Edward (of Lancaster, Prince of Wales)

 Born  13 Oct 1453   Born At  
 Died  4 May 1471   Buried At  
 Father  Henry (VI, King of England 1422-1461, 1470-1471)   Mother  Margaret (of Anjou)
The only son of King Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou was Edward of Lancaster who was born at Westminster on the 13th of October, 1453. He was born during the period when the King was suffering from severe mental illness that prevented him from governing the kingdom. There were rumours that Edward was not the King's son but of one of Margaret's supporters. Edward was created Prince of Wales by Margaret while the King was unwell. Edward was born into a conflict between his father, a Lancastrian, and the Yorkists. The Lancastrians and Yorkists were fighting for the throne of England. The conflict is now known as the Wars of the Roses. During Edward's infancy he was looked after by his mother who led the fight against the Yorkists after Henry VI was captured. Margaret won several important battles but after defeat at the Battle of Towton fled first to Scotland and then to France. In France Edward was given a good education in preparation for his possible role as King of England. In 1470 Edward married Anne Neville. Anne was the daughter of Richard Neville, the Kingmaker. Richard had originally supported the Yorkists but changed sides and met up with Margaret in France to help Henry VI regain the English throne. In 1471 Margaret and Edward landed back in England but at the Battle of Tewkesbury the Lancastrians were defeated and Edward was dead.


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1453 Oct 13  Prince Edward of Lancaster is born
 Edward of Westminster, also known as Edward of Lancaster, King Henry's and Margaret of Anjou's only son, was born at Westminster.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
1463 Jul  10yrsQueen Margaret returns to France
 Warwick took an army north to deal with the new threat from Queen Margaret. The Lancastrians had laid seige to Norham Castle on the Scottish border. Under the control of the Earl of Warwick, the Yorkists again proved too powerful for the Lancastrians and with her invasion plans in ruin Margaret decided to return to France. She took Prince Edward with her.[1]

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
1470 Jul 25  17yrsBetrothal of Prince Edward and Anne Neville
 The betrothal of Prince Edward and Anne Neville formed part of the agreement between Queen Margaret and the Kingmaker to put King Henry VI back on the English throne. The act taking place at the Cathedral of Angers,[1]

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
 Dec 13  Marriage of Edward of Lancaster and Anne Neville
 The marriage between Edward of Lancaster, the son of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou, to Anne Neville, the daughter of Richard Neville the Kingmaker was a marriage to cement the agreement that Richard and Margaret would support each other and try to get Henry VI back on the English throne. The marriage took place in France at the Chateau d'Amboise where Margaret and Edward were exiled.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
1471 Apr 14  18yrsQueen Margaret lands at Weymouth
 Queen Margaret (wife of Henry VI) and her son Edward the prince of Wales landed at Weymouth on the very same day as the battle of Barnet. Their intention was to assist the Earl of Warwick, but she arrived too late. Determined to avenge the Barnet defeat, the Queen and her army marched north towards Wales and men she could count on to join her army. Edward had thought of this and to cut the Queen off from Wales, had taken control of the bridges across the River Severn. 
 May 4  The Battle of Tewkesbury
 The Yorkists led by King Edward IV and his brother Richard Duke of Gloucester met the Lancastrians at Tewkesbury. Richard was able to outflank the Lancastrians led by Edmund Beaufort, the self-proclaimed Duke of Somerset. Once Somerset's men had been dealt with, Richard attacked the rear of the Lancastrian line which broke apart and fled. Many of the Lancastrian leaders were caught and killed including Edward the Prince of Wales. Margaret of Anjou was also captured.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  

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