Family Tree Details
William (I, the Lion, King of Scotland 1165-1214) ( - d.1214)
+Beaumont, Ermengarde de ( - d.1233) =Alexander (II, King of Scotland 1198-1249) (b.1198 - d.1249) | +Joan (Daughter of King John) (b.1210 - d.1238) | +Coucy, Marie de | =Alexander (III, King of Scotland 1249-1286) ( - d.1286) | +Margaret ( - d.1275) | =Alexander (son of Alexander III) ( - d.1284) | =David (son of Alexander III) ( - d.1281) | =Margaret (daughter of Alexander III) =Margaret (Daughter of William I of Scotland) ( - d.1259) | +Burgh, Hubert de (Earl of Kent) ( - d.1243) =Isabella (Daughter of William I of Scotland) =Marjorie (Daughter of William I of Scotland) ( - d.1244)
On the death of Malcolm IV his brother, William, became the king of the Scots. William was crowned at Scone.
William I, king of Scotland invaded England to help fight in the baronial rebellion against Henry II. The Scottish King attacked the castle at Prudhoe but was unable to capture it. William was captured at the Battle of Alnwick and the rebellion came to an end. He was transported to Falaise in Normandy where he would later sign a peace treaty.
Captured by the English, William I of Scotland was forced to sign the Treaty of Falaise. The treaty made Scotland a feudal possession of England and William and his nobles swore fealty to Henry II. William had to hand over several castles to the English in return for his freedom. One of these was Stirling Castle.This treaty was overruled by King Richard I in return for funds paid by Scotland that Richard needed for his crusade in 1189.
William I of Scotland gave Richard I of England 10,000 marks for the Crusade. This overturned the Treaty of Falaise which William had to sign when captured in 1174.
During a tour of the Midlands, John received homage from William 'the Lyon', King of Scotland at Lincoln. William was looking to move into the areas of Northumberland, Cumberland, and Westmoreland. John on the other hand ensured that those areas were controlled by Barons he could trust.
William, King of the Scots was prepared to give John his eldest son, Alexander as hostage to keep the peace between the two countries. William was also eager that Alexander should become King of the Scots after himself. Earning the trust of John was to be repaid later when John sent an army to Scotland to help William put down a rebellion.
William, the King of Scotland died.
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