Bacon, Roger

Born: 1214 Died: 1294

friar who was skilled in alchemy, astronomy, mathematics, optics, etc. Need to determine who would have contact with, influenced etc. He apparently understood the concepts of gunpowder - was this put to use? He studied both at Oxford and Paris, receiving a degree from Paris. In 1266 writing to Pope Clement IV, proposing a scientific encyclopaedia. The Pope mistaking his request thinking Bacon had produced one and wanting to see it, forced Bacon to write the whole thing himself. In 1278 he was imprisoned for his writings.
 
YearMonthEvent
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Baldwin (I, King of Jerusalem)

Born: circa 1058 Died: 1118

aldwin of Boulogne was the brother of Godfrey of Bouillon. Together they took part in the First Crusade. Baldwin became the count of Edessa in 1098. Godfrey became the first King of Jerusalem after the city was captured in 1099. When Godfrey died on 18th July 1100 the post of ruler became vacant. The head of the Church in Jerusalem, Dagobert of Pisa, claimed that the Church itself should rule and as he was its representative he should have the job, but Baldwin disagreed. With a force of a thousand or so men Baldwin travelled to Jerusalem to claim the throne of Jerusalem for himself. The people of Jerusalem chose Baldwin as they recognised the need for a strong leader who could defend the city. Baldwin, unlike his brother, was happy to be called King of Jerusalem and to wear a crown. Under Baldwin's reign the territory Jerusalem controlled was greatly enlarged. He captured Arsuf, Caesarea, Acre and Sidon. In 1115 he had constructed the castle Krak de Montreal built on a hill to command the local trade routes. In 1118 Baldwin died without an heir. He was succeeded by his cousin Baldwin of Bourg.
 
YearMonthEvent
1100 Jul 18  Godfrey of Bouillon dies
 Godfrey of Bouillon died just a year after the crusaders had captured Jerusalem. Agreeing who should succeed Godfrey as ruler of Jerusalem was not easy. The head of the Church in Jerusalem, Dagobert of Pisa, claimed that the Church itself should rule and as he was its representative he should have the job. Godfrey's brother, Baldwin of Edessa, had other ideas and travelled to Jerusalem with an army to claim the throne.[1]

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
 Dec 25  Baldwin I becomes king of Jerusalem
 Supported by an army of over a thousand men, Baldwin claimed the throne of Jerusalem. Baldwin of Edessa was Godfrey's brother and he claimed the throne as his heritage. Baldwin was crowned on Christmas Day at Bethlehem.

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
1104   Port of Acre captured by the Crusaders
 King Baldwin I captured the important port of Acre on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean. The port was an important supply route for Jerusalem.

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
1118   Baldwin II becomes King of Jerusalem
 Baldwin II became King of Jerusalem following in his cousin's footsteps.[1]

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  

Baldwin (II, King of Jerusalem)

Died: 1131

aldwin of Bourg was the ruler of the Kingdom of Jerusalem form 1118 until his death in 1131. He succeeded his cousin Baldwin of Boulogne who ruled Jerusalem as Baldwin I. Baldwin of Bourg had fourght during the First Crusade alongside his cousin. When Baldwin of Boulogne was elected King of Jerusalam Beldwin of Bourg was given the title Count of Edessa. In 1104 Count Baldwin was captured during a battle with the Seljuk Turks and held prisoner for four years. On his release he found that Tancred, a fellow Crusader, had taken control of Edessa in his absence.Baldwin regained control of Edessa and then when King Baldwin died in 1118, Count Baldwin was elected as his successor. It was during the reign of Baldwin II, King of Jerusalem, that the famous orders of warrior monks were founded, including the Knight Templars and Hospitalers. In 1131 Baldwin died and was succeeded by Fulk of Anjou who had married his daughter Melisende.
 
YearMonthEvent
1118   Baldwin II becomes King of Jerusalem
 Baldwin II became King of Jerusalem following in his cousin's footsteps.[1]

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
 Apr 14  Baldwin II crowned
 Baldwin of le Bourg was crowned as King of Jerusalem in Jerusalem on Easter Sunday.

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
1123 Apr  Baldwin II is captured
 Baldwin, the king of Jerusalem, was captured by Balak of Aleppo. To save the situation the Venetians were asked to help and so Doge Michiel lifted the siege of Corfu and took his fleet to Acre, arriving at the port in May.[2]

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
1131   Fulk V becomes King of Jerusalem
 King Baldwin of Jerusalem died and Fulk V, who had married the King's daughter Melisende, became the King of Jerusalem.[3]

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  

Baldwin (III, King of Jerusalem 1143-1162)

Born: circa 1131 Died: 10 Feb 1162

aldwin was the son of Fulk V and Melisende. He became King of Jerusalem after his father died in 1143 and ruled alongside his mother as he was only 13 at the time. He ruled until 1162.

