Robert (III, King of Scotland 1390-1406)

 Born     Born At  
 Died  1406   Buried At  
 Father  Robert (II, King of the Scots 1371-1390)   Mother  Mure, Elizabeth
Originally called John, he used the name Robert when he came to the throne when his father Robert II died in 1390. Robert had been injured by a horse's kick a few years earlier and suffered from a permanent injury. This injury meant Robert was unable to rule unaided and so he was helped by his younger brother also called Robert. The younger brother became duke of Albany and is usually known under this name. Albany became too powerful and after the death of Annabella, the King's wife, he had the King's eldest son David locked up in Falkland Palace where in 1402 he died. In 1406 the King attempted to have James, his next son, transported to France away from Albany's reach but James' ship was attacked by pirates and the boy was captured. James was handed over to the English where he was held a prisoner. The capture of James left King Robert without hope and he died the same year. James was the rightful heir to the Scottish throne but he would not be crowned until his release from the English in 1423.


Do you want to explore a Saxon Hall, a medieval church or a large stone keep? Click the images below to enter a medieval world.

1337 Aug 14  Robert III is born at Scone
 Robert (III), the future king of Scotland, was born at Scone. 
1390 Apr 19  Robert III becomes King of the Scots
 Robert II, king of the Scots died at the age of seventy-four and was succeeded by Robert III who ruled from 1390 to 1406. Robert II was buried at Scone Abbey.[1] 
1400 Aug  Henry invades Scotland
 To stop the Scots raiding the northern borders of England Henry took an army into Scotland. The Scottish king Robert III did not concede defeat and Henry had to resort to minor raids of his own without any real outcome for either side.[2] 
1402 Mar  Death of David Stewart
 David, the eldest son of Robert III, King of Scotland, was arrested by his uncle, Robert the duke of Albany and locked up in Falkland Palace where he died in 1402. This led to James I becoming the next king of Scotland. 
1406 Mar  James (I) captured by the English
 Robert III had fled from the Duke of Albany to Rothesay Castle and had attempted to send his son James to France. English pirates intercepted James and he was sent to London and imprisoned. 
 Apr  James I of Scotland
 With the death of Robert III, King of the Scots, James I was the new King of Scotland but as he was imprisoned by the English, his uncle Robert, Duke of Albany, acted as Regent until James' release in 1424.[1] 
 Apr  Robert III dies
 Robert III, King of Scotland died at Rothesay Castle. His son James, although the rightful heir to the Scottish throne, was not crowned until 1424. 

View walkthroughs of the TimeRef Virtual Medieval Abbey reconstruction.




Please note that this area should be showing an interactive map of events. This area will not show if you are currently using an older version of web browser. The map viewer viewer has been tested on IE9 and the latest versions of Firefox and Chrome.