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The Peasants Revolt
Start of the Peasant's Revolt
Essex villagers resisted tax collection; beginning of the Peasant's Revolt in England.
Peasant's Revolt reaches Maidstone
The Kentish section of the Revolt reached Maidstone where they were joined by Wat Tyler who became their leader. They released John Ball from the church prison.
William Courtenay becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
William Courtenay became the Archbishop of Canterbury.
Peasant's Revolt reaches Canterbury
William Courtenay was elected the new archbishop of Canterbury by the Kentish rebels who crowded into the church. The previous archbishop was in London with the king and was to be beheaded by the rebels. The Essex section of the revolt burnt and sacked a Hospitaller commandery that had previously belonged to the Templars called Cressing Temple.
Rebels move towards London
Both the Kentish and the Essex rebels move towards London.
Rebels reach London
The Essex rebels reach Mile End near Aldgate and the Kentish rebels reach Southwark.
Richard meets the rebels
King Richard II negotiated with the rebel peasants at Mile End, London. At the same time a group of rebels entered the Tower of London and Archbishop Simon of Sudbury, Sir Robert Hales and other officials were killed. Disturbances also started in St.Albans.
Wat Tyler killed
Richard II again met the rebels, at Smithfield; they demanded the confiscation of church land; Watt Tyler was killed and the rebels dispersed; the Prior of Bury St.Edmunds was executed by the townspeople; University property was attacked in Cambridge.
The English rebellion spread to Norfolk and on the 19th to Somerset. Sir John Cavendish was murdered by rebels.
Norfolk rebels entered Norwich but were repelled by local landowners, led by Henry le Despenser, bishop of Norwich; the bishop met the rebels on the 26th at North Walsham and captured their stronghold. Rebel attacks occurred at Peterborough Abbey and Dunstable Priory, and in Buckinghamshire and Leicestershire.