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Died: 23 Aug 1305
William Wallace and Andrew De Moray leaders of the Scottish revolt in the South and North joined forces and defeated the English army led by Surrey at Stirling. The Scots caught the English forces as they crossed a bridge across the Forth.
Edward's army defeated Wallace. The battle is dominated by the English and Welsh longbows.
William Wallace had returned to Scotland from France where he had been in exile and so Edward took an army into Scotland.
Hubert Walter follows Baldwin as Archbishop of Canterbury.
John chose people to help him run the country. He appointed the Archbishop of Canterbury, Hubert Walter, as Chancellor. Geoffrey fitz Peter was chosen as Justiciar and William, Earl of Pembroke, became Marshal of John's household.
After losing Normandy to the French, John sent an embassy to France to negotiate with Philippe. In the party that went from England were Hubert Walter and William Marshal. The negotiations failed due to Philippe's demands.
The castles at Chinon and Loches both fell to the French as Philippe strengthened his position. Again William Marshall travelled to see Philippe to agree peace terms, but his attempts were destroyed by Hubert Walter who sent a secret letter to Philippe telling him not to accept William Marshal's promise that John would do homage to Philippe. (What's going on here?)
Hubert Walter the Archbishop of Canterbury and King John's most important advisor died.
When Hubert Walter died a dispute began between King John and the monks of Canterbury over who should become the new Archbishop of Canterbury. King John wanted John de Grey, Bishop of Norwich, to have the position but the monks wanted their sub-prior, Reginald. The matter was delayed until December when a mission sent to Rome could consult the Pope. Reginald himself went as part of the mission and stated that he had been elected by the monks. When King John heard of this he demanded that De Gray should be elected and the monks dutifully did.
Wareham, William (Archbishop of Canterbury)
William Wareham is elected to the post of Archbishop of Canterbury by Julius II.
Born: 1103 Died: 1120
Fulk V of Anjou married his daughter Matilda to William Adelin, heir to the English crown. Wanting to go on Crusade, Fulk needed to ensure security and a marriage between his family and the English crown could help.
The son of Henry I was drowned attempting a crossing from Normandy to England. It should have been a straight forward sea crossing from Normandy to England and the weather was good, but the young prince and his young friends had delayed the sailing with their merrymaking in Normandy. The crew of the White Ship were supplied with beer were in no state to handle the ship safely. The ship his rocks and began to sink. Prince William was initially saved and placed in a small boat but on his orders he tried to rescue his sister and the boat was overwhelmed by others hoping to be saved. The small boat tipped over and the prince was drowned.
Family Tree Details
|Father:||Henry (I, King of England 1100-1135) (b.1068 - d.1135)|
|Mother:||Matilda Edith (of Scotland)|
William (Adelin) (b.1103 - d.1120)
William (II, King of Sicily)
Joan, the daughter of Henry II, King of England, travelled to Sicily to marry William II the King of Sicily.
In the city of Palermo on the island of Sicily Joan, the daughter of King Henry II married William II, the king of Sicily.
William (of Warenne, Earl of Surrey)
Woodville, Richard (1st Earl Rivers)
Born: circa 1410 Died: 12 Aug 1469
The Lancastrians were building a large fleet of ships at Sandwich on the south coast and with it they planned to attack Calais. The Earl of Warwick became aware of this and arranged a raid led by John Dinham to steal the ships. Early in the morning of the fifteenth of January the Yorkists supporters attacked the dockyard and stole those ships that were seaworthy. Richard Woodville (Earl Rivers), his wife Jacquetta and their son Anthony were captured.
Wulfstan (Bishop of Worcester)
Born: 1008 Died: 19 Jan 1095
Wulfstan was a native of the Worcester area and managed to retain his position as bishop (which he took in 1062), after the Norman invasion of 1066.
He had an alter dedicated to him in (Great Malvern Priory?) alongside Cantilupe of Hereford and King Edward the Confessor.
Under the direction of Wulfstan, the future Bishop of Worcester, construction work began at Gloucester Cathedral. The new building was burnt down and rebuilt later by Abbot Serlo.
A monk at Worcester from 1040, Wulfstan was recommended for the position of bishop by visiting papal legates.
Building work starts on Worcester Cathedral. Orchestrated by Bishop Wulfstan. (More Information to follow)
The Worcestershire rebellion led by Robert of Lacy was dealt with quickly by Wulfstan, the Bishop of Worcester, who called on those knights and local landowners still loyal to the King to defend Worcester. Many of the rebels were captured or killed.
Wulfstan was bishop of Worcester. The location of his grave is not known.
At Easter Henry II and his wife Eleanor visited Worcester Cathedral and placed their crowns on the shrine of Wulfstan, vowing not to wear them again.
Wulfstan, (Archbishop of York 1002-23)
John Wycliffe was tried for heresy at the court of the bishop of London at St. Paul's. Wycliffe was supported by John of Gaunt but the trial failed to convict the religious reformer when it ended in riots and chaos.
Again John Wycliffe was tried for heresy but this time he was supported by Joan of Kent the widow of Edward, the Black Prince. The trial ended when the citizens entered the courtroom to save him.
An earthquake occurred somewhere in the Straits of Dover and was felt in southern England and in the Low Countries across the North Sea. The event happened during a meeting to condem the works of John Wycliffe.
John Wyciffe died.
Wykeham, William (of)
Born: 1324 Died: Sep 1404
William of Wykeham became the Bishop of Winchester. Although not approved of by the Pope (Urban V), Wykeham was consecrated in October 1367.
William of Wykeham became Chancellor of England.
William of Wykeham, Bishop of Winchester and chancellor, asked for supplies for war. Parliament petitioned the king to stop the practice of ecclesiastics having positions of power and not being liable to account for their actions, and that non-clerical laymen should replaced them. An important supporter of this action was John of Gaunt.
William of Wykeham founded his college, New College, Oxford. The foundations being laid in 1380.
William of Wykeham founded Winchester College so that prayers could be said for his soul for all time. It also provided training for boys that were to enter his other college, New College Oxford.
Work began on converting the Norman front and nave of Winchester Cathedral to the Perpendicular style by the Bishop of Winchester, William of Wykeham.
William of Wykeham founded Winchester College in 1382 and building work had been progressing since then. The college opened in this year for its first students.
William of Wykeham the Bishop of Winchester died in this year. He was replaced by Henry Beaufort.
William Wynford was the architect behind the South-west tower of Wells Cathedral.
The work on Wardour Castle (now Old Wardour Castle) was begun in this year. The architect in charge may have been William Wynford who was responsible for the changes made to Winchester Cathedral around about the same time. The castle is very unusual in that is hexagonal and aligned to the north-east.
Selection of references used:
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A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?