Events occurring at some time during this year 
Carisbrooke Castle given to de Redvers 
Henry I granted the ownership of the castle on the Isle of Wight to Richard de Redvers a Norman nobleman.

Construction of Carew Castle 
Gerard of Windsor built a motte and bailey castle on the Daugleddau creek in south Wales around this time. The land on which the castle was built was given to Gerard when he married Princess Nest.

Theodoric became the Antipope  (More...)

Jul 13  -  Abbey Church at Gloucester dedicated 
The abbey church at Gloucester built by Abbot Serlo was dedicated by Samson the Bishop of Worcester, Gundulph the Bishop of Rochester and Harvey Bishop of Bangor.

Jul 18  -  Godfrey of Bouillon dies 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
Godfrey of Bouillon died just a year after the crusaders had captured Jerusalem. Agreeing who should succeed Godfrey as ruler of Jerusalem was not easy. The head of the Church in Jerusalem, Dagobert of Pisa, claimed that the Church itself should rule and as he was its representative he should have the job. Godfrey's brother, Baldwin of Edessa, had other ideas and travelled to Jerusalem with an army to claim the throne.

Aug  -  William buried at Winchester 
William Rufus was buried under the tower of Winchester Cathedral. The tower fell down (either in 1101 or 1107 ?). The cause was blamed on the wickedness of the King's bones but was probably due to poor construction or uncertain foundations.

Qtr 3  -  Anselm recalled from exile 
Henry I had no quarrels with the exiled archbishop and invited Anselm to return from exile and take back his position at Canterbury.

Aug 2  -  William II (Rufus) is killed while hunting 
William II (Rufus) was (accidentally ?) killed while hunting in the New Forest. He was succeeded by Prince Henry, his younger brother, who became King Henry I.

Aug 5  -  Henry I succeeds 
Henry was crowned king at Westminster Abbey. (Under Henry, the lodges continued and the first Magna Carta of charter of liberties was obtained by the Normans, restoring the laws of Edward the Confessor.)

Nov 11  -  Henry I marries Matilda of Scotland 
Henry I married Matilda of Scotland, daughter of Malcolm III and sister of Edgar, the King of the Scots. The ceremony took place at Westminster Abbey.

Dec 25  -  Baldwin I becomes king of Jerusalem 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
Supported by an army of over a thousand men, Baldwin claimed the throne of Jerusalem. Baldwin of Edessa was Godfrey's brother and he claimed the throne as his heritage. Baldwin was crowned on Christmas Day at Bethlehem.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Arundel Castle siege 
After the castle falls to the besiegers, Arundel is passed to the ownership is passed to the King.

Roger Bigod granted lands at Framlingham 
This is the start of a line of Bigod involvement at Framlingham where later a castle is built.

Albert elected Antipope  (More...)

Feb  -  Robert attempts to take the Crown 
Ranulf Flambard escaped from the Tower of London and fled to Normandy. There he joined Robert II of Normandy who had just returned from the Crusades. Flambard and Robert planned to take the English throne away from his younger brother Henry I.

Apr 2  -  Henry I appoints Roger, a Norman Monk, as Chancellor 
Henry I appointed Roger, a Norman Monk, as Chancellor. While in Caen Henry and his elder brother William (Rufus) had entered a church and requested the priest say mass. The priest impressed the two with his efficiency that they made him their chaplain. Roger then became chancellor and later Bishop of Salisbury. Roger helped build many churches and castles.

Jul  -  The Treaty of Alton 
Robert Duke of Normandy landed at Portsmouth with an army and marched up to Alton on the way to London. Here he and Henry signed a treaty where Robert gave up his claim to the throne of England in return for 3,000 marks a year. The treaty also ensured that Robert's supporters would not be punished.

 

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Earl Robert of Belleme 
Henry I brings several charges against Robert of Belleme. Robert resists Henry but finally surrenders at Shrewsbury Castle. Robert is exiled.

Henry captures castle at Bridgnorth  
The castle at Bridgnorth was surrendered to Henry.

Siege of Tripoli 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
The crusaders began the siege of the city of Tripoli in the County of Tripoli, now Lebanon. The siege was led by Raymond of Toulouse.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Henry let off paying Robert of Normandy 
Robert of Normandy visits Henry and tells him that he does not need to pay Normandy the three thousand marks which he should have, bound by treaty to be paid each year.

Crops do badly  
Cattle as well as corn and fruit crops did badly this year.

Conflicts between Church and State 
Disagreements began to arise between Henry I and Archbishop Anselm over the appointment of bishops and abbots into important Church positions. Anselm believed that it was a matter for the Church to decide and should not be controlled by the King. No concession could be agreed upon and once again Anselm went into exile as the King confiscated the lands that the archbishop owned.