Family Tree Details
Father: Fulk (V, of Anjou) ( - d.1143)
Mother: Melisende (of Jerusalem) (b.1105 - d.1161)
Baldwin (III, King of Jerusalem 1143-1162) (b.1131 - d.1162)

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YearMonthEvent
1143   Baldwin III becomes king of Jerusalem
 When his father Fulk died, Baldwin became king of Jerusalem. But at only 13 years of age Baldwin was too young to rule unaided. He was made co-ruler of the Crusader state along side his mother Melisende.

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
1152   Baldwin III demands self rule
 Baldwin III was old enough to rule Jerusalem unaided and demanded that the control he shared with his mother was ended. This split the Crusader state and led to civil war. 
1162 Feb 10  Death of Baldwin III
 Baldwin, the king of Jerusalem died. He was succeeded by his brother Amalric.[4] 

Ball, John

Died: 1381

ohn Ball was one of the leaders of the Peasant's Revolt of 1381. Ball was a priest who wandered from village to village preaching equality. He was arrested for his beliefs and was freed from prison by rebels led by Wat Tyler. Ball was hanged at the end of the revolt.
 
YearMonthEvent
1381 Jun 7  Peasant's Revolt reaches Maidstone
 The Kentish section of the Revolt reached Maidstone where they were joined by Wat Tyler who became their leader. They released John Ball from the church prison.[5]

Episode: Peasants Revolt  

Balliol, Edward (King of Scotland 1332)

Born: 1283 Died: 1364

dward was the eldest son of John Balliol, the king of the Scots. With help from Edward III Edward Balliol claimed the Scottish throne after defeating David II at Dupplin Muir in 1332. Balliol was forced to relinquish the throne a few months later but was helped back into power in 1333 by Edward III.
 
YearMonthEvent
1294   Edward Balliol asks for resources
 Edward Balliol arrived in London and asked for men and money for Edward's French war.[6]

Episode: Edward I and Scotland  
1329 Jun 7  David II becomes king of Scotland
 Robert I (the Bruce) of Scotland died and was followed by David (II). David was only 5 years old and so Edward Balliol claimed his right to the throne being the son of John who was king of Scotland from 1292 to 1296.[7] 
1332 Aug 12  Battle of Dupplin Moor
 With help from English archers Edward Balliol forwarded his right to the Scottish throne by defeating David II's followers at Dupplin Moor.[7] 
 Sep 24  Balliol crowned king of Scotland
 Edward Balliol was crowned king of Scotland at Scone but was quickly forced over the border back to England prompting Edward III's assaults.[7] 
 Dec  Balliol overthrown
 Balliol's fortunes changed when he was overthrown and had to flee to England. 
1333 Jun  Isle of Man comes under English control
 Montagu, an English Baron, took control of the Isle of Man from Scotland. From that time the island has been associated with England. 
1334 Jun  England takes control of parts of Scotland
 Edward Balliol granted England control of parts of southern Scotland. 
1335 Qtr 2  Edward attacks the Scots
 Edward III, assisted by Balliol, moved up through Scotland. There was a chance that the French would invade while the King was in the North as Philippe VI had sent ships to help the Scottish cause.[8] 
1341 Jun  David II returns to Scotland
 Edward Balliol is forced to leave Scotland when David II returns from France to claim the Scottish throne.[9] 
1356 Jan  Edward Balliol gives up Scottish throne
 After the defeat of David II of Scotland at Neville's Cross Edward Balliol had attempted to claim the Scottish throne but eventually decided to surrender his title as King of the Scots to Edward III and accept a pension in return. 

Barbarossa, Frederick (Emperor)

Born: circa 1122 Died: 10 Jun 1190

rederick Barbarossa was the Holy Roman Emperor and ruler of Germany. In 1188 at the age of sixty-six or sixty-seven he took the Cross indicating his intent to travel to the Holy Land.
 
