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Ailettes Small square metal plates or shields attached to the shoulders to protect against sword blows Almayne Rivets The style of armour where sections are fastened with rivets that are allowed to slide giving more freedom of movement Anelace A short sword with a broad blade used by both ordinary people and military Angon A six foot long spear for throwing. Used by Anglo-Saxons Annulet A ring around a circular pier or shaft. A circle on a shield used in heraldry Arbalestier A crossbow man Arming Points Strips of leather used to tie sections of armour together Arrow-slit A long narrow opening to shoot arrows through. Some are cross-shaped for crossbows Aventail Section of a helmet covering the lower face and neck for protection Axe Common medieval weapon with large blade fixed at ninety degrees to the handle
Backplate Section of armour covering the back from neck to waist. Part of the cuirass Badelaire A cutlass or short sword Bailey The open area in a castle between the keep and the curtain wall. This area can have working and domestic buildings in it Baldric A belt worn around the neck an to the hip from which the sword was hung Ballista War engine used for throwing large arrows Barbican Outer defences of a castle where attackers would be vulnerable. Normally a double tower over a bridge or gate Bardings Armour for horses, covering neck and breast Barmkin Scottish term for a fortified castle courtyard. Similar to a barbican Bartizan A watch-tower or turret jutting out from the top of a castle Baselard A short sword or knife used in close combat Basinet A conically shaped helmet with open front. An aventail was added for face and neck protection Bastion A solid tower at the end or middle of a curtain wall Battlemented Describes the top of of a wall where there are rows of rectangular teeth. This is also known as crenellated or embattled Berm Strip of ground between the outer curtain wall and the moat Bourdonasse A lance for jousting that breaks easily on contact to prevent injuries Brassarts Armour for protecting the upper arm from elbow to shoulder Breastplate Armour to protect the chest. Part of the cuirass Breteche Hoardings: Wooden boards fitted to top of wall used as extra protection for defenders Byrnie A long shirt of leather or chain mail finishing at the elbows and reaching down to the knees
Camail Chain mail armour covering the head and falling over the shoulders Casemate Bomb-proof vault in a curtain wall for cannons Castellan The governor of a castle or keep Castellation Another word for battlements. The defensive detail at the top of a wall or tower Castle Medieval fortification Causeway A bank built across marshy ground with a path running along the top Chain mail Flexible clothing made from interlinking rings of metal Chanfron Armour for horses covering the face Cinque Ports Ports on the south coast with special privileges. Originally five Concentric A concentric castle has a series of defences enclosing another Constable Person in charge of the defence of the castle. Crenellation Notched battlements at the top of a wall Crinet Armour for a horse to protect the neck area Crossbow A weapon able to shoot arrows. Lot of varieties Crupper Armour for a horse to protect the hind area Crusade Military expeditions to win back or hold on to the Holy Lands from the Muslims Cuirass Medieval armour covering the back (backplate) and chest (breastplate). Plain or ornately decorated Curtain Wall The wall around the bailey with a sentry-walk along its top Cyclas A sleeveless tunic
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.