Family Tree Details
Ferdinand (II, King of Aragon 1479-1516) (b.1452 - d.1516)
+Isabella (of Castile) (b.1451 - d.1504) =Isabella (Queen of Portugal) (b.1470 - d.1498) =Maria (Queen of Portugal) =John (Prince of Asturias) ( - d.1497) =Catherine (of Aragon) (b.1485 - d.1536) | +Arthur (Prince of Wales) (b.1486 - d.1502) | +Henry (VIII, King of England 1509-1547) (b.1491 - d.1547) | =Mary (I, Queen of England 1553-1558, Bloody Mary, Mary Tudor) (b.1516 - d.1558) | +Philip (II, King of Spain 1556-1598) (b.1527 - d.1598) =Joanna (of Castile, The Mad)
The eighteen-year-old Isabella, heir to the King of Castile married her cousin Ferdinand, the heir to the King of Aragon. Ferdinand was seventeen.
Ferdinand became the King of Aragon, and as his wife Isabella was a princess of Castile, two of the most powerful Christain states in Spain were united. At this time the Iberian peninsula was divided into five areas, Portugal on the west coast, Granada on the south coast, Navarre on the north coast, Aragon on the east coast and taking most of the centre was Castile. Castile and Aragon were the largest of the five.
This treaty signed between Portugal and Castile marked the end of the war over the succession to the throne of Castile. Alphonso of Portugal gave up his claim of the throne of Castile and not to marry Joanna of Castile. Joanna agreed to become a nun and remain in Portugal. In return Isabella of Castile gave up claims to some territories that Portugal had claims to. Isabella also pardoned those nobles in Castile that had supported Joanna and Alphonso.
Christopher Columbus signed an agreement with Ferdinand and Isabella, the King and Queen of Spain, He specified that he should be given ten percent of any materials that he found on his explorations, for example spices, gems, gold and silver. He also specified that he would fund one eighth of the expedition if in return he received an eighth of the profits. He also wanted to be made Viceroy of all lands that he discovered.
At Venice it was decided to put a force together to remove King Charles of France from Italy. It was signed by the Pope, Ferdinand of Aragon, Maximilian the Holy Roman Emperor, the Ruler of Milan and also had the backing of Venice itself.
When Isabella of Castile died many of her children were also dead. The rule of Castile passed to Joanna her eldest surviving daughter. But Joanna's mental state was in question and Isabella had stated in her will that Ferdinand her husband would act a regent if Joanna was unable to rule.
Pope Julius II gave permission for the marriage between Catherine of Aragon and Henry VIII. The legality of the marriage was in question because Catherine had been married to Henry's elder brother Arthur.