The Magna Carta

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The Magna Carta was a document or charter signed in June 1215 by King John and the Barons at Runnymede on an island in the river Thames. The charter reinstated old feudal contracts first drawn up in the times of William the Conqueror between the king and his people. The Barons wanted to limit the king's power. Stephen Langton, the Archbishop of Canterbury, was at the centre of a dispute between King John and the Pope Innocent III. After the death of the previous archbishop, the Pope wanted Langton for the position but King John did not. Langton joined the Barons who opposed the King and it was through Langton's work that the new charter was drawn up.
 
YearMonthEvent
1215 Jun 15  John's Great Charter (the Magna Carta)
 A large number of barons, led by Stephen Langton the archbishop of Canterbury, meet King John on an island in the Thames at Runnymede. They forced the king to sign the 'Great Charter' or Magna Carta that would limit the power of the monarchy. The barons insisted that the old feudal contract should be reinstated and that the king should abide by the laws that the rest of the population did. The feudal contract allowed the barons to run their own lands, renting it from the king but paying rent by supplying knights rather than money. This feudal system had been set up by William the Conqueror.[1] 
 Aug 24  The Magna Carta is annulled
 Pope Innocent III annulled the Magna Carta freeing King John from its limitations. The Pope annulled the charter on the grounds that the King only signed it because he was forced to and that the document was illegal. The Pope was prepared to support John against the rebel barons because he wanted him to take a key role in a new crusade. 
 Oct  Baron's war
 After the Magna Carta was annulled and it was clear that John was not going to agree to the terms of the charter the civil war between King John and the rebel barons started. The barons offered the English crown to Prince Louis, the son of King Philippe II of France and invited him to invade England. John confiscated the rebel barons' lands and gave them to his own supporters. King John besieged Rochester Castle where a garrison of men had been left by the barons. The garrison was starved out and the castle fell to the King. 
1216 Nov 12  Revision to the Magna Carta
 The Magna Carta was revised at King Henry's Council at Bristol. 
1233 Qtr 1  Baronian rebellion
 With the introduction of Peter de Roches as justiciar and the removal of Hubert de Burgh, the control of the Exchequer was under Poitevin control and possibly reversed the gains created by the Magna Carta in 1215. Henry was given control of central administration. This angered the Barons and a group led by Richard Marshall, Earl of Pembroke opposed the changes. Henry was able to deal with the Barons.[2]