Hawarden Castle

he remains of this medieval castle include a round keep and some low sections of wall. The castle is located in north Wales five miles to the west of Chester. It was agreed that the castle was to be handed over to the Welsh at a meeting here between Llywelyn and Henry, the son of Simon de Montfort, but the deal fell through and the Welsh attacked and destroyed it in 1265. It was agreed that the English would not rebuilt the castle but they did and the Welsh attacked it again in 1282 capturing the constable, Roger de Clifford. During the Civil War the castle was under Royalist control. It was captured by Parliamentarians in 1643 but was quickly restored to Royalist control. The castle finally fell to the Parliamentarians in March of 1646 and was destroyed to ensure it could not be used again.

Hawarden Castle Key Facts
CountyFlintshire (4 castles)
DirectionsHawarden Castle is about eight miles to the west of Chester on minor roads (B5125).
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Comments
This castle appears to be part of the New Hawarden Estate which is a private residence. Access to the medieval castle is limited.

1265   Hawaden Castle attacked by the Welsh
 Llywelyn attacked Hawarden Castle because Henry de Montfort had promised to hand the castle over to the Welsh but had failed to honour the agreement.[1] 
1282 Mar  Hawarden Castle captured by the Welsh
 David ap Gruffydd attacked and took control the castle at Hawarden. The constable, Roger de Clifford, was captured during the attack.

Episode: Edward I and Wales  

Motte and Bailey Castles

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The Norman Conquerors built their castles in locations where they could keep control of the local populations of Saxons or at important locations such as river crossings or on key roads. Many motte and bailey castles were built on the border with Wales to try and keep the Welsh at bay. The advantage of this type of castle was that it was quick to construct. Making a fortification from wood was much easier than making one of stone.

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