Henry (V, King of England 1413-1422)

 Born  1387   Born At  Monmouth Castle
 Died  31 Aug 1422   Buried At  Westminster Abbey
 Father  Henry (IV, King of England 1399-1413)   Mother  Bohun, Mary
Preceded by  Henry (IV, King of England 1399-1413) Succeeded by  Henry (VI, King of England 1422-1461, 1470-1471)
 Royal House   Lancaster

Titles Include

King of England from 1413 to 1422

Origins

enry is believed to have been born sometime in 1387 in the gatehouse of Monmouth Castle. He was the eldest son of Bolingbroke (later to be Henry IV) and Mary Bohun. In October 1399 Bolingbroke claimed the English throne and had Richard II imprisoned and possibly ordered his murder.

Wales

Shortly after becoming King Bolingbroke knighted his sons and made his eldest son, Henry, the Prince of Wales. In August of 1400, although only around twelve years old, Henry accompanied the King first to the north of England where Robert III of Scotland was raiding the border country and then to Wales where Owain Glyndwr was in revolt. The king left Henry in Chester with the task of defeating Glyndwr. To help the young prince the king gave him Henry Percy more commonly known as Hotspur. Hotspur was a member of the Percy family from the north of England who had helped Bolingbroke become King. In 1401 Hotspur resigned his position due to lack of funds from the king and returned to the north to help his family fight the Scots. By 1403 Henry at the age of fifteen was in control of the army fighting the Welsh and in July of that year, when Hotspur and the Percys rebelled against the king, the prince fought at the king's side at the battle of Shrewsbury where Hotspur was killed. The conflict with the Welsh took up Henry's time until 1409 and the fall of Harlech Castle to the English.

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YearMonthAgeEvent
1387 Apr  Future Henry V born
 It is believed that Henry, the future king of England Henry V, was born at the gatehouse tower of Monmouth castle in late summer. His father was Henry Bolingbroke the future Henry IV king of England and his mother was Mary de Bohun. Mary was seventeen when Henry was born.[1] 
1399 Oct 15  12yrsA new Prince of Wales
 Bolingbroke's son Henry, Prince of Monmouth, was made Prince of Wales. The Prince was not the true heir to the English throne as this honour fell to the young Earl of March, but Henry would become Henry V, king of England.[1] 
1401   14yrsHotspur takes control in North Wales
 Henry IV gave his son Prince Henry, the future Henry V, the task of defeating Glyndwr in North Wales. As the boy was only 13 years old, Hotspur a knight and jouster of importance was given the role of guardian over the Prince. Hotspur was the son of Henry Percy the Earl of Northumberland.[1]

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
 Jun  Hotspur resigns
 After accusing the king of not paying his army, Hotspur resigned his guardianship of the king's son in North Wales and he left to resume fighting the Scots.[1]

