|Father||Philippe (IV, The Fair, King of France 1285-1314)||Mother||Joan (of Champagne)|
Family Tree Details
Isabella (of France, Wife of Edward II) (b.1295 - d.1358)
+Edward (II, King of England 1307-1327) (b.1284 - d.1327) =Edward (III, King of England 1327-1377) (b.1312 - d.1377) | +Philippa (of Hainault) (b.1314 - d.1369) | =Edward (The Black Prince) (b.1330 - d.1376) | | +Joan (of Kent) (b.1328 - d.1385) | | =Edward (of Angouleme) (b.1365 - d.1372) | | =Richard (II, King of England 1377-1399) (b.1367 - d.1400) | =Isabella (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1382) | =Joan (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1348) | =William (Son of Edward III) | =Lionel (of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence) (b.1338 - d.1368) | | +Elizabeth (de Burgh) ( - d.1363) | | | =Philippa (daughter of Lionel Duke of Clarence) | | +Visconti, Violante | =John (of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster) ( - d.1399) | | +Blanche (of Lancaster) ( - d.1369) | | | =Henry (IV, King of England 1399-1413) (b.1367 - d.1413) | | | =Philippa, (daughter of John of Gaunt) | | | =Elizabeth (daughter of John of Gaunt) | | +Constance (of Castile) ( - d.1394) | | | =Katherine (of Lancaster) (b.1372 - d.1418) | | +Swynford, Catherine | | =Beaufort, John (1st Earl of Somerset) ( - d.1410) | | =Beaufort, Henry (Cardinal-Bishop of Winchester) (b.1376 - d.1447) | | =Beaufort, Thomas (Duke of Exeter) ( - d.1426) | | =Beaufort, Joan (daughter of John of Gaunt) (b.1379 - d.1440) | =Edmund (of Langley, Duke of York) ( - d.1402) | | +Isabella (of Castile) | | =Edward (Duke of York) ( - d.1415) | | =Richard (Earl of Cambridge) ( - d.1415) | =Mary (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1362) | =Margaret (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1361) | =Thomas (of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester) ( - d.1397) =John (Earl of Cornwall) ( - d.1336) =Joan (of the Tower) (b.1321 - d.1362) | +David (II, King of the Scots 1329-1371) (b.1324 - d.1371) =Eleanor (Daughter of Edward II) +Reginald (Duke of Guelderland)
After his defeat at Courtrai Philippe IV called on Edward I for a peace treaty. Part to this involved Edward regained some French land and Philippe's daughter, Isabella, marrying Edward's son, the future Edward II, king of England.
Edward II married Isabella of France, the daughter of King Philippe IV of France. The marriage took place at Boulogne and Edward left Gaveston as Regent in his absence. Edward alienated the Lords by placing Gaveston in such a powerful position.
Gaveston's return to England forced the Archbishop of Canterbury to honour his threat of excommunication and the Earls to prepare for civil war against the king. Edward and Gaveston travelled to Scotland to seek help from Robert the Bruce but were not welcome.
While staying at Eltham Palace, Queen Isabella gave birth to a son called John and known as John of Eltham.
While the best of the English army were at Berwick, a Scottish army led by Sir James Douglas invaded Yorkshire. With an untrained army the Archbishop of York, William Melton, tried to fight off the Scots but was defeated at Myton-in-Swalesdale. With the Scots threatening their lands in the north the earls, with Edward at Berwick, abandoned the siege and returned to their homes. Queen Isabella who was in York at the time managed to escape to safety at Nottingham.
Edward was forced to lay siege to Leeds Castle after an incident involving his wife Queen Isabella. The Queen had wanted to stay at the castle while travelling to Canterbury but was refused entry by the owners wife. The owner of the castle, who was not there at the time, was Lord Badlesmere, a supporter of Lancaster. When Isabella's men tried to gain access to the castle, some of them were killed. On hearing of the problem, Edward took an army to the castle and after a week broke the siege. Several of the Marcher Lords began to march into England in support of Lord Badlesmere. They only got as far as Kingston-upon-Thames when the siege ended. Edward then had every excuse to engage the Marcher Lords in their act of rebellion.
After returning from Scotland, Edward and Queen Isabella rested at Rievaulx Abbey in Yorkshire. The Scots were still nearby and met the English army led by the Earl of Richmond near Old Byland. The Scots defeated the English army and Edward had to flee to escape capture. Isabella too escaped.
Isabella of France, the wife of King Edward II, travelled to France to see King Charles IV, her brother. Her mission was to bring to an end the disputes over land between France and England. The French King agreed to the English reclaiming the lands of Gascony and Ponthieu as long as Edward came to Paris and paid homage. In Paris Isabella met Roger Mortimer who had recently escaped from the Tower of London. She fell in love with him.
Prince Edward met Charles IV and paid him homage. The French king gave the Prince the title of Duke of Aquitaine and informed the English King that the French were going to retain the Agenais, an area of southwest France. Prince Edward had effectively been captured and his mother, Isabella the English Queen, had begun the plans of removing her husband from the throne of England.
At a Parliament called to discuss the situation in France, it was decided to send a petition to Isabella for her return to England. She refused. In France, her brother the King had become annoyed with Isabella's conduct. Isabella left France and went to the court of William II, Count of Hainault who assisted her with preparations to invade England. A promise was made to marry Prince Edward, now Duke of Aquitaine to William's daughter Philippa.
Preparations were made in England for the threatened invasion from Isabella. Preparations were made difficult because Hugh Despensers was so unpopular.
Isabella arranged the future marriage between her son Edward and Philippa the daughter of William count of Hainault. Isabella claimed part of Philippa's dowry in advance so that she could finance her invasion of England.
Isabella, the wife of Edward II and her supporters including Mortimer landed at Orwell in Suffolk. Their aim was to remove Edward II from his throne and place Prince Edward there as the new king. Isabella had no problem in raising an army from those opposed to the King and they advanced on London. Although Edward was in the Tower of London the rest of London was against him and he decided to leave the city and head west with his supporters including the Despensers and the Earl of Winchester.
Isabella of France the wife of King Edward II entered Bristol and was welcomed by the citizens there. The Earl of Winchester who had taken to the castle decided the best action was surrender. He was executed on the 27th of October as a traitor.
After the death of Charles IV the next rightful claimant to the French throne was not clear-cut as there was no male heir. Isabella, the sister of Charles, had married Edward II and their son Edward III had just taken on the rule of England. Isabella put in a claim for her son although in French law it was not possible to inherit the throne through the female line.
King Philippe VI of France was crowned at Rheims Cathedral. In England, Isabella, the mother of Edward III, declared that her son should be the French King as she, as the elder sister of the late King of France, Charles IV, had a better claim.
Queen Isabella, the wife of Edward II and the mother of Edward III died on the 22nd or 23rd of August.
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A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?