Events occurring at some time during this year 
Constantine VIII becomes the Byzantine emperor  (More...)

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Canute in Rome 
Canute attended the coronation of Emperor Conrad II in Rome. This proved his position as the head of a major power.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Canute takes Norway 
Canute defeated Olaf Haraldsson and took control of Norway.

Birth of William, the future conqueror of England 
William is born at Falaise in either 1027 or 1028

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Cottonian map of the world 
A map was produced in Canterbury showing an accurate representation of Britain, Europe and the World.

Canute at Glastonbury Abbey 
King Canute visited Glastonbury Abbey (possibly 1032) to grant the abbey gifts and privileges. He also knelt at the altar and prayed.

Battle of Stiklestad 
A battle fought for the throne of Norway. King Olaf Haraldson was killed at the battle and Harald Haradrada, his step-brother, escaped and went into exile.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Canute drives Scottish Kings into submission 
Episode: Viking Invasions
According to the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, Canute travelled to Scotland where he forced the Scottish Kings into submission.

Robert the Pious dies 
Robert, the King of France, died and was succeeded by his son Henry.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Benedict IX becomes Pope  (More...)

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Robert Assists English and French Kings 
Robert I, Duke of Normandy was an ally of the French King Henry I and also assisted the two English brothers Edward (to become Edward the Confessor) and Alfred, sons of Aethelred King of the English who was over thrown by Canute in 1016. Robert may had tried to assist Edward and Albert in their attempts to retake the English throne back from Canute. It may have been for this assistance that Edward was to promise Robert's son William (the Conqueror) the future crown of England.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Duncan becomes King of Scotland 
Already the ruler of Strathclyde Duncan killed his grandfather Malcolm II to become the King of Scotland.

 

Jul  -  William the Conqueror becomes Duke of Normandy 
In the eighth year of his life William (the Conqueror) became the Duke of Normandy when his father Robert died on a pilgrimage at Nicea. Robert's death led to a period of instability in Normandy as William was too young to take his father's place and the nobles in the region took the opportunity to settle old feuds and to increase their private wealth.

Nov 12  -  Canute dies 
Episode: Viking Invasions
King Canute died at Shaftesbury leaving the rule of the country in dispute between Harthacnut (the son of Emma) and Harold Harefoot (the son of Aelfgifu). The Earls of Northumbria and Mercia supported Harold's claim while Earl Godwine supported Harthacanute's. Canute's body was taken to Winchester to be buried. Harthacnut was in Denmark at the time of his father's death and was unable to travel to England because of invasion threats.

 

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Alfred is murdered by Godwine 
Both Edward the Confessor and Alfred, his younger brother, came to England at different times during this year to try and take back the English throne. Edward's attempt failed. Some time later Alfred landed in England but his army was met by Earl Godwine and was defeated. Alfred was captured and killed by the Earl.

Harold declared regent of England 
With Harthacnut still in Denmark a meeting was held at Oxford that chose Harold to act as regent of England.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Bishop John of York is canonised 
Archbishop Aelfric canonised John of York, responsible for founding the monastery at Beverley, as St. John of Beverley.

Dec  -  Harold Harefoot becomes king 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Harold Harefoot was proclaimed king of England and Emma was exiled to Bruges.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Eadsige becomes Archbishop of Canterbury 
Eadsige became Archbishop of Canterbury after the death of Aethelnoth.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
A new minter at Much Wenlock 
Earl Leofric builds a new Minster on the site of older religious buildings at Much Wenlock.

Mar 17  -  Harold Harefoot dies 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Harold died at Oxford leaving the English throne open for Hathacanute to claim.

Jun  -  Harthacanute lands in England and becomes King 
After a period in Denmark, Harthacanute returned to England to reclaim the throne of England which had been taken by Harold.

Aug 14  -  Duncan is killed by Macbeth 
Macbeth killed Duncan I and became the King of Scotland.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
A year of storms and disease 
Stormy weather destroyed crops and diseases killed many cattle during the year.

Truce of God 
France had descended into what is now known as the 'Anarchy of Feudalism' . Law had broken down and the Earls and Barons lived in fortified castles. Many of these lords robed from the surrounding land to make themselves rich. It was extremely dangerous to travel even on the main roads. Famines were common and trading had almost stopped. To stop the deterioration the Church introduced the Truce of God. The truce outlawed any kind of fighting from Thursday evening to Monday morning.

Edward the Confessor returns to England 
After a long exile at the Norman court Edward the Confessor returned to England. Harthacanute had no wife or heir so had invited Edward to return as Edward had the right to claim the English throne.

 

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Events occurring at some time during this year 
Magnus becomes King of Denmark  (More...)

Jun 8  -  Harthacanute dies and Edward the Confessor becomes King 
Episode: Viking Invasions
Harthacanute collapsed while attending a party and died shortly afterwards. He died without an heir and so the crown reverted back to the Saxons and Edward the Confessor was crowned King of England at Easter of 1043 at Winchester. After the death of Harthacanute Magnus took control in Denmark.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Leofric founds Coventry Abbey 
Leofric and his lady Godgifu found the Abbey on the site of Coventry Cathedral. Godgifu may have been the famous Lady Godiva who rode naked through the streets of Coventry to save the townsfolk from paying high taxes.

Stigand become bishop of Elmham 
Shortly after Edward the Confessor became King, Stigand was promoted to the position of bishop.

Easter  -  Edward the Confessor crowned 
Edward the Confessor was crowned at Winchester on Easter day.

Nov  -  Edward confiscated Emma's land 
Edward learnt that his mother Emma was plotting with Dane Magnus of Norway to take control of the English throne. Edward had no choice and stripped his mother of her land and treasure. Emma was allowed to stay in England until her death.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Geoffrey Martel takes Tours and Touraine 
Geoffrey Martel, count of Anjou, captured the town Tours and took control of the county of Touraine.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Crinan killed during uprising 
Crinan, the Abbot of Dunkfeld, led an uprising against Macbeth in an attempt to put his grandson Malcolm (III) on the Scottish throne. Malcolm was living at the court of Edward the Confessor at the time. Crinian was killed and the uprising failed.

Harald Hardrada returns to Norway 
After many years in exile Harald Hardrada returned to Norway to claim the Norwegian throne. His nephew Magnus was King of Norway and it was agreed that they should share the country's rule.

Jan  -  Edward marries 
Episode: Edward the Confessor and Earl Godwine
Edward married Edith, the daughter of Earl Godwine. Godwine was then in an extremely powerful position being related to the King of England.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Severe winter 
Extremely cold weather caused many deaths amongst animals and people.

Clement II becomes Pope  (More...)

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Magnus of Norway dies 
Magnus, King of Norway and Denmark, died in this year. Magnus had stated that Harold Hardrada should become King of Norway after his death.

Stigand at Winchester 
Stigand was promoted to the position of Bishop at Winchester.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Aldred founds Monastery at Gloucester 
Aldred, bishop of Worcester refounded a monastery at Gloucester. A monastery had already been founded at Gloucester in 681 by Ostric.

Earthquake 
A large earthquake is supposed to have been felt across England.

Jul  -  Damasus II was elected Pope   (More...)
Reigned for less than a month.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Sweyn exiled for murder 
Episode: Edward the Confessor and Earl Godwine
Sweyn Godwineson was exiled from England by Edward the Confessor to Flanders for murdering his own cousin, Earl Beorn.

Leo IX becomes Pope  (More...)

May 1  -  Earthquake in Midlands 
A large earthquake was felt in Worcester and Derby and many people were reportedly killed.