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|Died||25 Aug 1270||Buried At|
|Father||Louis (VIII, The Lion, King of France 1223-1226)||Mother||Blanche (of Castile)|
Family Tree Details
|Father:||Louis (VIII, The Lion, King of France 1223-1226) ( - d.1226)|
|Mother:||Blanche (of Castile) (b.1188 - d.1252)|
LOUIS (IX, King of France, St. Louis) ( - d.1270)
+Margaret (of Provence) =Philippe (III, King of France 1270-1285) ( - d.1285) +Isabella (of Aragon) ( - d.1271) =Philippe (IV, The Fair, King of France 1285-1314) ( - d.1314) | +Joan (of Champagne) | =Isabella (of France, Wife of Edward II) ( - d.1358) | =Louis (X, The Headstrong, King of France 1314-1316) ( - d.1316) | =Philippe (V, the Tall, King of France 1316-1322) ( - d.1322) | =Charles (IV, the Fair, King of France 1322-1328) ( - d.1328) =Charles (Count of Valois, Anjou and Maine) +Margaret (of Anjou, m. Charles Valois) =Philippe (VI, King of France 1328-1350) ( - d.1350)
With the fall of Jerusalem and the crushing defeat of the Christian armies at Gaza, Louis IX took the cross and prepared for a Crusade. (It took him four years to set sail).
After the Christians were defeated at Gaza in 1244, Louis IX of France (St. Louis) took the cross. He actually managed to set sail for Cyprus, his base some four years later. Landing at Damietta in June 1249, Louis, he to wait until the Nile floods had reduced before continuing for Cairo. Held up and cut off from Damietta, Louis' camp was struck with disease and most were killed or captured. Louis was taken prisoner, and had to pay a ransom to be freed.
While her son, Louis IX of France, was away taking part in the Crusades Blance of Castile ruled France. She did this until her death in 1252.
A treaty between Louis IX of France and James I of Aragon. Both sides gave up ownership of certain lands in exchange for peace.
Also known as the treaty of Albeville/Abbeville. A treaty between Louis IX of France and Henry III in which Henry agreed to the loss of Normandy, Maine, Anjou and Poitou. These areas had been lost under the reign of King John. Henry was able to keep the lands of Gascony and parts of Aquitaine. This won Henry the support of Louis IX of France against the rebellious Barons back in England.
Louis IX held a court at Amiens to decide if Henry should be freed from the obligations forced upon him by the Provisions of Oxford in 1258 by the Barons. Louis agreed that Henry should be freed and ruled against the Barons.
Louis IX once again set out on Crusade, not to the east but towards Tunis. Charles, the brother of Louis, influenced the direction as Charles had plans in the East (?). At Cathage in July, the plague broke out and in August Louis died.
Pope Boniface VIII made King Louis IX of France a saint of the Church twenty seven years after his death whilst on crusade.
Selection of references used:
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