YearMonthEvent
1188 Mar 27  Barbarossa takes the Cross
 At Mainz Cathedral, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa took the Cross showing his intention to travel to the Holy Land. [10]

Episode: The Third Crusade  
1189 May  Frederick Barbarossa's Crusade begins
 In early May 1189, Emperor Frederick Barbarossa garthered his army at Ratisbon (now called Regensburg in Bavaria, Germany). He had ensured that his lands were safe while he was away on crusade and left his eldest son Henry. [10]

Episode: The Third Crusade  
1190 Feb  Treaty of Adrianople
 The large army of German crusaders marched towards Constantinople on the way to the Holy Land. But Isaac II, the Byzantine Emperor, had sided with Saladin and was attempting the stop them by attacking the crusaders. But the German army was too strong and they captured Adrianople. A peace treaty was signed by Isaac and Frederick of Germany, the crusaders' leader, that ensured the Germans were given supplies and free passage through to the Holy Land.

Episode: The Third Crusade  

Beauchamp, Margaret (of Bletsoe)

argaret Beauchamp was the mother of Lady Margaret Beaufort. Lady Margaret married Edmund Tudor and was the mother of Henry VII, king of England.
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Beauchamp, Thomas (12th earl of Warwick)

Born: 1339 Died: 1401

homas Beauchamp was one of the five lords appellant who accused several of Richard II's advisors of treason. Thomas took part in the battle of Radcot Bridge against the king where the king's army was defeated. In 1397 Thomas was arrested and sent to the Tower of London where the building he was imprisoned in was renamed after him as the Beauchamp Tower. When Henry IV became King of England Thomas was released from the Tower and given back his lands.
 
YearMonthEvent
1281   Beauchamp Tower at Tower of London built
 Edward I was responsible for the construction of the Beauchamp Tower on the western side of the curtain wall. It got its name later on in 1397 when Thomas Beauchamp was imprisoned there by Richard II. The three storey tower was large enough to hold not only the captive, but members of his household as well. It has been used to hold other important prisoners since. 
1387 Dec 19  Battle of Radcot Bridge
 Forces belonging to the Lords Appellant defeated forces led by Robert de Vere, the favourite of Richard II.

Episode: Lords Appellant  

Beaufort, Edmund

Died: 1471

dmund Beaufort was the son of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset who was killed at the Battle of St. Albans in 1455. Edmund, like his father, was a Lancastrian supporter and was exiled when the the Yorkist Edward IV took control of the country in 1461. Edmund proclaimed himself the Duke of Somerset when his brother died in 1461 but was never formally granted the title. Returning to England in 1471 to assist Margaret, King Henry VI's queen, Edmund found Lancastrian supporters to help but was defeated at the battle of Tewkesbury in May of 1471. He was executed several days later.

Family Tree Details
Father: Beaufort, Edmund (2nd Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1455)
Mother: Beauchamp, Eleanor
Beaufort, Edmund ( - d.1471)

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YearMonthEvent
1471 May 4  The Battle of Tewkesbury
 The Yorkists led by King Edward IV and his brother Richard Duke of Gloucester met the Lancastrians at Tewkesbury. Richard was able to outflank the Lancastrians led by Edmund Beaufort, the self-proclaimed Duke of Somerset. Once Somerset's men had been dealt with, Richard attacked the rear of the Lancastrian line which broke apart and fled. Many of the Lancastrian leaders were caught and killed including Edward the Prince of Wales. Margaret of Anjou was also captured.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  

Beaufort, Henry (3rd Duke of Somerset)

Died: 1464

on of Edmund Beaufort, 2nd Duke of Somerset who was killed at the Battle of St. Albans in 1455. Henry Beaufort died in 1464.

Family Tree Details
Father: Beaufort, Edmund (2nd Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1455)
Mother: Beauchamp, Eleanor
Beaufort, Henry (3rd Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1464)

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YearMonthEvent
1461 Mar 29  Battle of Towton
 This was the bloodiest battle of the Wars of the Roses and was fought in a snowstorm at Towton in Yorkshire. Both the Lancastrian and Yorkist armies were large having possibly 40,000 men each. The battle lasted many hours until the Lancastrians's line was broken. Fleeing into a river many of the Lancastrians were drowned due to their heavy armour and the rest were killed by the pursuing Yorkists.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
 Jul  Lancastrian Embassy in France
 An embassy of several Lancastrians, including the Duke of Somerset, travelled to France and the court of Charles VII to ask for men and a loan of money to continue the fight against the Yorkists. But the death of Charles on the 22nd put an end to their plans. Their situation became serious when they were arrested. The new French King, Louis XI, at this stage of the Wars of the Roses was a Yorkist supporter. [11]

