Aberystwyth Castle

hat can now been seen of of Aberystwyth Castle are the remains of the structure built by James of St. George, the Master Mason and chief castle builder of King Edward I. An earlier fortification called Castell Tan-y-castell was built by the Norman lord Gilbert de Clare in around 1110 a short distance away. The lands of Cardinganshire were given to Rhys ap Grufydd in 1171 by Henry II and this included the castle at Aberystwyth. When Rhys died his succession was disputed by his sons and in Maelgwyn, one of the sons, rose up in revolt against his brother and captured the castle. In 1207/8 Maelgwyn destroyed the castle because he feared it would fall into the hands of Llywelyn the Great who was attacking and taking over Welsh lands. Llywelyn did take the lands belonging to Maelgwyn and rebuild the castle at Aberystwyth. The castle was then given to the grandsons of Rhys ap Grufydd, Rhys and Owen. Shortly after this King John of England took possession of the castle. In 1215 Llywelyn the Great captured many Welsh castles including Abervagenny, Cligarran and Aberystwyth.

In 1276 Edward I declared war on Llywelyn, the Prince of Wales. The English king advanced into north Wales building a series of castle on the coast. These castles were designed and built by James of St. George, Edward's master castle builder. James rebuilt the castle at Aberystywth at a new location. Being located near the coast meant the castle could be resupplied by ship, a safer means of getting food and men to the castle than across rugged Welsh countryside.

The castle remained in English hands until the revolt of Owain Glyndwr. A dispute over land resulted in a full scale rebellion against the English in Wales. Let by Glyndwr the Welsh captured many castles in North Wales including Aberystwyth. In 1407 Prince Henry (the future king Henry V) laid siege to the castle and captured it in 1408.

English Civil War

Aberystwyth Castle was held by Royalists during the English Civil war but was captured by the Parliamentarians under the command or Colonel Rice Powell. In around 1647/49 the castle was destroyed on the order of Oliver Cromwell to prevent it being used again as a fortress. Sometime after this silver coins were minted on the site of the castle using silver ore that was mined locally.

Aberystwyth Castle Key Facts
CountyCeredigion (3 castles)
CategoriesEdward I
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times

1110   Construction of Aberystwyth Castle
 An improved castle was built by the Norman Gilbert de Clare at Aberystwyth replacing an earlier fort.[1] 
1207   Aberystwyth Castle demolished
 The castle at Aberystwyth was demolished by Maelgwyn, the brother of the then Lord of Cardiganshire. Maelgwyn had risen up in revolt against his brother and put him in prison. Maelgwyn had first captured the castle but decided to destroy it because Llywelyn the Great was threatening to attack Maelgwyn's lands and he feared the that castle could fall into Llywelyn's hands.[2] 
1277   Aberystwyth Castle rebuilt
 Reconstruction of the castle at Aberystwyth was begun by the English during Edward I's conflict with Llywelyn ap Gruffydd.[1] 
1282   Aberystwyth Castle damaged
 The Welsh attacked and burnt the castle at Aberystwyth and its town.[1]

Episode: Edward I and Wales  
1284   Rebuilding work at Aberystwyth
 Edward I ordered reconstruction work at Aberystwyth Castle after it had been burnt and damaged in an earlier Welsh attack.[1] 
1404   Aberystwyth falls to the Welsh
 Owain Glyndwr captured the town of Aberystwyth and its castle after a lengthy blockade.[1]

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1407   Prince Henry besieges Aberystwyth
 Prince Henry laid siege to the castle at Aberystwyth in an attempt to remove the Welsh who had captured it in 1404.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  
1408 Autumn  Aberystwyth falls to Henry
 The Welsh surrender the castle at Aberyswyth. They had held out for a year. Prince Henry had tried destroying the castle with canons but had no success.

Episode: Glendowers Revolt  


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