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Sable A black colour used in heraldry (More...) Sacristy Safe storage for the church valuables Saltire Diagonal cross on a shield used in heraldry (More...) Sanctuary Location of the church to the east of the alter rails Sap To undermine a wall Scriptorium Place in a religious community where manuscripts were written and decorated See Ecclesiastical area under control of a bishop Sepulchre A tomb Shaft the part between the capital and the base of a pillar but usually applied to the small columns clustered around pillars or found in the jambs of doors or windows Shaft The main part of a column Shell Keep A high circular or many sided keep built on top of a motte with domestic buildings inside Sheriff From shire-reeve. The person who represented the workers within the manor Shield Used for protection against blows during combat. Made from wood or metal and held by a strap at the rear. Shingle Small tiles of wood used to cover a roof Siege The blockade of a castle or town to force the surrender of the occupants. Siege tower A timber tower sometimes with wheels that attackers used to reach the height of the castle Sinister The left side of the shield from the holders viewpoint. Shown on the right when looking at a shield design Slight To destroy a castle and make it useless Slype Covered walkway between transepts and chapter-house Solar The private living quarters of a Lord. Usually next to the great hall Spandrel Triangular space above the haunch of an arch Spingald War engine used for throwing large arrows. Similar to a ballista. Spire Conical construction on top of a tower Stained Glass The glass is stained with metallic oxides and painted afterwards with finer details Stairs Series of steps made of wood or stone giving access to different floors Steeple Combined spire and tower where there is no defined join Strapwork Ornament that imitates interlacing bands of leather String-course Band, sometimes projecting, of horizontal masonry
Tabard A tunic having no sleeves and open at the sides that is worn over the armour and decorated to show the wearer's faction Tenant-in-chief A lord who has been given land by a king Thegn A high-ranking member of the Anglo-Saxon king's family or followers Tie-beam Horizontal beam used to hold rafters from spreading Tintures Colours, metals and furs used in heraldry Tracery Ornamental stonework in a window Transepts Located to the north and south of the choir, providing extra chapels and useful for holding the central tower up Transom Horizontal division of a window Trebuchet Siege engine used to throw large objects Triforium The portion of the internal wall of a cathedral above the arcade and below the clerestory that fronts the area above aisles Turret A small tower Tympanum Space between the lintel of a doorway and an arch above it
Undercroft The crypt below the church
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.