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
1463 Dec  Duke of Somerset rebels
 Henry Beaufort, Duke of Somerset and Lancastrian supporters rebelled against Edward and used Bamburgh Castle as a base.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
1464 May  Battle of Hexham
 The Nevilles defeated the last of the Lancastrian forces near Hexham and executed the rebels including Henry Beaufort the Duke of Somerset. In recognition of their contribution to the security of his reign Edward IV gave John Neville, Lord Montagu, the title of Earl of Northumberland and George Neville became the Archbishop of York.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  

Beaufort, Henry (Cardinal-Bishop of Winchester)

Born: circa 1376 Died: 1447

enry Beaufort was the second son of John of Gaunt and Catherine Swynford.He was very well educated and became bishop of Lincoln in 1398. In 1404 Henry became the Bishop of Winchester after the death of the previous bishop William of Wykeham and under King Henry IV, his half-brother, Beaufort became the chancellor of England. When Henry VI became King of England in 1422 at the age of ten Henry Beaufort along with the young king's uncles, John Duke of Bedford and Humphrey Duke of Gloucester were declared his protectors. In 1426 Henry Beaufort was nominated as cardinal-priest of St. Eusebiusa and was chosen to become a Papal Legate, the personal representative of the Pope and travelled to Germany where he preached for the war against the Hussites. Henry Beaufort returned to England in around 1430 and became an opponent of the Duke of Gloucester who had begun to run the country for his own ends. Beaufort's skills at administration served the country for many years. He died in 1447 at the age of around seventy years and was buried in Winchester Cathedral.

Family Tree Details
Father: John (of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster) ( - d.1399)
Mother: Swynford, Catherine
Beaufort, Henry (Cardinal-Bishop of Winchester) (b.1376 - d.1447)

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YearMonthEvent
1422 Sep 1  Henry VI becomes king
 Henry VI became king of England upon the death of his father. Henry was less than one year old when his father died and so England was governed by a number of protectors. These included Henry V's brothers, John Duke of Bedford and Humphrey Duke of Gloucester, along with Henry Beaufort the bishop of Winchester. 
1431 Dec  Henry VI crowned as King of France
 Henry was crowned King of France at Notre Dame in Paris by Cardinal Henry Beaufort, Bishop of Winchester.

Episode: Henry VI and Joan of Arc  

Beaufort, Henry (Duke of Somerset)

Died: 1418

on of John, Earl of Somerset.

Family Tree Details
Father: Beaufort, John (1st Earl of Somerset) ( - d.1410)
Mother: Holland, Margaret
Beaufort, Henry (Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1418)

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Beaufort, Lady Margaret

Born: 1443 Died: 1509

ady Margaret Beaufort married Edmund Tudor, the earl of Richmond. Their son became Henry VII the first Tudor king. After Edmund Tudor died in 1456 Margaret married Sir Henry Stafford and later Thomas, Lord Stanley.

Family Tree Details
Father: Beaufort, John (1st Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1444)
Mother: Beauchamp, Margaret (of Bletsoe)
Beaufort, Lady Margaret (b.1443 - d.1509)
+Tudor, Edmund (Earl of Richmond) ( - d.1456) =Henry (VII, King of England 1485-1509) (b.1457 - d.1509) +Elizabeth (of York) ( - d.1503) =Arthur (Prince of Wales) (b.1486 - d.1502) | +Catherine (of Aragon) (b.1485 - d.1536) =Margaret (Tudor, Daughter of Henry VII) (b.1489 - d.1541) | +James (IV King of Scotland 1488-1513) (b.1473 - d.1513) | | =James (V, King of Scotland 1513-1542) (b.1512 - d.1542) | | +Mary (of Guise) ( - d.1560) | | | =Mary (Stuart, Queen of Scotland) (b.1542 - d.1587) | | +Erskine, Margaret (Lady) | | =Stewart, James (1st Earl of Moray) (b.1531 - m.1570) | +Douglas, Archibald (Earl of Angus) ( - d.1557) | =Douglas, Margaret ( - d.1578) | +Stewart, Matthew (Earl of Lennox) ( - d.1571) | =Henry (Lord Darnley) (b.1546 - d.1567) | =Stewart, Charles (Earl of Lennox) ( - d.1576) =Henry (VIII, King of England 1509-1547) (b.1491 - d.1547) | +Catherine (of Aragon) (b.1485 - d.1536) | | =Mary (I, Queen of England 1553-1558, Bloody Mary, Mary Tudor) (b.1516 - d.1558) | | +Philip (II, King of Spain 1556-1598) (b.1527 - d.1598) | +Boleyn, Anne ( - ex.1536) | | =Elizabeth (I, Queen of England 1558-1603) (b.1533 - d.1603) | +Seymour, Jane ( - d.1537) | | =Edward (VI, King of England 1547-1553) (b.1537 - d.1553) | +Anne (of Cleves) (b.1515 - d.1557) | +Howard, Catherine ( - ex.1542) | +Parr, Catherine =Mary (Tudor, Queen of France) (b.1495 - d.1533) +Louis (XII, King of France) ( - d.1515) +Brandon, Charles (Duke of Suffolk) (b.1485 - d.1545) =Frances (Lady) | +Grey, Henry (Duke of Suffolk) ( - ex.1554) | =Grey, Jane (Lady) (b.1537 - ex.1554) | =Grey, Catherine (Lady) =Clifford, Eleanor (Lady) ( - d.1547)

