Neville, Anne (Duchess of Gloucester, Queen of England)

 Born  Jun 1456   Born At  
 Died  Mar 1485   Buried At  
 Father  Neville, Richard (Earl of Warwick, 'The Kingmaker')   Mother  Anne (Daughter of Richard Beauchamp)
nne Neville was the daughter of Richard Neville, known also as Warwick the Kingmaker, and his wife Anne. They had two daughters, Isabel the eldest and Anne who born in June 1456 at Warwick Castle. As was normal in the Middle Ages, the daughters of important barons were married to princes to gain political advantages and allies. In this case Anne's marriage to Edward of Lancaster , the Prince of Wales, formed part of the agreement between Richard Neville (Warwick the Kingmaker) and Queen Margaret to put her husband Henry VI back on the English throne. Warwick had originally fought with Edward IV against Henry VI, but events led to his exile in France where he was reconciled with the Queen. The marriage of the Queen's only son to Anne would go ahead if Warwick assisted in the successful return of King Henry to the throne. The young couple were betrothed at the Cathedral of Angers on July 25th, 1470. In September Warwick landed on the south coast of England and the fortunes of Edward IV turned and he was forced to flee the country. In October King Henry VI had been released from the Tower of London and crowned King of England for a second time. With the conditions met, Anne and Prince Edward were married in mid December at the Chateau d'Amboise in France.

In 1471 King Edward IV returned from exile with the help of the Duke of Burgundy and at the battle of Barnet the Earl of Warwick was killed. Three weeks later Anne's husband, Prince Edward was killed at the battle of Tewkesbury. Queen Margaret was taken prisoner and sent to the Tower of London.

After the battle Anne was taken by George Duke of Clarence to live with his wife Isabel, Anne's sister. Anne was kept virtually a prisoner as George knew of his brother Richard's intentions to marry Anne. If that happened the inheritance of the Earl of Warwick would have to be divided between George and Richard.

Watch out for a BBC television series called the 'White Queen' based on the events that took place during a period of the Wars of the Roses. Anne Neville is played by Faye Marsay.

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YearMonthAgeEvent
1470 Jul 25  14yrsBetrothal of Prince Edward and Anne Neville
 The betrothal of Prince Edward and Anne Neville formed part of the agreement between Queen Margaret and the Kingmaker to put King Henry VI back on the English throne. The act taking place at the Cathedral of Angers,[1]

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
 Dec 13  Marriage of Edward of Lancaster and Anne Neville
 The marriage between Edward of Lancaster, the son of Henry VI and Margaret of Anjou, to Anne Neville, the daughter of Richard Neville the Kingmaker was a marriage to cement the agreement that Richard and Margaret would support each other and try to get Henry VI back on the English throne. The marriage took place in France at the Chateau d'Amboise where Margaret and Edward were exiled.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
1472 Jul  16yrsRichard marries Anne Neville
 Richard III married Anne the widow of Edward Prince of Wales who died in 1471 at the Battle of Tewkesbury. Anne was the daughter of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick the 'Kingmaker', and had grown up with Richard III at Middleham Castle when he had been placed their for his education. Marrying Anne gave Richard III rights to the Earl of Warwick's northern estates. 
1473 Dec  17yrsBirth of Edward, Prince of Wales
 Edward, the son of Richard III and Anne Neville was born at Middleham Castle.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
1483 Jul 6  27yrsRichard III is crowned King
 Richard, Duke of Gloucester, was declared the true heir to the English throne after the marriage of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville was deemed unlawful and their sons illegitimate. He and Anne Neville, his wife, were crowned at Westminster Abbey. 
1484 Apr  28yrsPrince Edward dies
 Richard's only son died at Middleham Castle aged only eight. Anne was unable to have any more children and she would die in the following year. This left Richard with the problem of who should succeed him after his death. 
1485 Mar  29yrsDeath of Queen Anne
 Queen Anne died. 

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