In 1140 Lincoln the city and castle were taken possession supporters of Matilda, the daughter of King Henry I. Matilda was fighting to take the English throne from King Stephen. The King's army besieged the castle in the final months of 1140 and when news reached Matilda she sent her army to help. In February 1141 at the Battle of Lincoln King Stephen was captured and transported to Bristol where he was held prisoner for a short time.
At the start of the Civil War, in the reign of Charles I, the castle was fortified and held by Royalist supporters. But the castle and the city fell to Parliamentarian forces in May 1644.
|Lincoln Castle Key Facts|
|County||Lincolnshire (4 castles)|
|Categories||Motte & Bailey|
|Remains||Not complete but much survives|
|Access to site||Only open at certain times|
|1068||Construction of Lincoln Castle|
|William the Conqueror ordered that building work on a castle at Lincoln was to be started.|
|1140||Dec||Stephen besieges Lincoln|
|Lincoln, held by Matilda's supporters, was besieged by King Stephen. The siege would continue until February the next year.|
Episode: Civil War Stephen and Matilda
The Norman Conquerors built their castles in locations where they could keep control of the local populations of Saxons or at important locations such as river crossings or on key roads. Many motte and bailey castles were built on the border with Wales to try and keep the Welsh at bay. The advantage of this type of castle was that it was quick to construct. Making a fortification from wood was much easier than making one of stone.
Do you want to explore a Saxon Hall, a medieval church or a large stone keep? Click the images below to enter a medieval world.
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.