Viking invasions started in around 790 AD. In 793 the monastery at Lindisfarne was attacked. Churches were an easy target for the Vikings as they were built in remote locations and were poorly protected. Most importantly they contained ornaments made of silver and gold. The Vikings killed the monks and burnt the buildings. The monastery of Iona on the west coast of Scotland was attacked in 802 AD.
|1066||Sept 20||Gate Fulford|
|1066||Sept 25||Stamford Bridge|
|1066||Oct 14||Hastings||Norman Conquest|
|1093||Nov 13||Alnwick||Scottish Invasions|
|1136||Crug Mawr||Normans in Wales|
|1138||Aug 22||Battle of the 'Standard'||Scottish Invasions|
|1141||Feb 2||Lincoln||The Anarchy|
|1303||24th Feb||Roslin||First War of Scottish Independence|
|1307||10th May||Loudoun Hill|
|1318||14th Oct||Faughart||Edward Bruce in Ireland|
|1319||20th Sept||Myton||First War of Scottish Independence|
|1322||16th Mar||Boroughbridge||Despenser War|
|1332||12th Aug||Dupplin Moor||Second War of Scottish Independence|
|1340||Salado River||Spanish Reconquista|
Hundred Years War
The battles here form part of the first stage of the Hundred Years War conflict.
|1387||19th Dec||Radcot Bridge||
Conflict of Lords Appellant
Criticism of the way in which Richard II was being advised and how the country was being run led to a revolt by several of the barons.
Uprising of Glendower
What started as a land dispute between Owen Glendower, a wealthy land owner in Wales and his rival Lord Grey of Rutin quickly escalated to a revolt when the English King Henry IV sided with Rutin and awarded him the land.
|1402||14th Sep||Homildon Hill|
|1455||22nd May||St. Albans (First)||
War of the Roses
The battles of the War of the Roses took place between 1455 and 1487. The war was fought between supporters of several descendants of Edward III, the King of England from 1327 to 1377. The war was not a constant fight that affected the whole country and its population, but a series of battles spread out over the years between sets of supporters known as the Lancastrians and the Yorkists. Some of the battles were fought by thousands of men. The Battle of Towton being the largest and the bloodiest.
|1459||23rd Sept||Blore Heath|
|1459||12th Oct||Ludford Bridge|
|1461||2nd Feb||Mortimers Cross|
|1461||17th Feb||St. Albans (Second)|
|1487||16th June||Stoke Field|