Isabella (of France, Wife of Edward II)

 Born     Born At  
 Died  1358   Buried At  
 Father  Philippe (IV, The Fair, King of France 1285-1314)   Mother  Joan (of Champagne)
Daughter of Philippe IV the king of France. Isabella married Edward II of England in 1308 and their eldest son became Edward III. Isabella was unhappily married to Edward and through a rebellion in 1327 had him imprisoned and ultimately executed and so she became know as the she-wolf of France. Isabella believed that because she was the daughter of Philippe IV and all her brothers had died without producing a male heir she had a claim to the French throne. Her son Edward III was to pursue this claim a few years later starting the 'Hundred Years War'.

Family Tree Details
Father: Philippe (IV, The Fair, King of France 1285-1314) ( - d.1314)
Mother: Joan (of Champagne)
Isabella (of France, Wife of Edward II) ( - d.1358)
+Edward (II, King of England 1307-1327) (b.1284 - d.1327) =Edward (III, King of England 1327-1377) (b.1312 - d.1377) | +Philippa (of Hainault) (b.1314 - d.1369) | =Edward (The Black Prince) (b.1330 - d.1376) | | +Joan (of Kent) (b.1328 - d.1385) | | =Edward (of Angouleme) (b.1365 - d.1372) | | =Richard (II, King of England 1377-1399) (b.1367 - d.1400) | | +Anne (of Bohemia) ( - d.1394) | | +Isabella (of France, Wife of Richard II) (b.1389 - d.1409) | =Isabella (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1382) | =Joan (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1348) | =William (Son of Edward III) | =Lionel (of Antwerp, Duke of Clarence) (b.1338 - d.1368) | | +Elizabeth (de Burgh) ( - d.1363) | | | =Philippa (daughter of Lionel Duke of Clarence) | | | +Mortimer, Edmund (3rd Earl of March) ( - d.1381) | | | =Mortimer, Roger (4th Earl of March) (b.1374 - d.1398) | | | =Mortimer, Edmund ( - d.1409) | | +Visconti, Violante | =John (of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster) ( - d.1399) | | +Blanche (of Lancaster) ( - d.1369) | | | =Henry (IV, King of England 1399-1413) (b.1367 - d.1413) | | | | +Bohun, Mary | | | | | =Henry (V, King of England 1413-1422) (b.1387 - d.1422) | | | | | =Thomas (Duke of Clarence) ( - d.1421) | | | | | =John (of Lancaster, Duke of Bedford) (b.1389 - d.1435) | | | | | =Humphrey (Duke of Gloucester) ( - d.1447) | | | | +Joanna (of Navarre) ( - d.1437) | | | =Philippa, (daughter of John of Gaunt) | | | | +John (I, of Portugal) | | | =Elizabeth (daughter of John of Gaunt) | | | +John (Earl of Pembroke - 1389) | | +Constance (of Castile) ( - d.1394) | | | =Katherine (of Lancaster) (b.1372 - d.1418) | | +Swynford, Catherine | | =Beaufort, John (1st Earl of Somerset) ( - d.1410) | | | +Holland, Margaret | | | =Beaufort, Henry (Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1418) | | | =Beaufort, John (1st Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1444) | | | =Beaufort, Edmund (2nd Duke of Somerset) ( - d.1455) | | | =Beaufort, Joan | | =Beaufort, Henry (Cardinal-Bishop of Winchester) (b.1376 - d.1447) | | =Beaufort, Thomas (Duke of Exeter) ( - d.1426) | | =Beaufort, Joan (daughter of John of Gaunt) (b.1379 - d.1440) | | +Neville, Ralph (Earl of Westmorland, Earl Marshal) (b.1364 - d.1425) | | =Neville, Cecily (Duchess of York) (b.1415 - d.1495) | | =Neville, Richard (Earl of Salisbury) ( - d.1460) | =Edmund (of Langley, Duke of York) ( - d.1402) | | +Isabella (of Castile) | | =Edward (Duke of York) ( - d.1415) | | =Richard (Earl of Cambridge) ( - d.1415) | | +Mortimer, Anne (daughter of Roger, Earl of March) | | =Richard (Duke of York) (b.1411 - d.1460) | =Mary (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1362) | =Margaret (Daughter of Edward III) ( - d.1361) | =Thomas (of Woodstock, Duke of Gloucester) ( - d.1397) =John (Earl of Cornwall) ( - d.1336) =Joan (Daughter of Edward II) | +David (II, King of the Scots 1329-1371) ( - d.1371) =Eleanor (Daughter of Edward II) +Reginald (Duke of Guelderland)

