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1400  

Henry Yeveley dies.
Chapter House at Canterbury building work
York Minster East Window
Tower built at Carlisle
Jan A plot to kill the new King
Feb Death of Richard II
Aug Henry invades Scotland
 
Aug Glyndwr's revolt starts
Sep Glyndwr proclaimed Prince of Wales
Oct Henry fights back against Glyndwr
Oct 25 Death of Geoffrey Chaucer.
 

1401  

Hotspur takes control in North Wales
De heretico comburendo
Mar William Sawtrey is the first Lollard to be burned at the stake
Jun Hotspur resigns
 

1402  

Henry IV assembles an army
Mar Death of David Stewart
Jun 22 Battle of Pilleth
Sep 14 Battle of Homildon Hill
 

1403  

Revolt of the Percies
Prince Henry in command
Abergavenny attacked by Glyndwr
Llansteffan Castle attacked by Glyndwr
Kidwelly Castle attacked
Weobley Castle attacked
Jul 21 Battle of Shrewsbury
Aug Earl of Northumberland surrenders
 

1404  

Worcester Cathedral north and south cloisters
Harlech Castle siege
Cardiff sacked by Glyndwr
Aberystwyth falls to the Welsh
Bangor Cathedral burnt by rebels
Innocent VII becomes Pope
May Glyndwr's Parliament
Sep 27 Death of William of Wykeham
 

1405  

Feb Glyndwr's agreement
Spring Battles of Grosmont and Usk
Apr Scrope's revolt
May Scrope executed
 

1406  

Gregory XII becomes Pope
Mar James (I) captured by the English
Apr James I of Scotland
Apr Robert III dies
 

1407  

York Minster central tower
Prince Henry besieges Aberystwyth
Harlech Castle siege
The plague kills thousands
 

1408  

Feb Battle of Bramham Moor
Autumn Aberystwyth falls to Henry
Winter Henry IV very ill
 

1409  

Alexander V becomes Pope
Mar Harlech falls to the English
 

1410  

Founding of St. Andrews University.
John XXIII becomes Pope
 

1411  

Construction of the Guildhall in London
Sep 21 Birth of Richard of York
 

1412  

Jan Joan of Arc born
 
 

The reign of Henry (V, King of England 1413-1422)

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1413  

Mar 20 Henry IV dies
Apr 9 Henry V crowned
Autumn Sir John Oldcastle arrested
Dec Richard II's body moved
 

1414  

Alien Priories confiscated
Jan 9 Lollards arrested
Apr Parliament at Leicester
 
Summer Henry claims French territories
 

1415  

Moorgate built
Spring Preparations for war with France
Aug 1 Plot to overthrow the King
Aug 11 Henry sails for France
Aug 16 English fleets lands in Normandy
Sep 22 Harfleur falls to the English
Oct 8 The march to Calais
Oct 19 Henry crosses the Somme
Oct 25 The Battle of Agincourt
Nov Henry returns to England
 

1416  

Armagnac Fleet blockade Harfleur
Katla Volcano Eruption
Aug 15 Harfleur rescued
 

1417  

Martin V becomes Pope
Aug Henry V lands in Normandy
Dec 14 Sir John Oldcastle executed
 

1419  

Henry the Navigator starts sea exploration
Jan 19 Rouen surrenders to Henry
 

1420  

May 21 Treaty of Troyes
Jun 2 Henry marries
 

1421  

Feb 23 Queen Catherine crowned
Oct 6 Siege of Meaux begins
Dec 6 Birth of Henry (VI)
 

1422  

May Meaux falls to the English
Aug 31 Henry V dies
 

The reign of Henry (VI, King of England 1422-1461, 1470-1471)

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Sep 1 Henry VI becomes king
Oct 21 Charles VI of France dies
 

1423  

Canterbury South West Tower building work
 
Battle of Cravant in France
Clement VIII becomes the Antipope
Dec Treaty of London
 

1424  

Battle of Verneuil
Mar 28 Treaty of Durham
May James I crowned
 

1425  

Wells Cathedral North-west Tower
Benedict XIV becomes the Antipope
John VIII becomes Byzantine Emperor
 

