he abbey of Cluny was founded by William I of Aquitaine, also known as William the Pious. The abbey is located in the south of France in the area called Burgundy. It's founding abbot was a man called Berno, who used the strict Benedict Rule to base the rules of the new abbey upon.


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910   Abbey of Cluny founded
 The abbey of Cluny was founded by William I, Duke of Aquitaine (d.918). The abbey became founding member of a new Order of Monks known as the Cluniacs. All of Cluny's daughter houses sent money back to the abbey and it became very rich.[1] 
1088 Mar  Urban becomes Pope
 Urban II was elected Pope in 1088. His real name was Odo of Lagery and chose the name Urban when he became Pope. He had at first been a monk at the abbey at Cluny from 1070 and had become a prior there. 
his Dorset abbey was founded by Orc, a steward of Canute, and his wife Tola. Orc also became a steward of Edward the Confessor and in Edward's reign the abbey was populated with Benedictine monks. At the Suppression of the Monasteries the abbey was closed and the buildings robbed for their stone. Very little remains of the main church buildings but a large medieval barn the size of a church still exists. Also nearby, on a hill overlooking the sea, is a chapel dedicated to St. Catherine that was built in the fifteenth century.


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lso known as Trefenty Castle. Remains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyConwy (6 castles)
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
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ust the artificial mound remains of was once possibly a motte and bailey castle. Aber Castle was also known as Mwd Castle and is thought to have been built or improved upon by Llywelyn the Great, the powerful Welsh leader who died in 1240.


Key Facts
CountyGwynedd (7 castles)
DirectionsLocated a few miles to the east of Bangor in north Wales. Just to the south of the A55.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
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otte and earthwork remains of a medieval castle. Located on the north-west corner of Anglesey and a few miles away from Beaumaris Castle.


Key Facts
CountyIsle of Anglesey (2 castles)
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
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ore information required.


Key Facts
CountyWest Lothian (1 castle)
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
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No Items
his is the Welsh castle where Llywelyn, the Prince of Wales was killed in 1282. The castle was built in the thirteen century and consisted of a square enclosure with four round towers at the corners. It replaced an older motte and bailey castle located nearby. Not much of the castle now remains as it was badly damaged when a railway line was built on its edge and stone from the walls were used as balast for the tracks.


Key Facts
CountyPowys (11 castles)
Categories
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteNo Access - Private
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inor remains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountySurrey (4 castles)
DirectionsAround five miles to the south-west of Dorking off the B2126
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
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emains of a motte and bailey castle. The bailey gate survives and the castle eathworks. Free to access and under the care of English Heritage.


Key Facts
CountyNorfolk (6 castles)
CategoriesPre Medieval / Motte & Bailey / Stone
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
TimeRef Rating
TimeRef Comments
While here visit Castle Acre Priory just down the road.
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cton Burnell Castle is located in the village of Acton Burnell a few miles from Shrewsbury. Built by Edward Burnell in around 1284 who was the Lord Chancellor of Edward I. The ruins can be seen next to the village church. The ownership of the castle went to King Henry VII in 1486 after the battle of Stoke and later the castle was given to the Earl of Surrey by Henry VIII.


Key Facts
CountyShropshire (13 castles)
CategoriesFortified Manor House
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
TimeRef Comments
Maintained by English Heritage and is free to access.
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No Items
emains of a motte and bailey castle alongside the river in Aldford just south of Chester.


Key Facts
CountyCheshire (4 castles)
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ocation of a motte and bailey castle just to the north of Coventry city centre. Nothing now remains.


Key Facts
CountyWest Midlands (2 castles)
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsVery litte if any at all
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
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No Items
ossibly a castle existed on the site at the time of Henry III but in 1281 the owner at the time was given a licence to crenellate and fortify the structure.This was Sir Stephen de Pencester the constable of Dover and Lord Warden of the Cinque Ports. The castle was defended by a wide moat that was fed from the River Medway. In 1492 the castle passed into the hands of the Wyatt family. Born at the castle were Sir Thomas Wyatt in 1503, a poet, and his son also called Thomas who was involved in a rebellion against Queen Mary in 1554. Wyatt's rebellion as it is known ended in failure and he was executed on 11th April, 1554.


Key Facts
CountyKent (13 castles)
CategoriesFortified Manor House
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteNo Access - Private
Outer Defences
MoatThe castle has a wide moat fed by the River Medway
TimeRef Comments
Privately owned castle and no access.
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he hill on which the remains of the castle stand is a natural outcrop of rock. The site was used prior to the medieval period as well as by the Normans.


Key Facts
CountyWest Yorkshire (2 castles)
CategoriesPre Medieval
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
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privately owned castle now a restaurant and hotel. Like Arundel Castle a few miles to the south, Amberley Castle was built near the River Arun. The curtain wall at Amberley was built by its owner at the time Bishop Rede in around 1378. This was at a time when the threat of invasion from France was very real and the river was a potential invasion route that the French could use. The curtain wall is roughly rectangular and has a strong gatehouse with two towers each side of the entrance. Marshland and a moat protected the castle from attack.


Key Facts
CountyWest Sussex (5 castles)
DirectionsA few mile to the west of Storrington on the B2139.
CategoriesFortified Manor House
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Comments
This is now a hotel so you would probably have to be a guest to explore the remains. It looks expensive.
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emains of a peel tower. The castle is on private land.


Key Facts
CountyPembrokeshire (12 castles)
CategoriesStone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteNo Access - Private
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ounded by Ranulf de Meschines The main keep, known as Caesar's Tower, was built at the end of the twelfth century when the castle was a royal possession. The castle was granted by King John to Robert de Vieuxpont in 1203. The Cliffords were later granted ownership of the castle and many improvements were made including the gatehouse, hall and chapel. The castle was later restored in the seventeenth century by Lady Anne Clifford. The castle is not open to the public.


Key Facts
CountyCumbria (6 castles)
CategoriesStone
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteNo Access - Private
TimeRef Comments
This is a privately owned castle and sadly there is no access for the general public.
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ydon Castle is an excellent example of a fortified manor house and was built at the end of the thirteenth century. The main building was two floors and is cruciform in design. The main rooms including the hall and living quarters are located on the first floor and are accessed by an external staircase. To one side of the main hall is the kitchen and to the other is the solar.


Key Facts
CountyNorthumberland (15 castles)
CategoriesFortified Manor House
RemainsExcellent remains
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
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No Items
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Anstey Castle
  51.97683 0.042719 (TL40403290)
Ascot D'Oilly Castle
  51.86965 -1.559876 (SP30401910)
Ashton Keynes Castle
  51.64748 -1.930578 (SU04909430)
Astley Castle
  52.50161 -1.540338 (SP31308940)
Astwell Castle
  52.09192 -1.113968 (SP60804410)
 
 

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