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YearMonthEvent
1455   Edmund Tudor marries Margaret Beaufort
 Edmund Tudor married Margaret Beaufort, the heiress of the Duke of Somerset. Margaret was only twelve years old.[12] 
1456 Dec  Margaret Beaufort moved to Pembroke
 After the death of Edmund Tudor his brother Jasper Tudor Earl of Pembroke moved Margaret Beaufort to Pembroke Castle. Margaret was the wife of Edmund and expecting their first child.[13] 

Beaufort, Thomas (Duke of Exeter)

Died: 1426

homas Beaufort was the son of John of Gaunt and Catherine Swynford.

Family Tree Details
Father: John (of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster) ( - d.1399)
Mother: Swynford, Catherine
Beaufort, Thomas (Duke of Exeter) ( - d.1426)

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YearMonthEvent
1416   Armagnac Fleet blockade Harfleur
 A French fleet laid siege to Harfleur, the French port captured by Henry V, and attempted to get it back. Harfleur was defended by Thomas Beaufort, the earl of Exeter.

Episode: Henry V - The Hundred Years War  

Benedict (XII, Pope)

Died: 1342

ope from 1334 to 1342. Benedict was a French Cistercian monk from Foix. The main concern of his time in office was to stop the Hundred Years War that had started during his reign.
 
YearMonthEvent
1337 Qtr 2  Cardinals sent to Europe
 Two cardinals, Peter Gomez and Bertrand of Montfavence, were sent by Pope Benedict XII to Europe to try and prevent the two kings from going to war.[14] 

Berengaria (of Navarre, Queen of England)

Born: circa 1165 Died: 1230

erengaria, the daughter of the King of Navarre, married King Richard I of England on 12th of May 1191 on Cyprus in the chapel of St George at Limassol. They did not have any children. Berengaria had been travelling to the Holy Land as part of the crusade when her ship was forced to take refuge on the island of Cyprus in a storm. The island's ruler Isaac Comnenus refused to help the crusaders and when Richard landed on Cyprus to find his bride-to-be a fight broke out and Richard attacked and defeated the Cypriot army. Berengaria never visited England, possibly being the only Queen of England never to do so and after Richard's death she went to live at Le Mans in France where she remained until her death in 1230.

Family Tree Details
Berengaria (of Navarre, Queen of England) (b.1165 - d.1230)
+Richard (I, King of England 1189-1199) (b.1157 - d.1199)

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YearMonthEvent
1191 May 12  Richard marries Berengaria
 Richard took time to marry Berengaria at Limassol.[15]

Episode: The Third Crusade  

Bigod, Hugh

arl of Norfolk. Leader of a baronial rebellion against Henry II between 1173 and 74.
 
YearMonthEvent
1140   Construction of Framlingham Castle
 A motte with a wooden tower was probably the first type of castle built by the Normans on the site. Hugh Bigod owned Framlingham at the time. 
1165   Hugh Bigod buys back Framlingham
 Henry II had confiscated the castle from the rebellious Earl. But Hugh raised the money required to buy back the castle. Henry built the castle at Orford to keep Hugh under control. 
1166 - 1172 Building of Orford Castle
 Henry II, had the castle at Orford, in Norfolk built between 1166 and 1172, to counter the threats of Hugh Bigod and to confront his castle fortress at Framlingham. [16] 
1173 - 1174 Baronial rebellion
 The baronial rebellion against Henry II. One of it leaders was Hugh Bigod. (Need to investigate)[16]

Episode: Rebellion against Henry II  

Blanche (of Lancaster)

Died: 1369

lanche of Lancaster married John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster, and was the mother of Henry IV.
YearMonthEvent
1361 - 1399 John of Gaunt owns Kenilworth
 John of Gaunt married Blanche, the daughter of Henry, Duke of Lancaster. Henry owned Kenilworth Castle and when he died (?) John became Duke of Lancaster and took ownership of the castle. Gaunt rebuilt the hall and constructed new grand apartments.[17] 
1367 Mar  Henry (IV) future king of England in born
 Henry was born at Bolingbroke Castle in Lincolnshire. 