1426  

London Bridge rebuilding work
 

1428  

Law preventing unauthorised marriage
Danger of passing beneath London Bridge
Oct 12 Siege of Orléans
Nov 22 Birth of Richard Neville, the Kingmaker
 

1429  

Marriage of Owen Tudor and Catherine of France
Marriage of Richard and Cecily
Feb 12 Battle of the Herrings
Feb 23 Joan begins her mission
Mar Joan visits Charles VII
Apr Joan is given an army
Apr 29 Joan reaches Orleans
May 8 Siege of Orleans is lifted
Jun 18 The Battle of Patay
Jul 17 Charles VII crowned at Rheims
Sep 8 Joan fails to take Paris
Nov 6 Henry VI crowned King of England
 

1430  

May 23 Joan of Arc is captured
 

1431  

Jan The trial of Joan of Arc
May 30 Joan of Arc burnt at the stake
Dec Henry VI crowned as King of France
 

1432  

York Minster south-west tower
Feb 9 Henry VI returns home
 

1433  

Licence to build Alnwick town walls
Construction of Greenwich Palace
 

1434  

Nov 24 London severe cold
 

1435  

Sep 14 Duke of Bedford dies
Sep 21 Treaty of Arras
 

1436  

Apr 13 The French retake Paris
May 1 Richard, Duke of York is appointed Lieutenant-general
Dec Severe Frosts
 

1437  

Eugenius IV becomes Pope
Jan 3 Catherine of France dies
Jan 14 London Bridge section collapse
Mar 25 James II becomes King of the Scots
Qtr 2 Owen Tudor is captured
Nov Henry VI rules unaided
 

1438  

Oxford University founded
Qtr 1 Owen Tudor escapes
 

1439  

Felix V becomes the last Antipope
Jul Owen Tudor is pardoned
 

1440  

Tattershall Castle brick tower construction
Herstmonceux Castle construction
Harfleur captured by the English
Construction of Caister Castle
Eton College, Cambridge founded
Katla Volcano Eruption
Summer Richard of York re-appointed Lieutentant-general
 

1441  

King's College, Cambridge founded
Summer Duke of York in Normandy
 

1442  

Calais relieved by Edmund Beaufort
Apr 28 Future Edward IV is born
Dec Henry VI's legal majority
 

1444  

Feb 1 St. Paul's struck by lightning
Apr Treaty of Tours
May 24 Betrothal of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou
 

1445  

Apr 23 Marriage of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou
May 30 Margaret of Anjou crowned
Jul French Embassy in London
 

1446  

Henry VI receives the Golden Rose
 
 

1447  

Edmund Beaufort appointed lieutenant of France
Nicholas V becomes Pope
Feb 23 Death of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester
Qtr 4 Richard, Duke of York, Lieutenant of Ireland
 

1448  

Constantine XI Dragases becomes Emperor
 

1449  

Richard Neville becomes Earl of Warwick
Mar Fougeres captured by the English
Jul French Armies in Normandy
Nov Siege of Rouen
 

1450  

Southwell Cathedral West window
Jan The Duke of Suffolk is sent to the Tower
Jan Murder at Portsmouth
Mar 15 Siege of Valognes
Apr 15 Battle of Formigny
May Revolt in Kent
May Death of William de la Pole
May 16 Bayeux surrendered to the French
Jun London ransacked by the rebels
Summer Matthew Gough made Captain of the Tower
Jul Jack Cade killed
Jul Surrender of Caen
Aug 1 Somerset arrives in London
Aug 12 Fall of Cherbourg to the French
Sep Richard returns from Ireland
 

1451  

Glasgow University founded
Support for Richard in Parliament
Birth of Christopher Columbus
Jun 30 Bordeaux falls to the French
Qtr 4 York starts an uprising
 

1452  

Feb The Duke of York marches on London
Mar The Duke of York surrenders
Oct 2 Richard (III) is born
Nov Edmund and Jasper created Earls
 

1453  

Turks established in Constantinople
Jul English defeated at Castillion
Aug The King's health suffers
Oct 13 Prince Edward of Lancaster is born
Nov Somerset sent to the Tower
 

