Payens, Hugh de

Died: 1136

ugh de Payens, a knight from Burgundy, is regarded as the founding member of the Knights Templar. He and his fellow knights were granted dwellings in Jerusalem near the Dome of the Rock which was believed to be the site of the Temple of Solomon.
 
YearMonthEvent
1119   Knights Templar order founded in Jerusalem
 Knights Templar order founded in Jerusalem, by Hughes de Payen.[1]

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
1119 - 1136 Hughes de Payen: Master of the Temple
 Hughes de Payen became the Master of the Temple.[1]

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
1126   Hughes de Payen travels West
 Hughes de Payen travels west to obtain more authority of the Order.[1]

Episode: The Crusaders in the Holy Land  
1128 - 1129 Hughes de Payen visits Scotland and England
 During late 1128 and early 1129, Hughes de Payen visited both Scotland (David I ?) and England where he was apparently donated both land and money. At this time, the original Temple in Holborn (London) outside Holborn bars was built. It consisted of gardens, orchard, boundary ditch and cemetery, and was the first round church. In 1161 the site was moved to the New Temple between Fleet street and the Thames.[1] 
   Templar Church in London
 Hugh de Payens may have been granted the land for the first Temple Church in London at this time. Consisting of an orchard, a cemetery, a round church. The position was possibly at the end of Chancery Lane. The temple was moved in 1161.[2] 
 Jan  Council of Troyes takes place
 The Council of Troyes took place. Its aim was to consider the claim of the Knights Templars represented by Hughes de Payen and Andre de Montbard and was brought about by Bernard of Clairvaux. The Council provided papal approval for the Templars and resulted in many new recruits joining the order. The Order was provided it with its first rule, the Latin Rule.[1] 
 Apr  Hugh de Payen visits Fulk of Anjou
 Hugh de Payen travelled around France starting with a visit to Fulk of Anjou who had become an associate member of the Knights Templar order in 1120. Support and donations across Europe for the Templars increased. The visits lasted during April and May.[2] 
1136   Hughes de Payen dies
 Hughes de Payen died and was succeeded by Robert de Craon as Master of the Temple.[1] 

Percy, Henry (Earl of Northumberland)

Died: Feb 1408

enry Percy was created the Earl of Northumberland at the coronation of King Richard II in 1377. This was in recognition of his services as a soldier who led English troops against the French. Along with his son Henry 'Hotspur' Percy the Earl rebelled against King Henry IV and supported Edmund Mortimer's claim to the English throne. The revolt ended in failure and the death of both Hotspur and the Earl..
 
YearMonthEvent
1377 Jul 16  Richard II is crowned
 The 10 year old Richard II was crowned king of England. Ceremonies were overseen by his uncle John of Gaunt. Henry Percy was created Earl of Northumberland at the ceremony in recognition for his services as a soldier leading troops against the French. 
1378   A small Scottish army captures Berwick Castle
 With just forty men, Alexander Ramsay approached Berwick Castle and finding no guards on the walls raised ladders and gained entry to the keep. There they killed the castle's commander and took control, The residents of Berwick reacted by destoying the drawbridge to the castle to prevent the Scots leaving. A larger Scottish army was north of Berwick and Ramsay decided to wait for their arrival, but the Earl of Northumberland with 10,000 men arrived first. They laid seige to the castle but quickly recaptured it, killing all the Scots apart from Ramsay who surrendered. 
1401   Hotspur takes control in North Wales
 Henry IV gave his son Prince Henry, the future Henry V, the task of defeating Glyndwr in North Wales. As the boy was only 13 years old, Hotspur a knight and jouster of importance was given the role of guardian over the Prince. Hotspur was the son of Henry Percy the Earl of Northumberland.[3]