Bohemund (I, Prince of Antioch 1099-1111)

Born: circa 1050 Died: 1111

ohemund (or Bohemond) of Taranto was a leader of a Norman army from southern Italy and Sicily who joined the First Crusade along with his nephew Tancred. He became Bohemund I, Prince of Antioch in 1099 after Antioch had fallen to the Crusaders. His actions went against an oath he had taken promising to hand over captured lands to Alexius of Byzantine. Bohemond was captured by Muslims in 1100 but was freed in 1103 to return to Europe where he married the daughter of Philip I of France.
 
YearMonthEvent
1191 May 11  Meeting in Limassol
 Richard met Guy of Lusignan (King of Jerusalem), Geoffrey (Richard's brother), Bohemund (Prince of Antioch), Raymond (Count of Tripoli), Humphrey of Toron and other knights to discuss the attempt by Philippe II of France to replace Guy of Lusignan with Conrad of Montferrat as the King of Jerusalem.[15]

Episode: The Third Crusade  

Boniface (VIII, Pope)

Died: 11 Oct 1303

oniface was the Pope from 1294 until his death in October 1303. He came into conflict with the French king Philip IV over taxation of the Church in France. Both the Church and the French king wanted more money for their own needs and Boniface believed the spiritual power was more important than the secular and asserted the right not to be taxed. Philip demanded the conflict be brought before a General Council. The dispute escalated to the point where Boniface was held captive in Anagni for several days. A month later Boniface died.
 
YearMonthEvent
1297 Aug  Louis IX is canonised
 Pope Boniface VIII made King Louis IX of France a saint of the Church twenty seven years after his death whilst on crusade.[18] 
1303 Oct 11  Death of Boniface VIII
 Boniface, the Pope, died a few weeks after being held captive by supporters of the French King over taxation disputes.[18] 

Brandon, Charles (Duke of Suffolk)

Born: 1485 Died: 1545

harles was a friend of Henry VIII who ran off with Henry's younger sister Mary after Mary's arranged marriage with Louis XII ended when Louis died in 1515. Charles and Mary were secretly married. They were both caught and forced to pay a fine. One of Charles and Mary's descendants was Lady Jane Grey.
YearMonthEvent
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1515 Feb  Princess Mary secretly marries
 Princess Mary ran away with Charles Brandon after the death of Louis XII. They were secretly married but caught and forced to pay a fine. 
 May 13  Mary and Suffolk marry
 Princess Mary, the younger sister of Henry VIII, married Charles Brandon, the Duke of Suffolk at Greenwich. Henry VIII gave full consent to the marriage. 

Bruce, Edward

 
YearMonthEvent
1313 Jun  Stirling Castle Siege
 Stirling castle was still under the control of English forces but was under siege from the Scots led by Edward Bruce. Bruce and the English commander, Sir Philippe de Mowbray, came to an agreement that if English forces had not reached the castle by midsummer 1314, Mowbray would surrender the castle to the Scots. Bruce even let Mowbray leave the castle to inform the English king of the agreement.[19]

Episode: Robert the Bruce  
1315   Edward Bruce invades Ireland
 Edward Bruce landed in Ireland in an attempt to become King of Ireland. [20] 
1318 Oct  Battle of Faughart
 Edward Bruce was defeated and killed at the Battle of Faughart by the English led by John de Birmingham. 

Bruce, Robert (Earl of Carrick, 6th Lord of Annandale)

Born: 1243 Died: 1304

obert, the 6th Lord of Annandale married Marjorie, the daughter of the Earl of Carrick and inherited the Carrick title that came with her dowry. Marjorie's first marriage was to Adam of Kilconquhar, a friend of Robert who had died while both of them were on Crusade. Robert returned and had to tell Marjorie of the fate of her husband. This meeting and subsequent friendship led to their marriage. Their son, again called Robert, would become the Scottish king, Robert I.
YearMonthEvent
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