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Dais Raised area where the lord's chair is positioned Dalmatic Deacon's (also bishop's) vestment (See TUNICLE) Danegeld A tax paid to the Vikings to prevent them from attacking Danelaw Area under Danish Law in the tenth century due to the numbers of Danes living there. Mainly in the east and north east of England Daub Mud and clay covering as in wattle and daub Daughter House Foundation of an abbey by monks from another abbey. Initial community consisted of 13 monks, one of which was the group leader. Dauphin Eldest son of the King of France and heir to the French throne Day Stairs Stairs usually leading from the cloister to the dorter (sleeping hall). Dean The head of the group of people running the cathedral (Chapter) Deanery Where the Dean lived Decani The south side of the choir on which the Dean sits. Usually in a Cathedral Decorated The name used to denote the architecture style between 1275 and 1350 (+/- 25 years) (More...) Demense Lord of Manor's own land. Dexter The right side of a shield. Shown to the left when looking at a shield design. Diaper Pattern of diamonds or squares Diocese Area under the jurisdiction of a Bishop Dog-Tooth Moulding An ornimental moulding used in the 13th Century in English Cathedrals, conisting of a series of pyramidal projections, each having for leaves Donjon Inner stronghold or keep of the castle Dormitory The room where the choir monks slept Dorter Shared sleeping hall (dormitory) for monks Dovecote Building where pigeons and doves were raised. Drawbridge The wooden bridge of a gateway that can be raised or lowered for defence Dressings The stones used for corners or angles and are worked to a smooth finish Dripstone A projecting moulding over doors, windows etc. used to throw off the rain Dungeon The prison
Early English The term used to denote the style of architecture between 1190 and 1275 (More...) Eaves The underneath part of a sloping roof that overhangs a wall Effigy A stone, wood, marble etc. carved likeness of a person. Ealdorman An Anglo-Saxon nobleman who had control over a local area and exercised the king's authority Embattled Battlements with crenelations (indentations). Embrasure A small opening in battlements used as lookout posts Encaustic Tiles Tiles used in medieval cathedrals having the patterns burnt into them Enceinte An enclosure; the fortified area of a castle Engaged Shaft or Column A shaft or column partly set into another shaft or column or wall Exchequer The king's financial department responsible for managing the king's finances Extrados The curved upper or outer surface of an arch Eyre The right of a king to visit and inspect property held by his vassals
Facade The face or principal front of a building Fan-Vault A conchoidal type of vault in which length and curvature of all the ribs are the same Faquin A dummy made of wood or straw used as a target when training to use a lance Fealty An oath of faithfulness to one's lord or at it's highest to the crown Feretory The shrines containing the sacred relics of saints Fess One of the main ordinaries. A horizontal band in the centre of the shield (More...) Feudalism System in which the king shares power and land with nobles in return for services. Fief Land and property held on condition of homage and service to the lord who owns it. Field The whole surface of the shield. Finial Leaf decoration on top of a gable or bench-end Fleur-de-lis Stylised flower like a lily used in shield design Floriated Decorated with flowers shaped ornaments. Tracery term Florin An Italian gold coin first issed in Florence in 1252. Flying Buttress A free-standing buttress linked to the building by part of a arch to provide strength against the lateral forces Foliated Carving with leaves Forebuilding A small defendable building on the entrance of a larger building Foundations Underground stone base supporting the building above Franc French gold coin first minted in 1360 by John II. Frater Large common dining room in an abbey. Strict rules of procedure and silence were observed while readings were given. Fyrd An army consisting of free men who were summonsed by the king in times of trouble
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.