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1402 Sep 14  Battle of Homildon Hill
 The armies of the Percies and the Scots met at Homildon Hill near Wooler in Northumberland. The Scots were defeated and the Scots' leader the Earl of Douglas was captured. Henry IV wanted Douglas handed over but Hotspur refused. Hotspur was angry with the English king who had refused to pay a ransom for Edmund Mortimer who had been captured by Owain Glyndwr and who was a friend of Hotspur's.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1403   Revolt of the Percies
 The Percies, led by the Earl of Northumberland and Hotspur announced their intent to revolt against Henry IV. They even promised to free the Scots they had captured at the battle of Homildon if the Scots assisted in the revolt. The plan was to join forces with Owain Glyndwr and support the claim of the young Edmund Mortimer 5th Earl of March to the English throne.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
 Aug  Earl of Northumberland surrenders
 Henry Percy, Earl of Northumberland (Hotspur's father) had not managed to reach Shrewsbury in time to save his son. The Earl surrendered to the King, who accepted and showed the Earl mercy.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1405 Feb  Glyndwr's agreement
 Owain Glyndwr, Edmund Mortimer and the Earl of Northumberland combine forces and share the same goal of removing Henry IV. They agreed to divide England and Wales in three, Owain taking Wales and the west of England, the Earl to take the north of England and the north Midlands. Mortimer could have the rest.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1408 Feb  Battle of Bramham Moor
 The end of the Percy's revolt came at the battle of Bramham Moor where the Earl of Northumberland was killed by the Sheriff of Yorkshire. 

Philippa (of Hainault)

Born: circa 1314 Died: 1369

hilippa of Hainault was the wife of King Edward III of England. She was the daughter of Count William the Good and Jeanne of France and was born in either 1311 or 1314. The agreement to marry Edward and Philippa was agreed between Count William and Queen Isabella. Edward's mother. Queen Isabella needed the money to invade England and remove her husband King Edward II from the throne. The marriage agreement meant the Queen had money and mercenaries. In 1326 Isabella and her lover Roger Mortimer landed in England. Edward II was captured and a year later murdered, Edward III was crowned King of England in 1327 and to honour the agreement with Count William, Edward and Philippa were married on January 24, 1328 at York Minster. Philippa had upwards of fourteen children several of which reached maturity, She gave gifts of ,money to several hospitals and collages including St Katherine's by the Tower, near the Tower of London, and Queen's College Oxford. Philippa died in August of 1369.

