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Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.
1100 .. 1124
1100 .. 1124
Please note that the TimeRef website is currently being redesigned.
Carisbrooke Castle given to de Redvers
Henry I granted the ownership of Carisbrooke Castle on the Isle of Wight to Richard de Redvers a Norman nobleman.
Construction of Carew Castle
Gerard of Windsor built a motte and bailey castle on the Daugleddau creek in south Wales around this time. The land on which the castle was built was given to Gerard when he married Princess Nest. The castle is called Carew Castle.
Theodoric became the Antipope
Construction of Restormel Castle
In around 1100 a castle was built at Restormel by the Norman Baldwin Fitz Turstin.
Abbey Church at Gloucester dedicated
The abbey church at Gloucester built by Abbot Serlo was dedicated by Samson the Bishop of Worcester, Gundulph the Bishop of Rochester and Harvey Bishop of Bangor.
Godfrey of Bouillon dies
Godfrey of Bouillon died just a year after the crusaders had captured Jerusalem. Agreeing who should succeed Godfrey as ruler of Jerusalem was not easy. The head of the Church in Jerusalem, Dagobert of Pisa, claimed that the Church itself should rule and as he was its representative he should have the job. Godfrey's brother, Baldwin of Edessa, had other ideas and travelled to Jerusalem with an army to claim the throne.
William buried at Winchester
William Rufus was buried under the tower of Winchester Cathedral. The tower fell down either in 1101 or 1107. The cause was blamed on the wickedness of the King's bones but was probably due to poor construction or uncertain foundations.
Anselm recalled from exile
Henry I had no quarrels with Anselm, the exiled archbishop, and invited him to return from exile and take back his position at Canterbury.
William II (Rufus) is killed while hunting
William Rufus was killed while hunting in the New Forest. He was succeeded by Prince Henry, his younger brother, who became King Henry I.
Henry I succeeds
King Henry I was crowned king at Westminster Abbey.
Henry I marries Matilda of Scotland
King Henry I of England married Matilda of Scotland, daughter of Malcolm III and sister of Edgar, the King of the Scots. The ceremony took place at Westminster Abbey.
Baldwin I becomes king of Jerusalem
Supported by an army of over a thousand men, Baldwin claimed the throne of Jerusalem. Baldwin of Edessa was Godfrey's brother and he claimed the throne as his heritage. Baldwin was crowned on Christmas Day at Bethlehem.
After Arundel Castle fell to the besiegers, the ownership of the castle passed to the King.
Roger Bigod granted lands at Framlingham
This is the start of a line of Bigod involvement at Framlingham where later a castle is built.
Albert elected Antipope
Stephen of Blois returns to the Holy Land
Accused of desertion and under the threat of excommunication, Stephen of Blois, and several of the other knights who deserted with him returned to the Holy Land to make amends for their actions.
Robert attempts to take the Crown
Ranulf Flambard escaped from the Tower of London and fled to Normandy. There he joined Robert II of Normandy who had just returned from the Crusades. Flambard and Robert planned to take the English throne away from his younger brother Henry I.
Henry I appoints Roger, a Norman Monk, as Chancellor
Henry I appointed Roger, a Norman Monk, as Chancellor. While in Caen Henry and his elder brother William (Rufus) had entered a church and requested the priest say mass. The priest impressed the two with his efficiency that they made him their chaplain. Roger then became chancellor and later Bishop of Salisbury. Roger helped build many churches and castles.
The Treaty of Alton
Robert Duke of Normandy landed at Portsmouth with an army and marched up to Alton on the way to London. Here he and King Henry I signed the Treaty of Alton where Robert gave up his claim to the throne of England in return for 3 thousand marks a year. The treaty also ensured that Robert's supporters would not be punished.
Robert of Normandy visited King Henry and told him that he did not need to pay Normandy the three thousand marks a year which he should have done bound by Treaty of Alton.
Crops do badly
Cattle as well as corn and fruit crops did badly this year.
Conflicts between Church and State
Disagreements began to arise between Henry I and Archbishop Anselm over the appointment of bishops and abbots into important Church positions. Anselm believed that it was a matter for the Church to decide and should not be controlled by the King. No concession could be agreed upon and once again Anselm went into exile as the King confiscated the lands that the archbishop owned.