1454  

Feb 17 Feast of the Pheasant
Mar 27 Richard, Duke of York made Protector
Apr 2 Earl of Salisbury becomes chancellor
Dec Henry's health returns
 

1455  

Edmund Tudor marries Margaret Beaufort
The Gutenberg Bible
Calixtus III becomes Pope
Feb Somerset released from the Tower
Mar Somerset back in command
May 21 The Yorkists are summoned
May 22 Battle of St. Albans
Jul Parliament held
Oct Henry VI becomes ill once more
 

1456  

Feb 25 Duke of York resigns as protector
Summer Edmund Tudor captured
Jun Halley's Comet
Nov Edmund Tudor dies
Dec Margaret Beaufort moved to Pembroke
 

1457  

French attack on Sandwich
Jan 28 Henry (VII) is born
 

1458  

Warwick fights several naval battles
Pius II becomes Pope
Mar 24 Loveday march
 

1459  

Jun 24 Great Council
Sep Warwick returns to England
Sep 23 Battle of Blore Heath
Oct 12 Battle of Ludford Bridge
Nov Parliament acts against the Yorkists
 

1460  

Jan 15 Yorkists capture Lancastrian fleet
Mar Warwick sails to Ireland
Apr 10 James III crowned at Kelso Abbey
May Warwick returns to Calais
Jun Yorkists take control of Kent
Summer Queen Margaret flees to Wales
Jun 26 Earls of March and Warwick land in England
Jul 2 Yorkists enter London
Jul 5 The Earls of Warwick and March leave London
Jul 10 Battle of Northampton
Jul 19 Garrison at Tower of London surrenders
Jul 30 Yorkists in power
Aug 3 James II accidentally killed
Sep Richard, Duke of York returns
Oct Duke of York claims throne
Dec 30 Battle of Wakefield
 

1461  

Feb 2 Battle of Mortimers Cross
Feb 17 Second Battle of St. Albans
Feb 27 Yorkists enter London
 

The reign of Edward (IV, Earl of March and King of England 1461-1470, 1471-1483)

...

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Mar 4 Edward IV is proclaimed king
Mar 13 Edward leaves London
Mar 28 Battle of Ferrybridge
Mar 29 Battle of Towton
Jun 28 Edward IV is crowned
Jul Lancastrian Embassy in France
Jul 22 Death of Charles VII
Aug Edward on a royal tour
Aug 15 Louis XI crowned King of France
Sep Pembroke Castle captured
Oct Lancastrians lose castles in Wales
Nov Richard (III) becomes Duke of Gloucester
Nov Pembroke Castle in Yorkist hands
 

1462  

Prudhoe Castle granted to the Duke fo Clarence
Carreg Cennen demolished
Feb A plot to kill the king
Apr Queen Margaret sails to France
Jun 28 Queen Margaret and Louis XI
Oct 25 Queen Margaret invades
Nov 13 Queen Margaret retreats to Scotland
Dec Yorkists take back control of Northumbrian castles
 

1463  

Norwich third spire destroyed
Jan 6 Alnwick Castle surrenders to the Yorkists
Mar Northumbrian castles fall to Lancastrians
May Alnwick Castle in Lancastrian hands
Jul Queen Margaret returns to France
Jul Siege of Norham Castle
Oct Treaty with France
Dec Duke of Somerset rebels
Dec English Truce with Scotland
 

1464  

Paul II becomes Pope
Apr 25 Battle of Hedgeley Moor
May Edward secretly marries
May Battle of Hexham
Jun Truce with Scotland.
Jun Herbert becomes Constable of Harlech
Jun 23 Alnwick Castle Surrenders to Warwick
Sep 14 Council at Reading
 

1465  

May 26 Elizabeth crowned
Summer Henry VI captured
 

1466  

Feb 11 Birth of Edward IV's first daughter
 

1468  

Canterbury Lady Chapel Vault
Orkney pledged to Scotland
Summer Margaret marries Duke of Burgundy
Jul Jasper Tudor's invasion
Qtr 4 Warwick plots against the King
 

