|Goodrich Castle Key Facts|
|County||Herefordshire (7 castles)|
|Directions||Five or six miles south of Ross-on-Wye off the A40. Well signposted.|
|Categories||Stone / Norman Square Keep|
|Remains||Not complete but much survives|
|Access to site||Only open at certain times|
|An imaginative plan of the Goodrich Castle|
The castle is roughly rectangular in shape with towers at the four corners. Three of the towers are circular with a square base built into the rock. The gatehouse with chapel attached make up the fourth corner.
The oldest surviving part of the castle is the Norman square keep. Built in the middle of the twelfth century. The orginal entrance woould have been on the first floor rather than at ground level. What is now a window would have been that doorway.
The castle is built on a outcrop of rock which has been cut a way to create a wide ditch on the south and east sides. The entance to the castle is to the north east through the well defended barbican. Any attacker would have to fight his way through the barbican to reach the gatehouse. A drawbridge could be raised to cut off the gatehouse from the barbican. At least one portcullis defended the gatehouse passage into the inner bailey. The passage also has holes in the through which hot oil could be dropped onto the attackers from the rooms above.
Images created using
|1204||Goodrich given to William Marshal|
|King John gave Goodrich castle to William Marshal on his marriage to the heiress of the earldom of Pembroke.|
|Early Modern Period (1500-1800)|
|At this time the castle was owned by the 7th Earl of Shrewsbury, but his death with no male heir transferred the ownership of Goodrich to Henry Grey, the Earl of Kent.|
|1646||Jul 31||Fall of Goodrich Castle|
|After a long siege the castle was captured by Parliamentary forces led by Colonel Birch. The order was then passed to destroy the castle so that it could not be used again. The order was carried out early in the following year.|
White Tower, London
One of the most important types of building in the time of William the Conqueror and William Rufus were the Norman keeps. Although many were rebuilt in the following century there are many good examples still remaining. The White Tower in London (pictured left), Dover and Rochester in the south east, Newcastle, Appleby, Carlisle, Brough, Richmond in the north are all examples of this type of castle. Other examples include Portchester, Guilford, Goodrich, Norwich, Castle Rising, Hedingham and Colchester. The castles are all built from a roughly uniform plan. A massive square tower with a square turret at each of the corners that project slightly. Each of the main faces of the castle has a flat buttress running up the centre of the wall for extra strength. The only parts that have decoration are usually the main doorway at the entrance and the chapel. At the centre of the keep are large halls. Some keeps have a dividing wall down the middle. Access to different levels and sections of the castle are by passages and spiral staircases built into the thick walls.
Take control of a medieval trebuchet to destroy the enemy castle and capture their flag.
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.