emains of a forfified manor house built by the Heydon family of Norfolk. The gatehouse form thae largest remains of the castle. The rest of the rectangular inner bailey walls exist to a few feet. Access to the castle would have been via a drawbridge across the moat.


Key Facts
CountyNorfolk (6 castles)
CategoriesFortified Manor House
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
No Items
aginton (or Bagot's) Catle is located in the the small hamlet of Baginton just south of Coventry in Warwickshire. Originally constructed in the late 11th or 12th century. Consisting of a motte and bailey castle with later stone buildings. Sir William Bagot improved the castle by constructing a large fortified tower.


Key Facts
CountyWarwickshire (8 castles)
DirectionsOn private land and has limited access.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ampton Castle was a motte and bailey type castle located in Devonshire. Captured by King Stephen in 1136. In 1336 permission was granted to Richard Cogan to refortify the castle. No remains of the castle are left except the mound of earth that formed the motte.


Key Facts
CountyDevon (10 castles)
DirectionsAt the north-east end of the village of Bampton a few miles north of Tiverton, Devon.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
1136   King Stephen captures Bampton
 Bampton Castle in Devon captured by King Stephen.

Episode: Civil War Stephen and Matilda  
1336   Bampton Castle rebuilding work
 License to crenelate (fortify) the castle at Bampton in Devon was granted. 
large Norman stone castle built overlooking the River Tees on top of a 100 foot high rocky outcrop. It was originally built by Barnard de Balliol who died in 1167. The castle castle was divided into four wards each divided by walls and ditches. The larger outer ward to the south now no longer exists and has been built upon but the local road still follows the outline of the castle walls. To protect the north-east, east and southern sides of the castle away from the cliffs a ditch was dug. An entrance to the castle can be found on the northern wall that was protected by a gate-house and orginally a drawbridge. Two towers, one semi-circular and one rectangular are built into the northern wall. Much of the curtain walls remain.

In around 1255 John Balliol, the father of the future king of Scotland and the then owner of the castle became involved in a dispute with the Bishop of Durham, Walter de Kirkham. The dispute over a manor escallated when hostages were taken and the Bishop excommunicated some of the baron's men. In the end the king had to intervene. In 1263 John Balliol founded Balliol College, Oxford, possibly to atone for his earlier dealings with the bishop.

John's son, also called John Balliol was chosen by Edward I to become the King of Scotland in 1292. His position only lasted for four years when a disagreement with the English king led to hostilities. Balliol lost control of Barnard Castle and it was claimed by Antony Bek, the Bishop of Durham, a supporter of the English king.

King Richard III took possession of the castle when he married Cecily Neville.Mainained by English Heritage.


Key Facts
CountyCounty Durham (3 castles)
DirectionsSixteen miles to the west of Darlington on the A67.
CategoriesStone / Cliff-top
OwnershipRoyal and Baronial castle
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ust the mound on which the keep was located is all that remains of this once important castle. Located near the river at the centre of Barnstaple, Devon. The castle was lived in by Judhael de Totnes who founded a Cluniac priory near by. Even in the 14th century the castle was a ruin.


Key Facts
CountyDevon (10 castles)
DirectionsAt the centre of Barnstaple nears the river.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ubstantial stone castle and manor house. Privately owned.


Key Facts
CountyNorthamptonshire (4 castles)
DirectionsPrivate. No access.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Fortified Manor House
RemainsExcellent remains
Access to siteNo Access - Private
YearMonthEvent
No Items

Basilica of Saint Denis

he construction of this important church, located a few miles to the north of Paris where many of the French kings are buried, was begun in around 1140 by Abbot Suger, a counsellor of King Louis VI of France. The chosen site was that of an earlier monastery itself built on the site of a Roman tomb. In the middle of the 7th century King Dagobert I built the first church here.


YearMonthEvent
No Items

Basingwerk Abbey

asingwerk Abbey near Holywell in north Wales was founded in around 1131 by Ranulph Earl of Chester as part of the Savignac Order. Henry II may have provided the abbey with extra endowments. Basingwerk became a daughter house of Buildwas Abbey in Shropshire when the Savignac Order merged with the larger Cistercian Order.


YearMonthEvent
1131   Basingwerk Abbey founded
 The North Welsh Cistercian Abbey was colonised by monks from the Norman house called Savigny and was possibly founded by the Earl of Chester at the time, Ranulf de Gernon.[1] 

Baynard's Castle

efers to two different castles built near each other at different times in London. The original castle was built by Ralph Baynard who was a supporter of William the Conqueror. This castle was situated near the current location of St. Paul's Cathedral on the northern banks of the River Thames and demolished in 1213 by King John. The second was a medieval palace which was greatly improved upon over the centuries. The castle had many important owners including Edward IV and Richard III. Its end came in 1666 with the Great Fire of London during which it was badly damaged and afterwards never rebuilt.


