Please note that the TimeRef website is currently being redesigned.
Please note that the TimeRef website is currently being redesigned. This page shows what the rest of site will eventually look like.
Saxons and Angles
The routes taken by Saxons and other tribes to invade Britain from 410 AD.
Saxons and other tribes start to arrive in Britain from 550 AD. This maps shows the areas in which they settle.
The seven Anglo-Saxon kingdoms. Several modern counties still use their Saxon names.
In 1065 the areas of England had been merged into larger states.
Click maps to see details
Viking invasions started in around 790 AD. In 793 the monastery at Lindisfarne was attacked. Churches were an easy target for the vikings as they were built in remote locations and were poorly protected.
The Norman Invasion & Conquest
In late 1066 several key battles took place in England. See where these key battles took place.
See the route William the Conqueror took from Normandy through the south of England before becoming King.
See how much land was under the possession of William the Conqueror in 1087 AD.
Areas of England
Click on the castle icons above to see the locations of major castles, cathedral and abbeys on an interactive map.
Invasions of France
The invasion of France by Edward III in 1346 AD.
Henry V's first campaign in France in 1415
The Third Crusade
This map show the routes from Vézelay to Messina taken by Philip Augustus and Richard I.
This map show the routes from Messina to Acre taken by Philip Augustus and Richard I.
War of the Roses
The battles of the War of the Roses took place between 1455 and 1487. The war was fought between supporters of several descendants of Edward III, the King of England from 1327 to 1377.
Cities and Towns
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.