Family Tree Details
Philippa (of Hainault) (b.1314 - d.1369)
+Edward (III, King of England 1327-1377) (b.1312 - d.1377) =Edward (The Black Prince) (b.1330 - d.1376) | +Joan (of Kent) (b.1328 - d.1385) | =Edward (of Angouleme) (b.1365 - d.1372) | =Richard (II, King of England 1377-1399) (b.1367 - d.1400) | +Anne (of Bohemia) ( - d.1394) | +Isabella (of France, Wife of Richard II) (b.1389 - d.1409) =Isabella (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1382) =Joan (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1348) =William (Son of Edward III) =Lionel (of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence) (b.1338 - d.1368) | +Elizabeth (de Burgh) ( - d.1363) | | =Philippa (daughter of Lionel Duke of Clarence) | | +Mortimer, Edmund (3rd Earl of March) ( - d.1381) | | =Mortimer, Roger (4th Earl of March) (b.1374 - d.1398) | | | +Holland, Eleanor (Wife of Roger, Earl of March) | | | =Mortimer, Edmund (5th Earl of March) (b.1391 - d.1425) | | | =Mortimer, Anne (daughter of Roger, Earl of March) | | =Mortimer, Edmund ( - d.1409) | | +Glyndwr, Katherine | +Visconti, Violante =John (of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster) ( - d.1399) | +Blanche (of Lancaster) ( - d.1369) | | =Henry (IV, King of England 1399-1413) (b.1367 - d.1413) | | | +Bohun, Mary | | | | =Henry (V, King of England 1413-1422) (b.1387 - d.1422) | | | | | +Catherine (of France) ( - d.1438) | | | | | =Henry (VI, King of England 1422-1461, 1470-1471) (b.1421 - d.1471) | | | | =Thomas (Duke of Clarence) ( - d.1421) | | | | =John (of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford) (b.1389 - d.1435) | | | | | +Jacquetta (of Luxembourg) (b.1415 - d.1472) | | | | =Humphrey (Duke of Gloucester) ( - d.1447) | | | +Joanna (of Navarre) ( - d.1437) | | =Philippa, (daughter of John of Gaunt) | | | +John (I, of Portugal) | | =Elizabeth (daughter of John of Gaunt) | | +John (Earl of Pembroke - 1389) | +Constance (of Castile) ( - d.1394) | | =Katherine (of Lancaster) (b.1372 - d.1418) | +Swynford, Catherine | =Beaufort, John (1st Earl of Somerset) ( - d.1410) | | +Holland, Margaret | | =Beaufort, Henry (Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1418) | | =Beaufort, John (1st Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1444) | | | +Beauchamp, Margaret (of Bletsoe) | | | =Beaufort, Lady Margaret (b.1443 - d.1509) | | =Beaufort, Edmund (2nd Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1455) | | | +Beauchamp, Eleanor | | | =Beaufort, Henry (3rd Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1464) | | | =Beaufort, Edmund ( - d.1471) | | | =Beaufort, John ( - d.1471) | | =Beaufort, Joan | | +James (I, King of Scotland 1406-1437) (b.1394 - d.1437) | | =Margaret (Stewart) ( - d.1445) | | =Isabella (Stewart) ( - d.1494) | | =Eleanor (Stewart) ( - d.1480) | | =James (II, King of Scotland 1437-1460) | | =Joan (Stewart) ( - d.1480) | =Beaufort, Henry (Cardinal-Bishop of Winchester) (b.1376 - d.1447) | =Beaufort, Thomas (Duke of Exeter) ( - d.1426) | =Beaufort, Joan (daughter of John of Gaunt) (b.1379 - d.1440) | +Neville, Ralph (Earl of Westmorland, Earl Marshal) (b.1364 - d.1425) | =Neville, Cecily (Duchess of York) (b.1415 - d.1495) | | +Richard (Duke of York) (b.1411 - d.1460) | | =Edward (IV, Earl of March and King of England 1461-1470, 1471-1483) (b.1442 - d.1483) | | =George (Duke of Clarence) (b.1449 - d.1478) | | =Richard (III, King of England 1483-1485) (b.1452 - d.1485) | | =Elizabeth (of York, Duchess of Suffolk) ( - d.1503) | | =Margaret (of York, sister of Edward IV) (b.1446 - ) | =Neville, Richard (Earl of Salisbury) ( - d.1460) | +Montacute, Alice (Daughter of Earl of Salisbury) | =Neville, Richard (Earl of Warwick, 'The Kingmaker') (b.1428 - d.1471) | =Neville, John (Earl of Northumberland, Lord Montagu) ( - d.1471) | =Neville, George (Archbishop of York) ( - d.1476) | =Neville, Cecily (Duchess of Warwick) (b.1425 - d.1450) | =Neville, Katherine (b.1442 - d.1504) =Edmund (of Langley, Duke of York) ( - d.1402) | +Isabella (of Castile) | =Edward (Duke of York) ( - d.1415) | =Richard (Earl of Cambridge) ( - d.1415) | +Mortimer, Anne (daughter of Roger, Earl of March) | =Richard (Duke of York) (b.1411 - d.1460) | +Neville, Cecily (Duchess of York) (b.1415 - d.1495) | =Edward (IV, Earl of March and King of England 1461-1470, 1471-1483) (b.1442 - d.1483) | =George (Duke of Clarence) (b.1449 - d.1478) | =Richard (III, King of England 1483-1485) (b.1452 - d.1485) | =Elizabeth (of York, Duchess of Suffolk) ( - d.1503) | =Margaret (of York, sister of Edward IV) (b.1446 - ) =Mary (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1362) =Margaret (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1361) =Thomas (of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester) ( - d.1397)