1469  

Qtr 1 Rebellion of Robin of Redesdale
Jun Edward advances against rebels
Jul Clarence marries Isabel Neville
Jul 18 Warwick returns from France
Jul 26 Battle of Edgecote
Jul 29 Edward is captured
Aug Woodville family members executed
Sep Riots and rebellions
Qtr 4 Richard appointed Constable of England
 

1470  

York Minster north-west tower
'Le Morte d'Arthur'
First printing press in France
Mar 12 Lincolnshire rebellion
Mar 20 Battle of Nibley Green
May Warwick and Clarence escape to France
Jul 22 Warwick and the Lancastrians
Jul 25 Betrothal of Prince Edward and Anne Neville
Jul 31 The plan to restore Henry VI
Sep 9 Warwick sails from France
Sep 13 Warwick lands in England
Oct 2 Edward flees to Burgundy
Oct 6 Henry restored as King
Qtr 4 Edward (V) is born
Qtr 4 Louis declares war on Burgundy
Dec 13 Marriage of Edward of Lancaster and Anne Neville
 

1471  

Sixtus IV becomes King of Denmark
Jan Support for Edward IV
Mar 14 Edward returns to England
Apr 4 Clarence rejoins his brothers
Apr 11 London opens its gates to Edward and the Yorkists
Apr 14 The Battle of Barnet
Apr 14 Queen Margaret lands at Weymouth
May London attacked by rebels
May 4 The Battle of Tewkesbury
May 21 The murder of Henry VI
Qtr 3 Richard becomes Lord of the North
 

1472  

Ludlow home for the two princes
Jul Richard marries Anne Neville
 

1473  

Oct Marriage agreement between England and Scotland
Dec Birth of Edward, Prince of Wales
 

1474  

William Caxton's first book
Jul Treaty of London
 

1475  

Jul Edward invades France
Aug Peace treaty signed
 

1476  

Caxton at Westminster
Aug Columbus and the pirates
Dec Edward prevents marriage
 

1477  

Work starts on St. George's Chapel
Edward buys Beaudesert Castle
Caxton prints the first book in England
Jun Clarence arrested
 

1478  

Jan 15 Marriage of Richard, duke of York
Feb 7 Clarence sentenced to death
Feb 18 Clarence executed
 

1479  

Bishopsgate rebuilt
 

1480  

Birth of Ferdinand Magellan
 

1481  

Dartmouth Castle construction
Caxton publishes first illustrated book in England
Jul Rheims Cathedral damaged by fire
 

1482  

Treaty of Arras
Aug 25 Death of Margaret of Anjou
 

1483  

Apr Richard made Protector
 

The reign of Edward (V, King of England 1483)

Edward V was the King of England for less than three months during 1483. He was the son of Edward IV, King of England and Elizabeth Woodville and was born in 1470 when his father was in exile and his mother was safe within Westminster Abbey. This was during the time of the Wars of the Roses when the Lancastrians and Yorkists were fighting for the English throne. His father returned from exile after his birth and reclaimed the English throne. The young prince was taken to Ludlow Castle where he spent most of his youth. He was joined there by his younger brother Richard. Edward V was only thirteen years old when his father died in April 1483 and was too young to rule unaided. His uncle Richard, Duke of Gloucester (future Richard III) stepped in to assist Edward and his younger brother and transferred them to the Tower of London for safe keeping. ...

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Apr 9 Edward IV dies, Edward V becomes king
Apr 29 Woodvilles escort Edward V
Apr 30 Richard captures the King
Jun 13 Hastings executed
Jun 22 Edward V declared illegitimate
Jun 25 Duke of Gloucester nominated as King of England
Jun 25 Earl Rivers is executed
 

The reign of Richard (III, King of England 1483-1485)

Richard only reigned for two years, from 6th July 1483 until his death at the battle of Bosworth on 22nd August 1485. Richard was the thirteenth and last Plantagenet king and the last king to be killed in battle. We see Richard depicted as a hunch-back by Shakespeare but this deformity may be exaggerated. ...