YearMonthEvent
1079   Constuction of Baynard's Castle
 The first of two castles located in London taking the name Baynard's Castle was built shortly after the Norman Conquest by Ralph Baynard, a Norman who was granted large amounts of land by William the Conqueror. The castle was demolished by King John in 1213. 
ust earthwork remains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyWarwickshire (8 castles)
DirectionsTo the east of Henley-in-Arden.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
eaulieu is a Cistercian Abbey found in tne New Forest near Southampton on the south coast of England. The abbey was founded by King John in 1203/04 and became and important mother house sending monks to found daughter abbeys at Hailes, Newenham and Netley.


YearMonthEvent
1203   Beaulieu Abbey founded
 Founded by King John who wanted to become an object of prayer by the Cistercian order. The abbey was built on the site of a hunting lodge in the New Forest and was colonised by monks directly from Citeaux.[1] 
1246   Beaulieu Abbey dedicated
 The Cistercial abbey at Beaulieu founded earlier by King John was dedicated in the presence of King Henry III, Queen Eleanor and Prince Edward.[2] 
1351   Eastminster Abbey founded
 Edward III founded a new Cistercian abbey near the Tower of London. Monks from Beaulieu Abbey populated the new abbey.[3] 
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1536 Summer  Netley Abbey surrenders to the King
 Under the Act of the Dissolution of the Lesser Monasteries it was determined that Netley Abbey was to be dissolved. The Abbot at the time and his monks moved to their mother house at Beaulieu.[2] 
lso known as Old Beaupre or Bewpyr. More of a fortifier manor house than a castle. Owned by the Basset family from its construction in the 13th Century until the early 18th century. Notable for its inner porch. Located in South Wales a few miles to the west of Cardiff.


Key Facts
CountyVale of Glamorgan (3 castles)
CategoriesFortified Manor House
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
his medieval castle was constructed in the late fourteenth or possibly in the fifteenth century by the Middleton family. At the centre of teh castle they built was a three storey rectangular tower with circular turrets at the four corners. On the walls between the corners are battlements is the same style as on top of the turrets. One turret is taller than the rest and contains the staircase that links the three floors. The gorund floor has a pointed tunnel vault and was used as a kitchen. The main hall was located on the first floor while the top floor has several small rooms. At a later period a house was built alongside the tower, and in the early nineteenth century the castle and house were abandoned when Belsay Hall was built a short distance to the south east.


Key Facts
CountyNorthumberland (15 castles)
CategoriesStone
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Comments
This castle is now cared for by English Heritage.
YearMonthEvent
No Items
elvoir Castle was originally a Norman castle but over time this has been replaced by what is now a stately house. It is open to the public as certain times.


Key Facts
CountyLeicestershire (2 castles)
Categories
Possibly nothing of the original Norman castle remains.
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsVery litte if any at all
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of a motte and bailey castle. These form part of Benington Lordship Gardens which are not normally open to the public apart from a few times a year. Look for the Benington Lordship website for details.


Key Facts
CountyHertfordshire (5 castles)
DirectionsTo the west of Benington village which is on minor roads three or four miles to the east of Stevenage.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
arthworks remains of a possible motte and bailey castle. The area has been ploughed so the exact form of the original design is unclear.


Key Facts
CountyWorcestershire (6 castles)
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
erkhamsted Castle was an important castle during the Medieval period. It was at Berkampstead that William the Conqueror accepted the submission of the Saxon leaders before moving to London to be crowned King of England. The castle at Berkampstead was built by William the Conqueror's half-brother Robert, the count of Mortain. This first castle would have been a wooden motte and bailey type. The castle was improved greatly over the centuries being replaced by stone. The castle was defended by a series of moats and walls with gate houses and drawbridges. In 1216 the English barons who opposed King John requested help from Prince Louis of France. Louis invaded England and besieged the castle which surrendered to him within a few weeks. The castle was recaptured in the following year. Although the castle remained mainly in royal ownership it was given to Thomas Becket by Henry II and later it was given to Piers Gaveston by Edward II. Edward the Black Prince was given ownership of the castle by his father Edward III as part of the duchy or Cornwall and it is here that the Prince imprisoned King John II of France after the French defeat at the Battle of Poitiers. The end of the castle came in around 1580 when it was granted to Sir Edward Cary, the Keeper of the Jewels, who is thought to have used masonary from the castle to build Berkhampstead Place, a house that overlooks the castle from a hill.