Construction of Toron Castle 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
Hugh of Saint-Omer, a crusader knight built a castle to the east of Tyre. This is now known as Tebnine.

Construction of a castle at Mount Pilgrim 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
The crusader Raymond of Toulouse had a castle built overlooking the city of Tripoli in order to lay siege to it.

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Aug 10  -  Strong winds damage crops 
On the morning of mass day of St. Lawrence, strong winds did more damage that anyone could remember. (St. Lawrence's day appears to be August 10, but this not have been the case in medieval times.)

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Port of Acre captured by the Crusaders 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
King Baldwin I captured the important port of Acre on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean. The port was an important supply route for Jerusalem.

Nicholas I becomes King of Denmark  (More...)

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Henry attacks his brother 
Henry entered Normandy to take power from this brother Robert whose incapacity to manage the affairs of the region could have had grave consequences. Robert fought back forcing Henry to return to England but not before Henry had gained Caen and Bayeux.

Sylvester IV becomes the Antipope  (More...)

Jul  -  Henry and Anselm reach an agreement 
Under threat of excommunication Henry I met Archbishop Anselm at Laigle in Normandy to settle the disputes that had led to the Archbishop's exile from England. An agreement was reached and Aneslm returned to england in the following year.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
A comet passes by 
A comet was seen and reported by several civilisations around the World. Lasting for forty days the comet grew steadily in brightness until finally fading away.

Construction of Kidwelly Castle 
Roger, bishop of Salisbury, is granted land in south Wales and started construction of a wooden castle on the banks of the river Gwendraeth.

Jan  -  Venice hit by a series of disasters 
In January Venice was hit by severe floods. Shortly afterwards a fire broke out destroying several districts of the city. Several months later another more deadly fire started. As many of the buildings were constructed of wood the fire spread out of control. The disasters led to future buildings being constructed of stone and brick.

Sep 28  -  Henry attacks his brother again 
Henry attacked his brother at the battle of Tinchebrai. This time with a much larger force Henry defeated and captured Robert along with William, the Count of Mortain. Henry locked Robert in Cardiff castle where he remained until he died in 1135.

Oct 17  -  St. Etheldreda's Day 
In 1106 or 1107 at Ely Cathedral the remains of saint Etheldreda were moved into the newly built presbytery. This was done on the saint's day, October 17th.

 

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Events occurring at some time during this year 
FitzHamon dies 
Robert FitzHamon died of his injuries at Falaise in Normandy in 1107. His son-in-law Robert Fitzroy succeeded to the Manor of Tewkesbury and continued the building the Abbey at Tewkesbury.

Construction of Llandaff Cathedral 
At Llandaff in South Wales bishop Urban began the construction of a new church on the site of a much older religious site.

Alexander I becomes King of the Scots 
Alexander became king after the death of his brother Edgar.

Jan 8  -  Alexander I becomes king of the Scots 
The death of Edgar caused a split of unity in Scotland. Alexander I became King of the Scots and David I became the King in Lothian and Strathclyde.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Louis VI becomes King of France 
Louis VI, the Fat, became king of France, upon the death of his father Philippe I.

Winchester Cathedral tower 
Work began on the tower of Winchester Cathedral in 1108 and building continued Until 1120.

Southwell Cathedral nave 
Work began on the nave and transepts in 1105 and work continued until 1150.

Death of Gundulf 
Gundulf's thirty year career of magnificent castle and cathedral design and construction came to an end with his death. His plans for the reconstruction of Rochester Cathedral were left incomplete. It was not until 1115 that construction work was to resume under the direction of Ernulf.

Events occurring at some time during this year 

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Church at Ely becomes seat of bishop 
The church at Ely became a Cathedral when it became the seat of the bishopric (or Diocese) of the area.

Abduction of Princess Nest 
Nest, the wife of Gerald de Windsor, was abducted along with her children possibly from Cilgerrran Castle. She was abducted by one of her own relatives, Owain ap Cadwgan.

Apr 21  -  Archbishop Anselm dies 
Death of the Archbishop of Canterbury.

Jul 12  -  Fall of Tripoli 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
After a siege lasting many years Tripoli fell to the Crusaders. The Banu Ammar Emirs had an important library in the city but it was attacked and all the books were destroyed. The Crusader state of Tripoli was then founded, the last of the Crusader states. Bertrand of Toulouse, the son of Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse, became the ruler of the state alongside William-Jordan.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Construction of Aberystwyth Castle 
An improved castle was built by the Norman Gilbert de Clare at Aberystwyth replacing an earlier fort.

