|Born||21 May 1527||Born At|
|Died||13 September 1598||Buried At|
Family Tree Details
Philip (II, King of Spain 1556-1598) (b.1527 - d.1598)
+Mary (I, Queen of England 1553-1558, Bloody Mary, Mary Tudor) (b.1516 - d.1558)
Philip of Spain was the son of Emperor Charles V and Isabella, the daughter of Emanuel of Portugal.
Several groups around the country were unhappy with the proposal of marriage between Mary and Philip of Spain. In Wales a group was led by Sir James Croft. In Devon another group was led by Sir Peter Carew. The Duke of Suffolk was in Leicestershire, but it was only Sir Thomas Wyatt from Kent who managed to get a force together.
A Spanish embassy arrived at the Court of Queen Mary of England with a formal offer of marriage to Philip of Spain.
Parliament agreed to the marriage between Mary and Philip of Spain under certain conditions. These stated that Philip could not interfere with the workings of the realm and could not put any foreigners in positions of importance. Philip must not make moves to start a war between England and France. It also stated that Philip's son from his marriage to his first wife had no claim to the English throne and that only offspring from Philip and Mary could go on to rule England. If Mary died without an heir, Philip could not himself claim the Englsih throne. Philip could not alter any laws or remove any wealth from the country.
With marriage arrangements well under way Philip II of Spain landed at Southampton. He then travelled to Winchester where the marriage was to take place.
The marriage of Queen Mary of England and Philip of Spain took place. The marriage was conducted at Winchester Cathedral.
Philip II of Spain left England and travelled back to Brussels to see his father Charles. Charles was suffering from premature aging due to his excessive lifestytle and was preparing to abdicate from his duties as King of Spain and retire.
Philip of Spain became King of Spain upon the abdication of his father Charles.
Philip returned to England and Mary's side. During his stay he persuaded the Queen to declare war on France. Against the will of her Council, Mary agreed to Philip's request.
Philip II of Spain moved his court to Madrid. The town then became the capital of the country.The King set about building a new palace a few miles from Madrid called El Escorial and was designed in the form of a gridiron.