Events occurring at some time during this year 
Danish invasion defeated 
Episode: Viking Invasions
The Danes landed at Wembury near Plymouth and were defeated by forces from Devon. A sea battle off the coast of Kent led by Athelstan (eldest son of Ethelwulf) defeated a Danish fleet of vessels and Ethelwulf defeated an army of Danes at the battle of Ockley who had arrived in the Thames and were attacking the south of the country.

 

Winter  -  Vikings spend winter in England 
Episode: Viking Invasions
The first Viking raiding party to stay in England for a period of time landed at the Isle of Thanet in Kent. They spent the winter in England.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Alfred goes to Rome 
Alfred is sent to Rome by his father to see Pope Leo IV.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Danes attack Paris 
Episode: Viking Invasions
More information required.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Ethelwulf and Alfred visit Rome 
Ethelwulf and Alfred visit Rome to see Pope Leo IV.

858

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Ethelbald becomes King of Wessex 
Unhappy with his father's marriage to Judith and absence from the country, Ethelbald, Ethelwulf's second son claims the kingdom of Wessex for himself. When Ethelwulf later dies, Ethelbald marries Judith, his stepmother.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Ethelbert becomes King of Wessex 
Upon the death of his elder brother, Ethelbert became the King of Wessex.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
The 'Great Army' invade 
Episode: Viking Invasions
A large army of Danes landed in East Anglia led by King Ivar the 'Boneless' and King Halfdan. No attempts were made to get rid of the invaders.

Ethelred becomes King of Wessex 
Following the death of his elder brother, Ethelred became the King of Wessex. Alfred (the Great) became his deputy.

 

Online Medieval Shield Designer
Introduction to Heraldry

Follow this simple guide to medieval heraldry and create your own shield design. This option requires Microsoft Silverlight to be installed. 

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Events occurring at some time during this year 
Witenagemot held at Woodstock 
Ethelread held a Witenagemot (Witan) at the palace of Woodstock.

The 'Great Army' arrive in East Anglia 
Episode: Viking Invasions
A large number of Vikings landed in East Anglia and gathered horses and supplies from the surrounding areas in preparation for their assault on Northumbria. Their leaders were Ivar the Boneless, son of Ragnar Lodbrok, and possibly Anlaf (Olaf) Cuaran, the King of Dublin.

Vikings driven out of Ireland 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Vikings raiders were driven from the northern coasts of Ireland by Aed Finliath.

Winter  -  Northumbria is invaded by the Danes 
Episode: Viking Invasions
The 'Great Army' moved north from their original landing site in East Anglia and into Northumbria. The Army split is two. One section took boats up the coast and sailed into the Humber while the other section went overland.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Danes are attacked and move south 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Armies from Northumbria attacked the Danes at York but were defeated. The Danes moved south attacking Nottingham and taking the city. The king of Mercia asked Ethelred and Alfred for assistance and an army from Wessex went to help.

Danes impose a king on Northumbria 
Episode: Viking Invasions
The Danes place a puppet King on the throne in Northumbria called Egbert.

The Danes invade Northumbria and York 
Episode: Viking Invasions
The Danes led by the sons of Ragnar Lodbrok, Ivar the boneless and Halfdan, attacked Northumbria and York. They wanted revenge for the death of their father who had been killed by Aella, the King of Northumbria. (Aella could have been an Irish Prince.) The Danes destroyed many churches and monasteries including Whitby Abbey. The monasteries remained ruined for two hundred years.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Alfred marries Ealhswith 
Alfred marries the daughter of a Mercian nobleman.

Autumn  -  A peaceful settlement is reached 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Ethelred and Alfred married Mercian noble women whilst assisting the King of Mercia with the Danes on his land. A peaceful settlement was reached with the Danes and a Danegeld was paid for them to leave.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Danes attack East Anglia 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Moving south again from York, The Danes entered East Anglia, attacking and destroying the many religious in the area including the monastery at was what to become Peterborough. The King of East Anglia, Edmund raised an army to attack the Danes but was captured and killed.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Crowland Abbey destroyed 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Danes attack Crowland Abbey and burn it down.

Siege of Dumbarton Rock 
Episode: Viking Invasions
The Vikings laid siege to Dumbarton Rock. The siege lasted for four months after which the defences fell and the Vikings took prisoners and treasures to Dublin.

Dec  -  The Danes attack Wessex 
Episode: Viking Invasions
The Danes moved south into the Wessex area and captured Reading.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Alfred rebuilds his defences 
During the period between 871 and 875 while the Danes were occupied in the north, Alfred had time to rebuild his defences.

Iceland settled by Norwegians 
Around this time travellers were either being shipwrecked on or deliberately landing on Iceland. Possibly setting up a colony.

Qtr 1  -  Battle of Ashdown 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Aethelred and Alfred defeated the Danes at Ashdown.

Apr  -  Alfred 'The Great' becomes king of Wessex 
After fighting the Danes all winter Aethelred died. He was only in his twenties. He was buried at Wimborne and was succeeded by his younger brother Alfred 'the Great'. Aethelred had two sons but they were too young to rule. The younger son Aethelwold would later rebel against against Alfred's son Edward the Elder for the English throne.

Qtr 2  -  More Danes arrive in Britain 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Another army of Danes landed in London and were joined by those at Reading. The army defeated Alfred at Wilton and so the king decided to pay the Danes some money to keep the peace.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Ivar the Boneless dies 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Ivar 'the Boneless', the king of Dublin died. He was succeeded by his brother Halfdan.

Revolt in Northumbria 
Episode: Viking Invasions
In 867 the Danes had installed a puppet ruler in Northumbria called Egbert. In 782 the Northumbrians rebelled and expelled Egbert. The Viking army moved north from Wessex and put down the revolt. They installed a new ruler called Ricsige.

Summer  -  Revolt in Northumbria 
A revolt occurred in Northumbria where the Danes had installed the 'puppet' king Egbert.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Vikings colonise Iceland 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Vikings landed in Iceland with plans to create settlements and start farming the land.