Windsor Castle becomes a royal residence 
Henry I had improvements made to Windsor Castle, including a chapel, so that he could use the castle as his formal residence.

Birth of Geoffrey Plantagenet 
Geoffrey Plantagenet was the son of Fulk V, the count of Anjou. Geoffrey would marry Matilda, the daughter of Henry I, King of England.

Haughmond Abbey Founded 
This Augustinian priory was founded by William, a Lord of Clun.

Krak des Chevaliers 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
The construction of this important crusader castle was begun in around 1110.

Events occurring at some time during this year 

 

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Events occurring at some time during this year 
Severe winter 
An extreme winter prevented the growing of crops and cattle died of disease.

Founding of Neath Abbey 
Neath Abbey in south Wales was founded by Richard de Granville. Originally part of the Savigniac Order.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Construction of new cathedral at Exeter 
The second Norman bishop at Exeter, Warelwast started the construction of a new cathedral because he was not happy with the current building.

Mar  -  Bernard of Clairvaux reaches Citeaux 
Bernard (at the age of 22), his brothers and several Burgundian nobles reached the monastery at Citeaux. As there had not been any new novices for some years, Stephen Harding, the abbot, accepted them willingly.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Knights Hospitallers Recognised 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
A Papal Bull (a formal proclamation issued by the pope) recognised and named the Knights Hospitallers of St. John of Jerusalem as an independent religious order.

Jun  -  Worcester Cathedral and Castle damaged by fire 
The city of Worcester, its cathedral and castle were damaged by an accidental fire.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Count of Champagne travels to the Holy Land 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
The Count of Champagne was preparing to travel to the Holy Land when he received a letter from the bishop of Chartres. The letter stated that the count was planning to join 'la milice du Christ' (the original name for the Templars ?). This seems to indicate that the order existed at this time, as the letter speaks of chastity, something not usually expected of a Crusader.

Chichester Cathedral fire 
Chichester Cathedral suffered a disastrous fire in this year.

Jan  -  Matilda marries an Emperor  
Matilda, the daughter of Henry I is married to Emperor Henry V.

Oct 10  -  Tide fails on theThames 
A strange event took place in London where the tide went out and did not return for twenty-four hours. People were able to cross the river by wading across rather than using the bridge.

Nov  -  Earthquake 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
A large earthquake damaged the areas of the Frankish control in the East. Antioch and Edessa were hit by the shocks.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Count of Champagne donates land to St. Bernard 
The count of Champagne donated land to St. Bernard on which the abbey of Clairvaux was built.

Clairvaux Abbey founded 
The Cistercian abbey of Clairvaux was founded in 1115 by Bernard of Fontaines who became Clairvaux's abbot until his death in 1153.

Nave of Rochester Cathedral 
Construction of Rochester Cathedral's name commenced in 1115 and finished around 1130.

St. Albans consecrated 
The church at St. Albans was consecrated.

Events occurring at some time during this year 

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Fire destroys Peterborough Abbey 
An accidental fire destroys the abbey at Peterborough.

Welsh attack Norman castles 
The Welsh led by Grufydd ap Rhys attacked both Llandovery and Carmarthen Castles.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Peterborough Cathedral choir and transept 
After the devastating fire of 1116 work began on rebuilding the abbey at Peterborough. The central area including choir and transept were begun first. Work continued until 1155.

Berkeley castle construction 
Roger de Berkeley began the construction of Berkeley Castle in 1117 and it was completed by his son, also called Roger, by 1153.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Baldwin II becomes King of Jerusalem 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
Baldwin II became King of Jerusalem following in his cousin's footsteps.

Earthquake 
An earthquake damages Crowland Abbey.

Gregory VIII becomes the Antipope  (More...)

Gelasius II becomes Pope  (More...)

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Apr 14  -  Baldwin II crowned 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
Baldwin of le Bourg was crowned as King of Jerusalem in Jerusalem on Easter Sunday.

May 1  -  Queen Matilda dies 
Queen Matilda died at the Palace of Westminster where for the last 12 years of her life she had been neglected by Henry.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Knights Templar in Jerusalem 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
The Knights Templars travelled to the Holy Lands twenty years after Jerusalem was captured by European powers.

Knights Templar order founded in Jerusalem 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
Knights Templar order founded in Jerusalem, by Hughes de Payen.

Hughes de Payen: Master of the Temple 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
Hughes de Payen became the Master of the Temple.

William Adelin marries Matilda 
Fulk V of Anjou married his daughter Matilda to William Adelin, heir to the English crown. Wanting to go on Crusade, Fulk needed to ensure security and a marriage between his family and the English crown could help.

Roger de Newburgh 2nd Earl of Warwick 
Roger de Newburgh became the second Earl of Warwick.