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1403   16yrsPrince Henry in command
 Prince Henry, now sixteen, took control of this army in Wales. He took his troops looking for Owain Glyndwr but could not find him and so burnt villages and killed any prisoners that were taken. Henry's main problem, like Hotspur's before him was that the King was not providing enough money to pay the English troops.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1405 Spring  18yrsBattles of Grosmont and Usk
 English forces fought and defeated Welsh forces in two battles at Grosmont and Usk. Sir John Talbot defeated Glyndwr at Grosmont and Prince Henry forced the Welsh to flee at Usk. Glyndwr's eldest son was captured at Usk and sent to the Tower of London where he died.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1407   20yrsPrince Henry besieges Aberystwyth
 Prince Henry laid siege to the castle at Aberystwyth in an attempt to remove the Welsh who had captured it in 1404.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1408 Autumn  21yrsAberystwyth falls to Henry
 The Welsh surrender the castle at Aberyswyth. They had held out for a year. Prince Henry had tried destroying the castle with canons but had no success.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
 Winter  Henry IV very ill
 The King's mysterious illness had resurfaced and he was extremely ill and close to death. Prince Henry was temporarily put in control of the country. 
1413 Apr 9  26yrsHenry V crowned
 Henry V was crowned at Westminster Abbey. The ceremony was marked by a very bad snow storm but people were unable to decide if this was a bad omen or a good one. 
 Autumn  Sir John Oldcastle arrested
 As the leader of the Lollards, the friend of the King was arrested and sent to the Tower of London. 
 Dec  Richard II's body moved
 In an act of respect to Richard II, Henry had the dead king's body moved to its proper resting place in Westminster Abbey. 
1414   27yrsAlien Priories confiscated
 Alien priories were those in England who were dependant on usually French mother houses. During the Hundred Years War these priories were seen as a security risk. They also were a means of transferring much needed English money to France. A law was passed confiscating these priories. Many were transferred over to other religious orders.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Apr  Parliament at Leicester
 Parliament agreed to give Henry V the money to invade France. Those that opposed the plans included Earl Marshal, Ralph Neville, who believed there was a better chance of subduing Scotland than France.[2] 
 Summer  Henry claims French territories
 France was in the midst of a civil war between the Burgundians and the Armagnacs. Charles VI, the king of France, had joined the Armagnacs. Henry came in on the side of the Burgundians and saw the opportunity to reclaim lost lands in France. Henry's plan was to invade France but he needed a good reason. He gave the French king a list of demands including the French throne, the restoration of the Angevin empire and the hand of the king's daughter in marriage. If the demands could not be met Henry could go to war.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
1415 Aug 1  28yrsPlot to overthrow the King
 Led by Richard Earl of Cambridge, Henry's cousin, a plot to assassinate the King and replace him with the Earl of March who was the true heir to the throne was hatched. The revolt brought together all the old enemies of Henry including Lord Scrope (Archbishop Scrope's nephew) and the Lollards. The Earl of March whose loyalties were with the king informed Henry of the plot the night before and the rebels were arrested. Several were executed.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Aug 11  Henry sails for France
 Preparations for war were complete and Henry's army set sail from Southampton for the French coast.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Aug 16  English fleets lands in Normandy
 Henry's army landed on the north bank of the Seine estuary near to the town of Harfleur (now part of Le Havre). Henry organised the siege of the town and waited for it to fall.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Sep 22  Harfleur falls to the English
 The town held out for five weeks in which time the English soldiers were starting to suffer from disease caught from their camps in the marshes. The people in the town were not doing much better and when it was clear that the town was not going to be rescued, the citizens surrendered. Henry treated the towns people with respect and let them leave.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Oct 8  The march to Calais
 Henry's plans for invading France had been dented by the time it took to capture Harfleur and the affect of disease on his men. He decided to move his men to Calais which was under English control.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Oct 19  Henry crosses the Somme
 Henry's plan was to get across the Somme at its estuary where it was relatively easy to cross but he received word that the crossing was being guarded by the French. Henry had no other choice but to follow the west bank of the Somme south into French territory to find a suitable crossing point. His men were short of food as Henry had told them to take only a few day's supplies expecting them to reach Calais. Henry finally found a crossing point that was unguarded and his army crossed the Somme.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Oct 25  The Battle of Agincourt
 The English army met the French army near the town of Agincourt. Although the English were outnumbered three to one, Henry used the local terrain to his advantage. The French cavalry were hit heavily by the English archers and French knights got bogged down in the wet fields. The French were defeated and Henry ordered that no prisoners should be taken apart from the extremely important knights who could be ransomed. The death toll amongst the French nobility was high.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Nov  Henry returns to England
 After a few weeks recovering in Calais from their ordeal, Henry and the English army returned to England to a hero's welcome.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
1417 Aug  30yrsHenry V lands in Normandy
 King Henry began his second French campaign when he and his large army landed at Trouville on the north coast of Normandy.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
1419 Jan 19  32yrsRouen surrenders to Henry
 The city of Rouen in Normandy surrendered to the English King after a siege of seven months.[3]

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
1420 May 21  33yrsTreaty of Troyes
 Henry V pledged to recover all the lands of the dauphin Charles and (24.5) Henry recognised as heir to the French throne.
[4]

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Jun 2  Henry marries
 The marriage of Henry and Catherine the daughter of Charles VI king of France sealed the Treaty of Troyes.  
1421 Feb 23  34yrsQueen Catherine crowned
 Queen Catherine was crowned at Westminster Abbey.  
 Oct 6  Siege of Meaux begins
 King Henry began the siege of the city of Meaux.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Dec 6  Birth of Henry (VI)
 Prince Henry (later Henry VI) was born at Windsor. 
1422 May  35yrsMeaux falls to the English
 The French town of Meaux finally fell to the English besiegers. This being Henry's last great victory against the French.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  
 Aug 31  Henry V dies
 Henry had fallen ill during the previous winter and had not recovered during the spring and summer. He died at the age of 34 in Bios de Vincennes in France on August 31st and was buried in Westminster Abbey. 
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