Family Tree Details
Eleanor (of Aquitaine) (b.1122 - d.1204)
+Louis (VII, The Young, King of France, 1137-1180) (b.1121 - d.1180) | =Mary (of Champagne) (b.1145 - ) | =Alice (Daughter of Eleanor of Aquitaine) (b.1150 - ) +Henry (II, King of England 1154-1189) (b.1133 - d.1189) =William (b.1153 - d.1156) =Henry ('the Young King') (b.1155 - d.1183) | +Margaret (Young Queen of England) (b.1158 - d.1197) =Matilda (b.1156 - d.1189) | +Henry (Duke of Saxony) | =Otto (IV, Roman Emperor) (b.1182 - d.1218) =Richard (I, King of England 1189-1199) (b.1157 - d.1199) | +Berengaria (of Navarre, Queen of England) (b.1165 - d.1230) =Geoffrey (Duke of Brittany) (b.1158 - d.1186) | +Constance (of Brittany) | =Eleanor (Fair Maid of Brittany) ( - d.1241) | =Arthur (of Brittany) (b.1187 - d.1204) =Eleanor (of England) (b.1162 - d.1214) | +Alfonso (VIII, King of Castile) (b.1155 - d.1214) | =Blanche (of Castile) (b.1188 - d.1252) | +Louis (VIII, The Lion, King of France 1223-1226) ( - d.1226) | =LOUIS (IX, King of France, St. Louis) (b.1214 - d.1270) =Joan (of England, Queen of Sicily) (b.1165 - d.1199) | +William (II, King of Sicily) | +Raymond (VI, Count of Toulouse) | =Raymond (VII, Count of Toulouse) =John (King of England 1199-1216) (b.1167 - d.1216) +Isabella of Gloucester ( - d.1217) +Isabella (of Angouleme) =Henry (III, King of England 1216-1272) (b.1207 - d.1272) | +Eleanor (of Provence) | =Edward (I, King of England 1272-1307) (b.1239 - d.1307) | =Edmund (Crouchback, Earl of Lancaster) (b.1245 - d.1296) | =Margaret ( - d.1275) | =Beatrice ( - d.1275) =Richard (Earl of Cornwall) (b.1209 - d.1272) =Joan (Daughter of King John) (b.1210 - d.1238) | +Alexander (II, King of Scotland 1198-1249) (b.1198 - d.1249) =Isabelle (b.1214 - d.1241) =Eleanor (Daughter of King John) (b.1215 - d.1275) +Marshal, William (the younger) +Montfort, Simon de ( - d.1265) =Montfort, Henry de ( - d.1265)
St. Bernard's sermon at Vézelay so moved Eleanor of Aquitaine that she vowed to go on Crusade.
King Louis VII of France and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine began their Crusade. They declared Abbot Suger regent of France,
The marriage of King Louis VII of France and his wife Eleanor of Aquitaine was annulled. The reason for the divorce was given as consanguinity which means both Louis and Eleanor shared a common ancestor. But the marriage had never been a happy one and Eleanor had been accused of adultery while accompanying Louis on crusade to the Holy Land in 1149.
Only two months after Eleanor of Aquitaine's marriage to Louis VII, king of France was annulled, she married Henry of Anjou - future king of England - Henry II.
A triumphant Henry returned to Rouen in Normandy to a warm reception from his family including Eleanor and his eight month old son William.
Henry of Normandy was crowned as King Henry II of England, and Eleanor of Aquitaine was crowned Queen, at Westminster Abbey.
Eleanor gave birth to Henry at Bermondsey Palace in London.
The Palace at Westminster had been badly damaged by Stephen's supporters at the time of the Anarchy and it had become unfit as a Royal residence. Thomas Becket was given the task of repairing the buildings and by the summer of the same year Eleanor was able to move in.
Birth of Geoffrey Plantagenet.
Eleanor of Aquitaine gave birth to a daughter at Rouen. The girl was named Eleanor after he mother.
Henry II and Eleanor's marriage is effectively ended when she moves back to Aquitaine leaving Henry to rebuild England after the civil war in Stephen's reign.
Arthur of Brittany and the Lusignans had laid siege to Mirabeau Castle trapping Eleanor of Aquitaine inside. King John launched a rescue mission to free her. Arthur was captured by William de Braose and was handed over to King John. Many other important knights were also captured and it was an important and famous victory for the English king. Those that were captured were treated badly by King John. He could have ransomed them for their freedom and made a lot of money, instead he kept them prisoner locked in dungeons. Some he had shipped to England and imprisoned. Arthur was sent to the dungeon in the castle at Falaise in Normandy.
Eleanor, Henry II's wife and John's mother died.
Selection of references used:
Explore the White Tower
Explore all four floors of the White Tower at the Tower of London using the Unity 3d game engine.
A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?