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Jul Murder of Princes in the Tower
Jul 6 Richard III is crowned King
Aug Richard goes on tour
Aug 30 Death of Louis XI
Sep 7 Richard's son becomes Prince of Wales
Oct Buckingham's rebellion
 

1484  

Apr Prince Edward dies
Aug Innocent VIII becomes Pope
Sep Truce signed with the Scots
Dec Richard returns to London
 

1485  

Caxton publishes 'Morte d'Arthur'
Mar Death of Queen Anne
Aug 7 Henry Tudor arrives in England
Aug 15 Henry Tudor at Shrewsbury
 

The reign of Henry (VII, King of England 1485-1509)

Henry Tudor ...

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Aug 22 Battle of Bosworth
Sep Earl of Warwick arrested
Oct 30 Henry Tudor is crowned.
Dec 15 Birth of Catherine of Aragon
 

1486  

Lovell revolt in England.
Jan 18 Henry VII marries Elizabeth of York
Sep Birth of Prince Arthur
 

1487  

May 24 Lambert Simnel crowned in Dublin
Jun 16 Battle of Stoke
Nov 25 Coronation of Elizabeth of York
 
 

1488  

Rounding of the Cape of Good Hope
Jun 11 Death of James III of Scotland
Jun 24 James IV crowned King of Scotland
Jul Battle of St. Aubin
Nov 25 Queen Elizabeth is crowned
 

1489  

Nov Birth of Margaret
 

1490  

Winchester Cathedral Lady Chapel
 

1491  

Jun 28 Henry (VIII) born
Qtr 4 Perkin Warbeck arrives in Cork
 

1492  

Alexander VI becomes Pope
Apr 17 Columbus signs agreement
Jun Death of Elizabeth Woodville
Aug 3 Columbus sets sail
Sep Columbus reaches the Canary Islands
Sep Columbus sails across the Atlantic
Oct 2 Henry VII lands at Calais
Oct 11 Land is spotted
Oct 12 Christopher Columbus 'discovers' America
Nov 3 Treaty of Etaples
Dec Columbus lands at Santo Domingo
Dec 24 Santa Maria runs aground
 

1493  

Canterbury central tower building work
Henry becomes Constable of Dover Castle
Jan The first Spanish New World settlement
Mar 4 Columbus returns
Apr Henry becomes Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports
Sep 25 Columbus embarks on his second voyage
Oct 13 Columbus leaves the Canary Islands
Nov 3 Christopher Columbus discovers Dominica
Nov 4 Columbus finds cannibals
Nov 11 More new islands named by Columbus
Nov 14 Columbus discovers Santa Cruz
Nov 19 Columbus discovers Puerto Rico
Nov 27 Back to Navidad
 

1494  

Aberdeen University founded
Treaty of Tordesillas
Jan 2 Columbus creates a new settlement
Feb Partial return to Spain
Mar 12 Search for gold
Apr 24 Columbus heads for Cuba
May Jamaica Explored
Jun Southern coast of Cuba explored
Sep Henry becomes Lieutenant of Ireland
Oct Henry enters the Order of the Bath
Dec Henry enters the Order of the Garter
 

1495  

Feb Charles crowned King of Naples
Mar 31 Holy League (League of Venice)
Jul 3 Perkin Warbeck's attempted invasion
Nov Perkin Warbeck in Scotland
 

1496  

A new Spanish colony at Santo Domingo
Mar Columbus returns to Spain
Mar 5 Henry VII and John Cabot
Jun 11 Columbus lands at Cadiz
 

1497  

Perkin Warbeck captured at Beaulieu
May 2 John Cabot sets sail for Asia
Jun Cabot discovers Newfoundland
Aug 6 Cabot returns from voyage
Dec Sheen Palace burns down
Dec Vasco de Gama rounds Cape of Good Hope
 

1498  

Apr 7 Death of Charles VIII of France
May Cabot disappears on voyage
May 30 Columbus begins his third voyage
Jun The doldrums
Jul 31 The island of Trinidad is discovered
Aug The Gulf of Paria
Aug Columbus finds a continent
Qtr 3 Rebellion of Roldan
Aug 31 Columbus lands at Santo Domingo
Sep Agreement with Roldan
 

1499  

Construction at Bath Abbey
Alonso de Ojeda names Venezuela
Nov Perkin Warbeck executed
 
 
 
 
 
 

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