Calixtus II becomes Pope  (More...)

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Jun  -  Field of Blood 
Muslim forces kill Roger of Antioch and many members of his army at the battle of the Field of Blood.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Worcester Cathedral Chapter-house 
Work began on the chapter-house of Worcester Cathedral.

Norwich castle keep 
The keep of the castle at Norwich was possibly constructed between 1120 and 1130.

Dedication of Llandaff Cathedral 
The church at Llandaff was dedicated by bishop Urban to St. Peter, St. Dubricius, St. Teilo and St. Oudoceus.

Kenilworth Castle constructed 
Henry I gave a portion of the Stoneleigh estate to Geoffrey de Clinton his chamberlain. de Clinton built a motte and bailey on the land and formed a lake to provide better defences.

Construction of Sherborne Castle 
Built by Roger, Bishop of Salisbury.

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Nov  -  William Adelin is drowned 
Episode: Stephen's succession to the throne
The son of Henry I was drowned attempting a crossing from Normandy to England. It should have been a straight forward sea crossing from Normandy to England and the weather was good, but the young prince and his young friends had delayed the sailing with their merrymaking in Normandy. The crew of the White Ship were supplied with beer were in no state to handle the ship safely. The ship his rocks and began to sink. Prince William was initially saved and placed in a small boat but on his orders he tried to rescue his sister and the boat was overwhelmed by others hoping to be saved. The small boat tipped over and the prince was drowned.

 

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Norwich Cathedral nave and tower 
Work on the nave and central tower was begun in 1121 after the choir and transept. Work finished in 1145.

Reading Abbey founded 
Henry I founded the abbey at Reading. The Cluniac Order of monks populated the abbey.

Jan 24  -  Henry I marries Adeliza 
Henry I married Adeliza of Louvain at Windsor Castle. Adeliza was his second wife. They did not have any children.

Jan 30  -  Coronation of Adeliza of Louvain 
Shortly after her marriage to King Henry, Adeliza's coronation was performed at Westminster Abbey.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Kenilworth Abbey Founded 
A priory of Austin Canons was founded in Kenilworth by Geoffrey de Clinton, the Chamberlain of King Henry I. The Priory was raised to the status of an abbey in the reign of Henry VI.

Gloucester fire 
A fire that started in the town of Gloucester spread to the Cathedral destroying treasures and all but a few books.

Aug  -  Venetians besiege Corfu 
In retaliation for the removal of their trading rights agreed in the treaty of 1082 by the emperor of Byzantine, John II, the Venetians led by Doge Michiel began a long siege of the island of Corfu.

 

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Foundation of Inchcolm Abbey 
Alexander I founded this abbey on an island in the middle of the Forth river in Scotland. The Scottish king took refuge on the island in a storm and rewarded the hermit who looked after him with the foundation of a church.

Apr  -  Baldwin II is captured 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
Baldwin, the king of Jerusalem, was captured by Balak of Aleppo. To save the situation the Venetians were asked to help and so Doge Michiel lifted the siege of Corfu and took his fleet to Acre, arriving at the port in May.

May  -  Egyptian navy destroyed off Ascalon 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
The Venetian fleet arrived at Ascalon and instantly set about attacking the Egyptian fleet. The Egyptian fleet was totally destroyed or captured.

Oct 23  -  Tewkesbury Abbey consecrated 
Five bishops took part in the consecration of Tewkesbury Abbey.

 

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Events occurring at some time during this year 
Unity of Scotland restored under David I 
The unity in Scotland was restored at the death of Alexander by David I who became King of Scots. During his reign the Scottish borders were extended to the River Tees, including all of Northumberland. (Was he assisted by the Knight Templar?)

Louis prevents war 
Louis VI with the help of his vassals, mobilizes a huge number of men, to avert a joint invasion from England and the Emperor Henry V.

Furness Abbey founded 
Founded by Stephen, the future King of England, this abbey is situated near Barrow in Furness. Initially the order was Savigniac but were later converted to Cistercians in 1147 when the orders were merged.

Agreement with Venice 
The Crusaders and Venetians came to an agreement. If the Venetians assisted in the capture of Tyre and Ascalon they could take a third of each city for themselves.

Celestine II is elected Antipope  (More...)
Was Antipope for just one or two days before resigning in favour of Honorius II.

Honorius II becomes Pope  (More...)

Events occurring at some time during this year 
Feb (to Jul)  -  Siege of Tyre 
Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land
The Crusaders laid siege to the city of Tyre in February and the city's inhabitants managed to hold out for five months before succumbing to starvation. The Crusaders were assisted by a fleet of ships from Venice.