lexander III, the king of Scotland, died leaving no heir as both of his children were already dead. Margaret, commonly known as the Maid of Norway, was Alexander's granddaughter and as such was next in line for the Scottish throne. Her mother was Alexander's only daughter and her father was Erik II, the king of Norway. Born in 1283, Margaret was only three years old when her grandfather died. Edward I, the king of England declared that she should be the next ruler of the Scots and that she should marry his son, the future king of England Edward II. Margaret took a ship from Norway in 1290 to Scotland but suffered an illness during the voyage and died. Her death was followed by the first Interregnum, during which period a court controlled by Edward I decided who the next king of the Scots should be.
Alexander III of Scotland died leaving no male heir. The King died because he ignored advice from his men to not travel in bad weather back from Edinburgh Castle back to see his wife across the Firth of Forth where she was living. The King managed to take the ferry across the river but at midnight disappeared into the dark and was found dead the next day. Margaret the 'Maid of Norway' was next in line for the Scottish throne because her mother was the only one of Alexander's children that had any offspring.
The Treaty of Brigham saw agreement for the marriage of Margaret the Maid of Norway to the first Prince of Wales Edward. Margaret was the granddaughter of Alexander III the king of Scotland and was the successor to the Scottish crown. The death of Margaret on the voyage led to disputed succession in Scotland. ¹
Margaret, the 'Maid of Norway', granddaughter of Alexander III and next in line for the Scottish crown was travelling to Scotland when she died on Orkney during the voyage.
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Selection of references used:
1. J.D. Mackie, A History of Scotland, 1978, ISBN:0-7139-1206-5