The Peasant's Revolt
The country was feeling the affects of the Black Death that had left a good proportion of the country's population dead. In 1381 a series of revolts erupted in England protesting against the enforced collection of high taxes. Some tax collectors were killed as they tried to gather the taxes. Several separate revolts began in different parts of the country including Yorkshire and Kent but the separate rebel groups all headed for London to join forces under the leadership of the mysterious Wat Tyler. The Archbishop of Canterbury, Simon of Sudbury, was killed by the rebels. Richard II met the rebels twice in London, first at Mile End and then at Smithfield the following day. At this second meeting Wat Tyler was killed and the peasants were only prevented in escalating their violence by Richard himself. He bravely rode towards the rebels and promised that their grievances would be heard.