Events occurring at some time during this year
Norwich Cathedral cloisters
Cloisters at Norwich Cathedral
were built between 1297 and 1318.
In response to the fear that the King of France would try to take back some of the lands Edward held in France, Edward I arranged a marriage between his son Edward and Philippa, the daughter of the Count of Flanders, an enemy of the King of France.
Edward is deserted by the Barons
Opposed to his plans to invade Flanders and Guienne, the Barons including the Earl of Hereford and the Earl of Norfolk deserted Edward I. 1500 knights also decided to oppose the plans. Aware of the dangers of the opposition to his power, Edward appeared before a large crowd at Westminster Hall and received total loyalty.
Edward appeals for support
Outside Westminster Hall, Edward I made an appeal for support for the war in France. He apologised for high tax demands he had previously levied. He also asked the Barons to swear allegiance to Edward of Caernarvon, the future Edward II, King of England. He received the support he needed.
Confederacy formed and destroyed
In Scotland, a group of nobles form a confederacy (organised by Bishop Wishart of Glasgow), but were defeated at Irvine. An agreement of submission to Edward I was signed by the future king of the Scots Robert I and other Scottish leaders.
Confirmation of the Charters
Before Edward left for his campaign against the French, he was given a list of grievances by the Earls of Hereford and Norfolk. Two charters were the result, the Charter of the Forest and the Magna. The charters were a big defeat for Edward and meant he could no longer levy taxes as he wished without the approval of the Church, Barons, Earls and other free men. Edward sealed the charters whilst at Ghent in November of the same year.
Edward sails for Flanders
Leaving an unhappy England behind him, Edward left for France to fight Philippe.
Louis IX is canonised
Pope Boniface VIII made King Louis IX of France a saint of the Church twenty seven years after his death whilst on crusade.
Battle at Stirling Bridge
Episode: Edward I and Scotland
William Wallace and Andrew De Moray leaders of the Scottish revolt in the South and North joined forces and defeated the English army led by Surrey at Stirling. The Scots caught the English forces as they crossed a bridge across the Forth.
Edward accepts Truce
A truce proposed by Philippe was accepted by Edward I.