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Family Tree Details
Fulk (V, of Anjou) ( - d.1143)
+Ermentrude | =Geoffrey (Plantagenet, 'The Fair', Count of Anjou) ( - d.1151) | | +Matilda (Daughter of Henry I) (b.1102 - d.1167) | | =Henry (II, King of England 1154-1189) (b.1133 - d.1189) | | | +Eleanor (of Aquitaine) (b.1122 - d.1204) | | | | =William (b.1153 - d.1156) | | | | =Henry ('the Young King') (b.1155 - d.1183) | | | | =Matilda (b.1156 - d.1189) | | | | =Richard (I, King of England 1189-1199) (b.1157 - d.1199) | | | | =Geoffrey (Duke of Brittany) (b.1158 - d.1186) | | | | =Eleanor (of England) (b.1162 - d.1214) | | | | =Joan (of England, Queen of Sicily) (b.1165 - d.1199) | | | | =John (King of England 1199-1216) (b.1167 - d.1216) | | | +Illegitimate | | | =Plantagenet, Geoffrey (Archbishop of York) | | | =Longsword, William | | =Geoffrey (VI of Anjou) | | =William (Count of Paitin) (b.1136 - d.1164) | =Matilda (daughter of Fulk V) | =Sybil (of Anjou) +Melisende (of Jerusalem) (b.1105 - d.1161) =Baldwin (III, King of Jerusalem 1143-1162) (b.1131 - d.1162) =Amalric (I, King of Jerusalem, 1162 - 1174) (b.1136 - d.1174) +Comnena, Maria (b.1154 - )
Geoffrey Plantagenet was the son of Fulk V, the count of Anjou. Geoffrey would marry Matilda, the daughter of Henry I, King of England.
Fulk V of Anjou married his daughter Matilda to William Adelin, heir to the English crown. Wanting to go on Crusade, Fulk needed to ensure security and a marriage between his family and the English crown could help.
King Henry of England arranged the marriage of his daughter Matilda to Geoffrey, the son of Fulk of Anjou. This was done to ensure an alliance between England and Anjou and to prevent Fulk allying himself with Louis VI of France. A previous marriage proposal between's Henry's son William and and Fulk's daughter came to nothing when William was drowned during a sea crossing from Normandy to England in 1120. Matilda had been married to Henry V of Germany, but he died in 1125 and Matilda had returned to England.
Hugh de Payen travelled around France starting with a visit to Fulk of Anjou who had become an associate member of the Knights Templar order in 1120. Support and donations across Europe for the Templars increased. The visits lasted during April and May.
Henry I arranged a marriage between his daughter Matilda and the son of Fulk V of Anjou, Geoffrey Plantagenet. He had previously arranged a marriage between his son William Adelin to Fulk's daughter also called Matilda, but William had died when the 'White Ship' sank returning the Prince from Normandy. Geoffrey and Matilda were married in St. Julien's Cathedral in Le Mans, Maine (France).
Fulk V married Melisende, the heir to the Kingdom of Jerusalem. Fulk gave up his title of Count of Anjou which passed to his son Geoffrey Plantagenet.
King Baldwin of Jerusalem died and Fulk V, who had married the King's daughter Melisende, became the King of Jerusalem.
When his father Fulk died, Baldwin became king of Jerusalem. But at only 13 years of age Baldwin was too young to rule unaided. He was made co-ruler of the Crusader state along side his mother Melisende.
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A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?