Burgh, Hubert de (Earl of Kent)

 Born     Born At  
 Died  4 Mar 1243   Buried At  
Hubert de Burgh was a person of important during the reigns of Richard I, King John and Henry III. When William Marshal died in 1219 Hubert de Burgh took control of the country as Henry III was still too young to rule. de Burgh drove the foreign mercenaries, who had supported king John, out of the country. He regained important castles for the king (which ??) and dealt with the rebellious barons. He was driven from his position in 1232 by the Bishop of Winchester. de Burgh controlled three castles in South Wales, Grosmont, Skenfrith and White Castle. He married several times and was married to Margaret of Scotland, the daughter of William I, King of Scotland.

Family Tree Details
Burgh, Hubert de (Earl of Kent) ( - d.1243)
+Margaret (Daughter of William I of Scotland) ( - d.1259)

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YearMonthEvent
1190 - 1200 Construction on Skenfrith Castle
 Built by Hubert de Burgh this castle is one of the three he owned in the Welsh Marches. White Castle, and Grosmont Castle being the other two.[1] 
1201   Hubert de Burgh granted castles
 Hubert de Burgh was granted the three castles of White, Skenfrith and Grosmont in the Welsh Marches by King John. 
1217 Aug 24  Battle off Sandwich
 A fleet of French ships were defeated off the coast near Sandwich by Hubert de Burgh. The French fleet was commanded by Eustace the Monk, a pirate and mercenary who fought for both the French and English when it suited his needs. The French fleet were bringing more men and supplies to assist Prince Louis in his quest to take the English throne. The ship Eustace was on was captured and the monk was executed.

Episode: The First Barons' War  
 Sep 12  Treaty of Kingston
 The defeat of the French fleet left Prince Louis without much hope of taking the English throne. William Marshall blockaded London from the sea and land and at Lambeth Louis accepted peace terms. Louis waived his claim to the throne of England and should have restored Normandy to Henry but did not. Louis was paid 10,000 marks to ensure he left the country as soon as possible. William Marshall pardoned all those who had supported Louis.

Episode: The First Barons' War  
1219   William Marshal dies
 William Marshal is succeeded by Peter de Roches, Bishop of Winchester and Hubert de Burgh who was Justiciary. 
1220   Grosmont Castle building work
 Hubert de Burgh improved the defences at Grosmont Castle, including the gatehouse and towers.[2] 
1221   Hubert de Burgh
 Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury, travelled to Rome and left Hubert de Burgh in charge of affairs of the country. 
1223   Earls deprived of their castles
 Hubert de Burgh gets agreement that the rebel barons should give up their Earldoms and castles which were to be turned over to the crown. The Earls were slow in complying with the agreement.[3] 
   Hubert de Burgh builds a mansion
 Hubert de Burgh purchased land from Westminster Abbey on which he built a mansion. This building would be expanded over the years to become Whitehall Palace.[4] 
1224 Qtr 1  Henry reclaims castles
 All those castles that had been taken from King John were claimed back by Henry. Henry did not want to have untrustworthy Barons in control of strong castles. Fawkes de Breaute, one of the castle occupiers refused to relinquish his castle(s) and started a short rebellion. Stephen Langton and Hubert de Burgh dealt with Fawkes and the castles were handed over. (Need to find out which castles) 
 Jun  Bedford Castle siege
 The garrison at Bedford Castle, belonging to the rebel Falkes de Breute, refused to surrender to the Crown. Falkes had been repeated summonsed to account for his refusal to comply with agreement and when he refused to appear before the King the castle was surrounded. The castle fell when the keep was undermined. The garrison, who had surrendered the castle, were all hung on the order of the Justiciar. Falkes was allowed to leave the country but he lost all his possessions in doing so. Bedford Castle was badly damaged as a result.[2] 
1228   Montgomery Castle
 Hubert de Burgh took ownership of the old motte and bailey fort and finished its reconstruction as a stone castle. 
1231 Qtr 1  Hubert de Burgh in Wales
 Hubert de Burgh had become a powerful Lord in the Welsh Marshes, controlling castles such as Cardigan and Carmarthen. He began to threaten the local Welsh leaders. 
1232   Henry III removes Hubert de Burgh
 Henry III was persuaded to remove Hubert de Burgh. Hubert escaped from prison and took refuge in a church at Devizes. After being dragged from the church Hubert was re-imprisoned. The bishop of Salisbury forced the Government to return Hubert to the church where his supporters rescued him. 
1233 Qtr 1  Baronian rebellion
 With the introduction of Peter de Roches as justiciar and the removal of Hubert de Burgh, the control of the Exchequer was under Poitevin control and possibly reversed the gains created by the Magna Carta in 1215. Henry was given control of central administration. This angered the Barons and a group led by Richard Marshall, Earl of Pembroke opposed the changes. Henry was able to deal with the Barons.[5] 
 Nov  Rout of Henry's army
 Henry III's army was camped at Grosmont Castle when they were attacked in the night by a force of Welsh and English rebels. Several of Henry's supporters were captured and the castle was returned to Hubert de Burgh, one of the rebels.[2] 

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