Rupert (Prince, count Palatine of the Rhine)

 Born  17 Dec 1619   Born At  
 Died  1682   Buried At  
 Father  Frederick (V Elector Palatine)   Mother  Elizabeth (Queen Consort of Bohemia)
Rupert was the nephew of Charles I, King of England. Rupert was the son of Frederick (the Winter King), elector of the Palatine and Elizabeth (the Winter Queen), daughter of James I and sister of Charles I. He was born in Prague in 1619 and was forced into exile from Bohemia to Holland with his family where he spent most of his childhood.

Family Tree Details
Father: Frederick (V Elector Palatine) (b.1596 - d.1632)
Mother: Elizabeth (Queen Consort of Bohemia) (b.1596 - d.1662)
Rupert (Prince, count Palatine of the Rhine) (b.1619 - d.1682)

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Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1642 Apr 23  23yrsCharles refused entry to Hull
 The city of Hull had a large store of weapons and both Parliament and King Charles wanted to take control of it. Parliament had wanted the arms to be shipped to the Tower of London for, they said, use in Ireland against the rebels, but Charles refused. Charles sent his son Prince Rupert to Hull on the 22nd of April and he had been welcomed. When Charles arrived a day later the Governor of Hull, Sir John Hotham a supporter of Parliament, refused him entry fearful that the King would take the arms by force.[1] 
 Sep  Prince Rupert at Leicester
 A sum of two thousand pounds was demanded by Prince Rupert from the people in Leicester to save their town from being robed. They only paid 500 pounds and complained to King Charles. The king was unhappy with the Princes' actions but the money was not handed back. [2] 
 Sep 23  Royalist victory at Powick Bridge
 Royalists led by Prince Rupert defeated a Parliamentarian force emerging from Powick Bridge that crossed the River Teme near Worcester. The Royalists attacked before the Parliamentarians had time to organise themselves, driving them back across the bridge. Prince Rupert's reputation as a formidable commander was made at this engagement.[3] 
 Oct 27  Banbury captured by Royalists
 The Royalists led by Charles moved on Banbury. The town surrendered without a fight and the Prince Rupert took control of the nearby Broughton Castle.[4] 
 Nov 4  Prince Rupert attacks Windsor Castle
 In early November Charles took Reading while Prince Rupert was attacking Windsor Castle. Prince Rupert's efforts failed so he turned his attention south to Brentford dealing the Parliamentary forces a heavy blow. Charles' next objective was to take London but the Londoners put an army together. When the Londoners' army was reinforced with the army of the Earl of Essex there was a standoff. The Royalist and Parliamentary armies faced each other at Turnham Green but Charles was outnumbered and chose to withdraw. 
1643 Apr 13  24yrsBattle of Ripple Field
 Prince Maurice, younger brother of Prince Rupert, defeated Sir William Waller at Ripple Field near Worcester. 
 Apr 20  Prince Rupert retakes Lichfield
 The Royalists under the command of Prince Rupert were determined to retake Lichfield Cathedral. Prince Rupert had a mine dug beneath the walls that surrounded the Cathedral and packed it with explosives. Before he blew the mine he had given those inside the walls a chance to surrender but they refused. The wall was breached and after a fight the Royalists retook control. This is generally thought to be the first time explosives were used in a mine in this way. The Cathedral suffered substantial damage at this time and was not fully restored for hundreds of years. 
1644 Jun  25yrsRupert advances on York
 Prince Rupert and his army had crossed the Pennines and was heading for York to rescue the city from the Parliamentary siege.[5] 
 Jul 2  Battle of Marston Moor
 With the arrival of Prince Rupert, the Parliamentarian forces led by generals Leven, Fairfax and Manchester abandoned the siege of York and headed south. Rupert followed and attacked the rear of the column forcing the fleeing army to stop. The Parliamentarians held the higher and tactically better position on Long Marston Moor. The Duke of Newcastle and his Royalist men joined Prince Rupert to create an army of around 18,000 men while the Parliamentarians had a force of around 28,000 men and had better artillery. Late in the day the fighting began with an attack by Leven and Fairfax in the centre. The attack did not go well for the Parliamentarians and Leven and Fairfax left the battlefield. Whan all seemed lost a cavalry unit commanded by Oliver Cromwell on the left of the field attacked the Royalists and gained the upper hand. The Royalists were defeated leaving some three to four thousand of their men dead. [5] 
1645 Jun 14  26yrsBattle of Naseby
 Sir Thomas Fairfax and the New Model Army caught the King at Naseby Field in Northamptonshire. Cromwell joined Fairfax and the combined Parliamentary force consisted of some 14,000 men while the King and Prince Rupert had around half that number. The King had a better position on the battlefield and had more experienced soldiers while some of the Parliamentary men were raw conscripts. For the Parliamentarians, Skippon commanded the infantry, Cromwell commanded the Ironsides to the left and to the right Ireton commanded his men. Both Skippon and Ireton were injured in the battle. Ireton was captured but managed to escape. Cromwell's Ironsides routed the Royalist army and the battle was won. King Charles was defeated. King Charles and his cavalry escaped to Leicester but he left has baggage train behind unprotected. Large amounts of the King's and his supporters money was captured by the Parliamentarians along with the King's personal letters.[5] 
 Sep 10  Royalists surrender Bristol
 Fairfax surrounded the city of Bristol which was held by Prince Rupert and several thousand Royalists soldiers. After a short siege Fairfax ordered an early morning assault on the city. Bristol fell to the Parliamentarians.[5] 

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