Because so much of the stone was removed only a few remains of the castle can still be seen. These include the motte with the foundations of a shell keep, the moat and several low sections of the curtain wall that surrounded the bailey.


Key Facts
CountyHertfordshire (5 castles)
DirectionsTo the north-east side of Berkhamstead town
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
OwnershipRoyal castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
1216   Berkhamsted Castle is captured by the French
 Prince Louis of France besieged the castle at Berkhamsted. It fell to his army within a few weeks. 
he ruins of this castle can be found deep in the woods less than three miles to the east of Totnes, Devon. The castle was owned originally by the Norman Pomeroy family. In around 1547 the castle was sold to the Seymour family and Sir Edward Seymour began the construction of a new fortified manor house within the defences of the old castle. The house was enlarged over several generations but never quite finished and it was left to fall into disrepair when the family moved out. Berry Pomeroy is supposed to be haunted by ghosts.


Key Facts
CountyDevon (10 castles)
Directionsabout four miles to the east of Totnes on the A385 and then on minor roads. Follow English Heritage signposts,
CategoriesFortified Manor House
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Rating
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of a stone castle.


Key Facts
CountyGloucestershire (4 castles)
DirectionsTo the north of Beverston village on the A4135 a couple of miles to the west of Tetbury, Gloucestershire.
CategoriesStone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteNo Access - Private
YearMonthEvent
No Items
oated manor house now privately owned and used as a bed-and-breakfast and wedding venue.


Key Facts
CountyDevon (10 castles)
DirectionsAbout eleven miles to the north of Exeter on the A396
CategoriesFortified Manor House
RemainsExcellent remains
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
o visible remains of what was once a motte and bailey castle. Discovered by arial photography of land near the River Ivel.


Key Facts
CountyBedfordshire (3 castles)
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsVery litte if any at all
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
cant remains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyShropshire (13 castles)
DirectionsAt the north end of Bishop's Castle town. Bishop's Castle town is just off the A488 about 23 miles south of Shrewsbury.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of a motte and bailey castle. Also known as Waytemore Castle.


Key Facts
CountyHertfordshire (5 castles)
DirectionsTowards the north of Bishop's Stortford overlooking the river.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ust earthworks and low walls remain of this stone castle. The plan shows that the castle was hexagonal in design. It was the birth place of Henry Bolingbroke, the future king Henry IV of England.


Key Facts
CountyLincolnshire (4 castles)
DirectionsIn the village of Old Bolingbroke a couple of miles to the west of Spilsby, Lincolnshire.
CategoriesStone
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
olton Castle is located in the North Riding of Yorkshire. The licence to crenellate was given in July 1379 to Richard Scrope, the Chancellor of England, who had complained that his land was being broken into and livestock and goods were being stolen. According to Leland, writing in the reign of Henry VIII, Bolton Castle took 18 years to build at a cost of 1000 Marks each year of its construction and that it was completed in 1399. He also wrote that there was an Astronomical Clock in the courtyard and commented on the way smoke was conveyed from the hearth in the hall, through tunnels through the walls. Sir Francis Knollys describes Bolton as having “The highest walls of any house he had seen”. Richard Scrope must have been very wealthy as he also bought the Kingdom of The Isle of Man for his son William for £10000. The castle forms a rectangular block measuring 187 feet (north) by 125 feet (east) by 184 feet (south) and by 131 feet (west). The corner towers stand 95 feet high. (The English Castle, E.B. D'Auvgerne).

In July of 1568, Mary Queen of Scots was brought to the castle as a captive where she spent time in the south-west tower. As the castle did not have suitable luxuries befitting a queen, items of furniture were borrowed to make Mary's stay more pleasurable. Mary remained at the castle for six months uintil, in February 1569, she was moved to Tutbury Castle in Staffordshire.


Key Facts
CountyNorth Yorkshire (11 castles)
DirectionsAbout eight miles to the west of Leyburn, near the village of Castle Bolton off the A684.
CategoriesStone
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsExcellent remains
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Rating
YearMonthEvent
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1568 Jul 15  Queen Mary taken to Bolton Castle
 As a captive, Mary, Queen of Scots, was taken along with her many servants to Bolton Castle where she was held for six months.[4] 
ordesley Abbey was a Cistercian abbey founded in 1138 by Waleran, the earl of Worcester, and monks from Garendon.