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Partial Personal Timeline

1308 Jan 25  Edward marries
 Edward II married Isabella of France, the daughter of King Philippe IV of France. The marriage took place at Boulogne and Edward left Gaveston as Regent in his absence. Edward alienated the Lords by placing Gaveston in such a powerful position.[1]

Episode: Edward II and Piers Gaveston  
1312 Qtr 1  Edward looks to Scotland for help
 Gaveston's return to England forced the Archbishop of Canterbury to honour his threat of excommunication and the Earls to prepare for civil war against the king. Edward and Gaveston travelled to Scotland to seek help from Robert the Bruce but were not welcome.[1]

Episode: Edward II and Piers Gaveston  
1315 Aug  Birth of John of Eltham
 While staying at Eltham Palace, Queen Isabella gave birth to a son called John and known as John of Eltham. 
1319 Sep 20  Battle of Myton
 While the best of the English army were at Berwick, a Scottish army led by Sir James Douglas invaded Yorkshire. With an untrained army the Archbishop of York, William Melton, tried to fight off the Scots but was defeated at Myton-in-Swalesdale. With the Scots threatening their lands in the north the earls, with Edward at Berwick, abandoned the siege and returned to their homes. Queen Isabella who was in York at the time managed to escape to safety at Nottingham.

Episode: Robert the Bruce  
1321 Oct  Siege of Leeds Castle
 Edward was forced to lay siege to Leeds Castle after an incident involving his wife Queen Isabella. The Queen had wanted to stay at the castle while travelling to Canterbury but was refused entry by the owners wife. The owner of the castle, who was not there at the time, was Lord Badlesmere, a supporter of Lancaster. When Isabella's men tried to gain access to the castle, some of them were killed. On hearing of the problem, Edward took an army to the castle and after a week broke the siege. Several of the Marcher Lords began to march into England in support of Lord Badlesmere. They only got as far as Kingston-upon-Thames when the siege ended. Edward then had every excuse to engage the Marcher Lords in their act of rebellion.[1] 
1322 Oct  Edward almost captured
 After returning from Scotland, Edward and Queen Isabella rested at Rievaulx Abbey in Yorkshire. The Scots were still nearby and met the English army led by the Earl of Richmond near Old Byland. The Scots defeated the English army and Edward had to flee to escape capture. Isabella too escaped.[1]

Episode: Robert the Bruce  
1325 Mar  Isabella leaves for France
 Isabella travelled to France to see King Charles IV her brother. Her mission was to bring to an end the disputes over land between France and England. The King agreed to the English reclaiming the lands of Gascony and Ponthieu as long as Edward came to Paris and paid homage. In Paris Isabella met Roger Mortimer who had recently escaped from the Tower of London. She fell in love with him.[1]

Episode: Isabella, She-Wolf of France and death of Edward II  
 Sep 21  Prince Edward is captured
 Prince Edward met Charles IV and paid him homage. The French king gave the Prince the title of Duke of Aquitaine and informed the English King that the French were going to retain the Agenais, an area of southwest France. Prince Edward had effectively been captured and his mother, Isabella the English Queen, had begun the plans of removing her husband from the throne of England.[1]

Episode: Isabella, She-Wolf of France and death of Edward II  
 Nov  Edward commands Isabella to return
 At a Parliament called to discuss the situation in France, it was decided to send a petition to Isabella for her return to England. She refused. In France, her brother the King had become annoyed with Isabella's conduct. Isabella left France and went to the court of William II, Count of Hainault who assisted her with preparations to invade England. A promise was made to marry Prince Edward, now Duke of Aquitaine to William's daughter Philippa.[1]

Episode: Isabella, She-Wolf of France and death of Edward II  
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