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YearMonthEvent
1326 Spring  Marriage arranged between Edward and Philippa
 Isabella arranged the future marriage between her son Edward and Philippa the daughter of William count of Hainault. Isabella claimed part of Philippa's dowry in advance so that she could finance her invasion of England.[4]

Episode: Isabella, She-Wolf of France and death of Edward II  
1328 Jan 24  Edward III marries
 Edward married Philippa of Hainault at York Minster. The marriage was arranged as many were at the time. The arrangement was organised as early as 1323, when she was not nine years old. The Bishop of Exeter visited Hainault to see the girl.[5]

Episode: Isabella, She-Wolf of France and death of Edward II  
1330 Mar 4  Coronation of Philippa of Hainault
 Philiippa of Hainault, the wife of King Edward III, was crowned at Westminster Abbey. (or Feb 18?) 
1332 Jun 16  Isabella born
 Isabella, the daughter of Edward III and Philippa of Hainault, was born on this day. 
1338 Nov 29  Lionel born to Queen Philippa
 Queen Philippa gave birth to another son. The child was born in Antwerp.[4] 
1340 Jan 25  Edward declares himself King
 In Ghent (Flanders) Edward declared himself as the true King of France. When he left Flanders for England Philippa remained as assurance that money Edward owed would be paid.[4]

Episode: Edward III - The Hundred Years War  
1346 Sep 4  Siege of Calais
 Edward III began the siege of Calais that would last for almost a year. The governor of the town was man called Jean de Vienne. Edward demanded that the town should surrender but de Vienne refused, hoping that the town walls would hold the English out until Philippe VI could come to their rescue. The English set up camp around the town and arranged for supplies to be brought from England. Wooden houses were also built to house the soldiers while they waited. Philippa, the Queen even joined her husband at the camp.

Episode: Edward III - The Hundred Years War  
1355 Jan 7  Birth of Thomas of Woodstock
 Thomas of Woodstock was born to Philippa and Edward III. 
1369 Aug  Queen Philippa dies
 Queen Philippa, Edward's wife, died. Edward's affections turned to Alice Perrers who became his mistress and had several illegitimate children.[4] 

Philippe (III, King of France 1270-1285)

Died: 1285

Family Tree Details
Father: LOUIS (IX, King of France, St. Louis) ( - d.1270)
Mother: Margaret (of Provence)
Philippe (III, King of France 1270-1285) ( - d.1285)
+Isabella (of Aragon) ( - d.1271) =Philippe (IV, The Fair, King of France 1285-1314) ( - d.1314) | +Joan (of Champagne) | =Isabella (of France, Wife of Edward II) ( - d.1358) | | +Edward (II, King of England 1307-1327) (b.1284 - d.1327) | | =Edward (III, King of England 1327-1377) (b.1312 - d.1377) | | | +Philippa (of Hainault) (b.1314 - d.1369) | | | =Edward (The Black Prince) (b.1330 - d.1376) | | | =Isabella (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1382) | | | =Joan (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1348) | | | =William (Son of Edward III) | | | =Lionel (of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence) (b.1338 - d.1368) | | | =John (of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster) ( - d.1399) | | | =Edmund (of Langley, Duke of York) ( - d.1402) | | | =Mary (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1362) | | | =Margaret (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1361) | | | =Thomas (of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester) ( - d.1397) | | =John (Earl of Cornwall) ( - d.1336) | | =Joan (Daughter of Edward II) | | | +David (II, King of the Scots 1329-1371) ( - d.1371) | | =Eleanor (Daughter of Edward II) | | +Reginald (Duke of Guelderland) | =Louis (X, The Headstrong, King of France 1314-1316) ( - d.1316) | | +Margaret (of Burgundy) (b.1290 - d.1315) | | | =Joan (II, of Navarre) ( - d.1349) | | +Clemence (of Hungary) | | =John (I, King of France 1316) (b.1316 - d.1316) | =Philippe (V, the Tall, King of France 1316-1322) ( - d.1322) | =Charles (IV, the Fair, King of France 1322-1328) ( - d.1328) =Charles (Count of Valois, Anjou and Maine) +Margaret (of Anjou, m. Charles Valois) =Philippe (VI, King of France 1328-1350) ( - d.1350) +Joan (of Burgundy) =John (II, King of France 1350-1364) (b.1319 - d.1364) +Bonne (of Luxembourg) =Charles (V, King of France 1364 - 1380) (b.1338 - d.1380)

