Philippe (IV, The Fair, King of France 1285-1314)

 Born     Born At  
 Died  29 Nov 1314   Buried At  
 Father  Philippe (III, King of France 1270-1285)   Mother  Isabella (of Aragon)
King of France, from 1285 to 1314, Philippe was ruling when the orders to crush the Knights Templars were given. Philippe's financial difficulties which may have led to the downfall of the Templars as Philippr owed them money, was caused by huge expenditure trying to expand his territory. Money was spent on rents, civil servants and military operations. To get some of the money back, Philippe first picked on the Jews and money lenders, whose assets he confiscated and paid to the crown. He then confiscated the assets of the Lombards, Italian bankers within France. The Templars, as the King's bankers were a good target, as by removing them, Philippe effectively removed his debt to them.

Philippe died in 1314, of a hunting accident, a strange coincidence, as at the burning of the Templar's leaders at the stake, Jacques de Molay was to say that Pope Clement V would die within forty days and King Philippe would not see in the end of the year. Pope Clement V died on 20 April 1314.

Philippe IV was succeeded by three of his sons, Louis X (1314-16), Philippe V (1316-22) and Charles IV (1322-28), but they all died young without sons of their own. They were succeeded by Philippe VI, the start of the Valois line which extended to the end of the sixteenth century.

Family Tree Details
Father: Philippe (III, King of France 1270-1285) ( - d.1285)
Mother: Isabella (of Aragon) ( - d.1271)
Philippe (IV, The Fair, King of France 1285-1314) ( - d.1314)
+Joan (of Champagne) =Isabella (of France, Wife of Edward II) ( - d.1358) | +Edward (II, King of England 1307-1327) (b.1284 - d.1327) | =Edward (III, King of England 1327-1377) (b.1312 - d.1377) | | +Philippa (of Hainault) (b.1314 - d.1369) | | =Edward (The Black Prince) (b.1330 - d.1376) | | | +Joan (of Kent) (b.1328 - d.1385) | | | =Edward (of Angouleme) (b.1365 - d.1372) | | | =Richard (II, King of England 1377-1399) (b.1367 - d.1400) | | =Isabella (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1382) | | =Joan (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1348) | | =William (Son of Edward III) | | =Lionel (of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence) (b.1338 - d.1368) | | | +Elizabeth (de Burgh) ( - d.1363) | | | | =Philippa (daughter of Lionel Duke of Clarence) | | | +Visconti, Violante | | =John (of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster) ( - d.1399) | | | +Blanche (of Lancaster) ( - d.1369) | | | | =Henry (IV, King of England 1399-1413) (b.1367 - d.1413) | | | | =Philippa, (daughter of John of Gaunt) | | | | =Elizabeth (daughter of John of Gaunt) | | | +Constance (of Castile) ( - d.1394) | | | | =Katherine (of Lancaster) (b.1372 - d.1418) | | | +Swynford, Catherine | | | =Beaufort, John (1st Earl of Somerset) ( - d.1410) | | | =Beaufort, Henry (Cardinal-Bishop of Winchester) (b.1376 - d.1447) | | | =Beaufort, Thomas (Duke of Exeter) ( - d.1426) | | | =Beaufort, Joan (daughter of John of Gaunt) (b.1379 - d.1440) | | =Edmund (of Langley, Duke of York) ( - d.1402) | | | +Isabella (of Castile) | | | =Edward (Duke of York) ( - d.1415) | | | =Richard (Earl of Cambridge) ( - d.1415) | | =Mary (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1362) | | =Margaret (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1361) | | =Thomas (of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester) ( - d.1397) | =John (Earl of Cornwall) ( - d.1336) | =Joan (Daughter of Edward II) | | +David (II, King of the Scots 1329-1371) ( - d.1371) | =Eleanor (Daughter of Edward II) | +Reginald (Duke of Guelderland) =Louis (X, The Headstrong, King of France 1314-1316) ( - d.1316) | +Margaret (of Burgundy) (b.1290 - d.1315) | | =Joan (II, of Navarre) ( - d.1349) | +Clemence (of Hungary) | =John (I, King of France 1316) (b.1316 - d.1316) =Philippe (V, the Tall, King of France 1316-1322) ( - d.1322) =Charles (IV, the Fair, King of France 1322-1328) ( - d.1328)

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Partial Personal Timeline

1286   Edward and Eleanor go to France
 Edward I and his wife Eleanor of Castile travelled to France and were away from England for three years. They went to pay homage to King Philippe IV of France and to attend to other matters. 
1289   Philippe obtained the area of Quercy
 Expanding his territories, Philippe obtained Quercy in exchange for a yearly sum.[1] 
1291   Beaugency is bought by Philippe
 Expanding lands once again, Philippe buys Beaugency.[1] 
1293   Philippe obtains Maguellone and Montpellier
 Philippe added the bishopric of Maguellone and the east side of Montpellier to his domains.[1] 
1294   Outrage at Philippe's actions
 Edward I concluded a marriage agreement between his son Edward (II) and Philippa, the daughter of Guy, Count of Flanders. Aware of possible dangers of this alliance, Philippe, king of France invited Guy and his wife to Paris where he kidnapped and imprisoned them. Because of the general outrage at this action, Philippe was forced to free Guy and his wife, but to prevent the marriage, Philippa was brought to Paris where she was held as a hostage. She was twelve years old at the time. 
 May  Philippe IV confiscates Gascony
 Philippe IV, king of France confiscated Gascony. 
1296 Summer  Philippe IV threatens Edward
 Philippe the King of France took the opportunity of Edward's troubles in England to threaten the lands that Edward held from in France.  
1297 Jan  Marriage proposal
 In response to the fear that the King of France would try to take back some of the lands Edward held in France, Edward I arranged a marriage between his son Edward and Philippa, the daughter of the Count of Flanders, an enemy of the King of France. 
1299 Sep  Edward marries
 Edward I married Philippe's sister Margaret and his son, Edward (II), married Philippe's daughter Isabella. 
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