Construction of Toron Castle
Hugh of Saint-Omer, a crusader knight built Toron Castle to the east of Tyre. This is now known as Tebnine Castle.
Construction of a castle at Mount Pilgrim
The crusader Raymond of Toulouse had a castle built on Mount Pilgrim overlooking the city of Tripoli in order to lay siege to it.
Birth of William Adelin
Matilda of Scotland, the wife of King Henry I of England gave birth to their first son William Adelin at Winchester. They already had a daughter called Matilda.
Strong winds damage crops
On the morning of mass day of St. Lawrence, strong winds did more damage that anyone could remember. (St. Lawrence's day appears to be August 10th, but this may not have been the case in medieval times.)
King Henry I entered Normandy to take power from this brother Robert whose incapacity to manage the affairs of the region could have had grave consequences. Robert fought back forcing Henry to return to England but not before Henry had gained Caen and Bayeux.
Sylvester IV becomes the Antipope
Henry and Anselm reach an agreement
Under threat of excommunication Henry I met Archbishop Anselm at Laigle in Normandy to settle the disputes that had led to the Archbishop's exile from England. An agreement was reached and Aneslm returned to england in the following year.
A comet was seen and reported by several civilisations around the World. Lasting for forty days the comet grew steadily in brightness until finally fading away.
Construction of Kidwelly Castle
Roger, bishop of Salisbury, was granted land in south Wales and started construction of a wooden castle called Kidwelly Castle on the banks of the river Gwendraeth.
Venice hit by a series of disasters
Venice was hit by severe floods. Shortly afterwards a fire broke out destroying several districts of the city. Several months later another more deadly fire started. As many of the buildings were constructed of wood the fire spread out of control. The disasters led to future buildings being constructed of stone and brick.
Henry attacks his brother again
King Henry I attacked his brother Robert at the battle of Tinchebrai. This time with a much larger force Henry defeated and captured Robert along with William, the Count of Mortain. Henry locked Robert in Cardiff castle where he remained until he died in 1135.
St. Etheldreda's Day
In 1106 or 1107 at Ely Cathedral the remains of saint Etheldreda were moved into the newly built presbytery. This was done on the saint's day, October 17th.
Construction work began on the tower of Winchester Cathedral and building continued until 1120.
Southwell Cathedral nave
Work began on the nave and transepts of Southwell Cathedral and work continued until 1150.
Death of Gundulf
Gundulf's thirty year career of magnificent castle and cathedral design and construction came to an end with his death. His plans for the reconstruction of Rochester Cathedral were left incomplete. It was not until 1115 that construction work was to resume under the direction of Ernulf.
Louis VI becomes King of France
Louis VI, the Fat, became king of France, upon the death of his father Philippe I.
The church at Ely became a Cathedral when it became the seat of the bishopric (or Diocese) of the area. Hervey who had been abbot at Ely was made its first Bishop by King Henry I.
Abduction of Princess Nest
Nest, the wife of Gerald de Windsor, was abducted along with her children possibly from Cilgerrran Castle. She was abducted by one of her own relatives, Owain ap Cadwgan.
Archbishop Anselm dies
Archbishop Anselm, the Archbishop of Canterbury, died.
Fall of Tripoli
After a siege lasting many years Tripoli fell to the Crusaders. The Banu Ammar Emirs had an important library in the city but it was attacked and all the books were destroyed. The Crusader state of Tripoli was then founded, the last of the Crusader states. Bertrand of Toulouse, the son of Raymond IV, Count of Toulouse, became the ruler of the state alongside William-Jordan.
The second Norman bishop at Exeter, Warelwast started the construction of a new cathedral because he was not happy with the current building.
Bernard of Clairvaux reaches Citeaux
Bernard at the age of 22, his brothers and several Burgundian nobles reached the monastery at Citeaux. As there had not been any new novices for some years, Stephen Harding, the abbot, accepted them willingly.
The Count of Champagne was preparing to travel to the Holy Land when he received a letter from the bishop of Chartres. The letter stated that the count was planning to join 'la milice du Christ' (the original name for the Templars ?). This seems to indicate that the order existed at this time, as the letter speaks of chastity, something not usually expected of a Crusader.
Chichester Cathedral fire
Chichester Cathedral suffered a disastrous fire in this year.