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YearMonthEvent
1258 Oct 5  The death of Philippe III
 Philippe III, the king of France died at Perpignan at the end of a disastrous attempt to capture Aragon for his son Charles. The battle in which he died was part of a large war known as the War of the Sicilian Vespers forght between the kings of Aragon on one side and Charles of Anjou and the kings of France on the other with the support of the Pope.[6] 

Plantagenet, Edward (Earl of Warwick)

Died: 1499

on of George, Duke of Clarence and Isabel Neville. Edward was nephew of Richard III and his title was the Earl of Warwick and potential heir to the English throne. At the age of ten, after Richard III's defeat at Bosworth and Henry VII becoming king, Edward was arrested and taken to the Tower of London. A man called Lambert Simnel appeared in Ireland in 1499 and claims were made that he was Edward, Earl of Warwick.

Family Tree Details
Father: George (Duke of Clarence) (b.1449 - d.1478)
Mother: Neville, Isabel (Duchess of Clarence) (b.1451 - d.1476)
Plantagenet, Edward (Earl of Warwick) ( - d.1499)

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YearMonthEvent
1485 Sep  Earl of Warwick arrested
 The 10 year old Earl of Warwick was arrested and sent to the Tower of London. His claim to the English throne was strong and Henry VII wanted him out of the way. 

Plantagenet, Geoffrey (Archbishop of York)

llegitimate son of Henry II.

Family Tree Details
Father: Henry (II, King of England 1154-1189) (b.1133 - d.1189)
Mother: Illegitimate
Plantagenet, Geoffrey (Archbishop of York)

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Pole, Edmund de la (Earl of Suffolk)

Died: 1513

etails to follow.

Family Tree Details
Father: Pole, John de la (Duke of Suffolk) ( - d.1491)
Mother: Elizabeth (of York, Duchess of Suffolk) ( - d.1503)
Pole, Edmund de la (Earl of Suffolk) ( - d.1513)

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Pole, William de la (Duke of Suffolk)

Died: 1450

illiam de la Pole was a powerful member of the inner circle of advisers of Henry VI. His dominance came to an end in 1450 when he was accused by Parliament of being the cause of the country's problems and was imprisoned. Henry VI allowed him to be banished rather than executed but as William left the country he was attacked and killed.
 
YearMonthEvent
1447 Feb 23  Death of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester
 A parliament was held at Bury St. Edmunds where the Duke of Gloucester was accused of treason and arrested. It was said that he was planning an uprising against the king. The accusations were made falsely by the Duke of Suffolk. Gloucester died only days after his arrest. 
1450 May  Revolt in Kent
 Jack Cade was the leader of a rebellion that began in Kent and elsewhere in the south east of England. The rebels' grievances were directed at the king's councillors who were using their influence on the king for their own gains.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
 May  Death of William de la Pole
 William de la Pole, Duke of Suffolk was accused by Parliament of being the cause of the country's problems. Suffolk was arrested and imprisoned. The King allowed the Duke to be banished rather than executed but as he left the country he was attacked and killed.

Episode: Wars of the Roses