YearMonthEvent
1138   Foundation of Bordesley Abbey
 Waleran, the earl of Worcester founds a new Cistercian abbey with help from monks from Garendon.[1] 
ramber Castle is a Norman motte and bailey castle built soon after the Conquest of Britain. William the Conqueror granted the land to William de Braose who constructed the castle on the site. Originally this would have been a wooden fort but over time it was replaced by stone. Sadly vaery little of the castle remains to be seen as the stone has been robbed to be used in roads and buildings in the area surrounding it. The castle was owned by the de Braose family, the Mowbray family and then by the Howards who owned Arundel Castle near by.


Key Facts
CountyWest Sussex (5 castles)
DirectionsOn the west side of Bramber town. Near the A283.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
Only one section of wall remains.
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
1208   John demands hostages
 King John suspected that the loyalty of some barons towards the Crown was not strong so demanded they provide hostages to ensure they did not rise up against him. William de Braose was one of these barons. When a messanger arrived at Bramber Castle from the King with demands to hand over his children William de Braose refused stating that he could not trust the King with their safety. Together with his family William fled to Ireland.[5] 
ery little remains of the castle that once stood at the centre of Bridgwater on the river Parret in Somerset. Built by William de Briwere in the reign of King John in around 1210. Mainly destroyed during the English Civil War. A water gate can still be seen.


YearMonthEvent
No Items
arthworks and possibly some stone remains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyGloucestershire (4 castles)
DirectionsNear the village of Brimpsfield which is three or fours miles south-east of J11A of the M5 off the A417.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ocation of a Norman motte and bailey castle. The motte is still visible and appears to have a public path nearby.


Key Facts
CountyWarwickshire (8 castles)
DirectionsIn the village of Brinklow which is about eight miles to the east of Coventry on the B4027
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
No Items
his small Norman motte and bailey castle with a round tower on top of an artificial mound overlooks the river Llynfi and provides excellent views over the countryside. The area where the castle stands became the property of Bernard de Newmarch a few years after the Norman Conquest. The land for the castle was given to Richard fitz Pons and he or his son Walter, who took the name Clifford, constructed the castle in the early twelfth century. Part of the round tower still survives.


Key Facts
CountyPowys (11 castles)
DirectionsAbout half a mile south-east of Bronllys which is about ten miles north-east of Brecon on the A470, A438
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
rough Castle was built on an existing Roman site by William Rufus in around 1090. Destroyed by William the Lion in 1174. The castle became the property of the Clifford family and Lady Anne Clifford repaired the buildings in the seventeenth century but after her death the castle was abandoned and the stones were robbed to build other buildings in the area. Some sections of the curtains walls and keep remain.


Key Facts
CountyCumbria (6 castles)
DirectionsAbout eight miles to the south-east of Appleby.
CategoriesStone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
No Items
rougton Castle is an excellent example of a fortified manor house. This rectangular castle was first built by the Broughton family in middle or late thirteenth century at the centre of a lake created when a brook was dammed up. The main defence of the castle is the lake surrounding it. Access to the castle is via a causeway and through a strong gate-tower. Sir Thomas Wykeham inherited the castle from his father Bishop William of Wykeham who bought the castle. Sir Thomas was granted a 'licence to crenellate' enabling his to greatly improve the structure and defences of the castle.


Key Facts
CountyOxfordshire (8 castles)
DirectionsOn the B4035 three or four miles to the south-west of Banbury.
CategoriesFortified Manor House
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsExcellent remains
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Comments
Limited access to this castle as it is privately owned.
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ound marked on map. No other information.


Key Facts
CountyShropshire (13 castles)
DirectionsAbout twelve miles west-north-west of Clun on the B4368. Nearest settlement is called Anchor.
CategoriesPre Medieval
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of the twin-tower gatehouse and some sections of curtain walls.


Key Facts
CountySuffolk (5 castles)
DirectionsTowards the northern end of the town of Bungay
CategoriesStone
OwnershipRoyal and Baronial castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
inor remains of a motte and bailey castle. No information and possibly on private land.


Key Facts
CountyRutland (1 castle)
DirectionsJust to the north of Burley village which is three or four miles to the north-east of Oakham
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ossible remains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyNorth Yorkshire (11 castles)
DirectionsIn small village of Buttercrambe about ten miles to the north east of York on minor roads off A166.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ocated on the side of the River Tyne on the edge of Bywell village. All that remains of the castle is the rectangular gatehouse and part of the curtain wall. The gatehouse with three floors and an entrance at the centre was protected by a portcullis. A plan of the building shows vaulted rooms on each side of the central passage and a staircase leading to the upper floors at the end of that passage. The remains are privately owned and not normally open to the public.


Key Facts
CountyNorthumberland (15 castles)
CategoriesStone
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteNo Access - Private
YearMonthEvent
No Items
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