Matilda marries an Emperor
Matilda, the daughter of Henry I is married to Emperor Henry V.
Tide fails on theThames
A strange event took place in London where the tide went out and did not return for twenty-four hours. People were able to cross the river by wading across rather than using the bridge.
A large earthquake damaged the areas of the Frankish control in the East. Antioch and Edessa were hit by the shocks.
The Knights Templars travelled to the Holy Lands twenty years after Jerusalem was captured by European powers.
Knights Templar order founded in Jerusalem
Knights Templar order founded in Jerusalem, by Hughes de Payen.
Hughes de Payen: Master of the Temple
Hughes de Payen became the Master of the Temple.
William Adelin marries Matilda
Fulk V of Anjou arranged the marriage of his daughter Matilda to William Adelin, heir to the English crown. Wanting to go on Crusade, Fulk needed to ensure security and a marriage between his family and the English crown would help secure that security.
Roger de Newburgh 2nd Earl of Warwick
Roger de Newburgh became the second Earl of Warwick.
Calixtus II becomes Pope
Field of Blood
Muslim forces kill Roger of Antioch and many members of his army at the battle of the Field of Blood.
Work began on the chapter-house of Worcester Cathedral.
Norwich Castle keep
The keep of the castle at Norwich was possibly constructed between 1120 and 1130.
Dedication of Llandaff Cathedral
The church at Llandaff was dedicated by bishop Urban to St. Peter, St. Dubricius, St. Teilo and St. Oudoceus.
Kenilworth Castle constructed
Henry I gave a portion of the Stoneleigh estate to Geoffrey de Clinton his chamberlain. de Clinton built a motte and bailey on the land and formed a lake to provide better defences.
Construction of Sherborne Castle
Built by Roger, Bishop of Salisbury.
William Adelin is drowned
The son of Henry I was drowned attempting a crossing from Normandy to England. It should have been a straight forward sea crossing from Normandy to England and the weather was good, but the young prince and his young friends had delayed the sailing with their merrymaking in Normandy. The crew of the White Ship were supplied with beer were in no state to handle the ship safely. The ship his rocks and began to sink. Prince William was initially saved and placed in a small boat but on his orders he tried to rescue his sister and the boat was overwhelmed by others hoping to be saved. The small boat tipped over and the prince was drowned.
Alexander I founded this abbey on an island in the middle of the Forth river in Scotland. The Scottish king took refuge on the island in a storm and rewarded the hermit who looked after him with the foundation of a church.
Baldwin II is captured
Baldwin, the king of Jerusalem, was captured by Balak of Aleppo. To save the situation the Venetians were asked to help and so Doge Michiel lifted the siege of Corfu and took his fleet to Acre, arriving at the port in May.
Egyptian navy destroyed off Ascalon
The Venetian fleet arrived at Ascalon and instantly set about attacking the Egyptian fleet. The Egyptian fleet was totally destroyed or captured.
Tewkesbury Abbey consecrated
Five bishops took part in the consecration of Tewkesbury Abbey.
Henry I at Dunstable
Henry and a large number of his court spent Christmas as his palace at Dunstable. Here he entertained the Earl of Anjou.
The unity in Scotland was restored at the death of Alexander by David I who became King of Scots. During his reign the Scottish borders were extended to the River Tees, including all of Northumberland. (Was he assisted by the Knight Templar?)
Louis prevents war
Louis VI of France, with the help of his vassals, mobilized a huge number of men to avert a joint invasion from England and the Emperor Henry V.
Furness Abbey founded
Founded by Stephen, the future King of England, Furness Abbey was built near Barrow in Furness. Initially the order was Savigniac but were later converted to Cistercians in 1147 when the orders were merged.
Agreement with Venice
The Crusaders and Venetians came to an agreement. If the Venetians assisted in the capture of Tyre and Ascalon they could take a third of each city for themselves.
Celestine II is elected Antipope
Was Antipope for just one or two days before resigning in favour of Honorius II.
Honorius II becomes Pope
Feb (to Jul)
Siege of Tyre
The Crusaders laid siege to the city of Tyre in February and the city's inhabitants managed to hold out for five months before succumbing to starvation. The Crusaders were assisted by a fleet of ships from Venice.