Winchester Cathedral

n 1070 Stigand, the Saxon bishop, was replaced by Walkelin a Norman. The existing building was demolished to make way for a new Cathedral. The importance of area on which the Cathedral is built went back a long way. In 635 Cynegils, the king of West Saxon was baptised as part of Christianity coming to Saxon England. In 899, Alfred the Great was buried in the Old Minster (one of the earlier buildings) and then moved to the New Minster that was built to the north of it. The Saxon church remained standing until the Norman Cathedral was completed by Easter of 1093. Much of the Cathedral built by Walkelin has been altered over the years. The central tower collapsed in 1107, blamed on the fact that William Rufus had been buried beneath it seven years earlier, and it was completely rebuilt. The legend of St. Swithun could be based on the fact that as his body was moved from the site in the Old Minster to a more splendid position, a violent storm occurred. Whether it did rain for 40 days is not known. Winchester is the longest cathedral in Europe with a length of 556 feet. The main work on the cathedral was performed by two bishops, William of Wykeham (1367-1404) and Henry Beaufort, Cardinal-Bishop of Winchester (1405-47). William Wynford was the main architect under Wykeham.

Dimensions: General

FeetInches
Total Length5260
West wall to east window4000
Length of nave2420
Height of nave780
Width of nave880
Transept width2080
Length of choir1500
Height of tower1400
Area53480 sq.feet
Source: Medieval Monasteries and Minsters:Roberts;
YearMonthEvent
964   Benedictines at Winchester
 At the bidding of St. Dunstan Benedictine monks moved from the Abbey of Abingdon to Winchester. Work began on a new Saxon church on the site. 
994 Winter  Trygvasson converted to Christianity
 Through the Winter months Aethelred provided the Vikings with lodgings and £16,000 in cash to stop the raids on his land. Aethelred was also the sponsor at the baptism of Olaf Trygvasson. Olaf was given instruction from the Bishop of Winchester.[1]

Episode: Viking Invasions  
1047   Stigand at Winchester
 Stigand was promoted to the position of Bishop at Winchester. 
1079 - 1093 Winchester Cathedral crypt
 Work began on the crypt and transepts of Winchester Cathedral. Until 1093.[2] 
1100 Aug  William buried at Winchester
 William Rufus was buried under the tower of Winchester Cathedral. The tower fell down (either in 1101 or 1107 ?). The cause was blamed on the wickedness of the King's bones but was probably due to poor construction or uncertain foundations. 
1108 - 1120 Winchester Cathedral tower
 Work began on the tower of Winchester Cathedral in 1108 and building continued Until 1120.[2] 
1172 Aug 28  The Young King is crowned
 At a ceremony at Winchester Cathedral Henry, the Young King, and his wife Margaret were both crowned.[3] 
1194 Apr 17  The 'Crown Wearing'
 Richard took part in a precession to Winchester Cathedral. The king wore a golden crown and was followed by notables from the Church and State. The previous Crown Wearing was in 1158.[4] 
1202 - 1235 Winchester Cathedral Retrochoir and Lady Chapel
 Work began on the retrochoir (area to the east of the presbytery) and the Lady Chapel of Winchester Cathedral. Until 1235.[2] 
1219   William Marshal dies
 William Marshal is succeeded by Peter de Roches, Bishop of Winchester and Hubert de Burgh who was Justiciary. 
1232   Peter des Rievaulx becomes treasurer
 Peter des Rievaulx, the nephew of the Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester, is made treasurer of the Henry III's household and keeper of the king's wardrobe. This moved him into an extremely important position for controlling the king's affairs.[5] 
1265 Summer  Armies march
 Simon's son was sent to London to raise money and troops. He diverted back through Winchester which was loyal to the king and then moved through Oxford and Northampton. Edward (I) moved from Worcester to Bridgnorth destroying bridges and means of allowing Simon who was on the Welsh side of the Avon from crossing back. The people of Bristol, friendly to Simon's cause sent ships to Newport to help Simon cross, but they were intercepted and destroyed by Edward.[5]

Episode: The Second Barons' War  
1360   Winchester Cathedral West Front
 Work began on the West Front of Winchester Cathedral. Extra work was carried out on the North and South aisles[2] 
1394   Winchester Cathedral rebuilding work
 Work began on converting the Norman front and nave of Winchester Cathedral to the Perpendicular style by the Bishop of Winchester, William of Wykeham. 
1490 - 1500 Winchester Cathedral Lady Chapel
 Work was carried out on the Lady Chapel of Winchester Cathedral.[2] 
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1554 Jul 25  Marriage of Queen Mary and Philip II of Spain
 The marriage of Queen Mary and Philip of Spain took place. The marriage was conducted at Winchester Cathedral. 

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