ne of the gun-forts built by Henry VIII along the south coast of England to help prevent attack.


Key Facts
CountyKent (13 castles)
DirectionsOn the seafront at Deal, Kent.
CategoriesHenry VIII Gun Fort
OwnershipRoyal castle
RemainsExcellent remains
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Comments
Another gun-fort built be Henry VIII is nearby at Walmer to the south.
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emains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyOxfordshire (8 castles)
DirectionsOn the east side of the village of Deddington about twelve miles to the east of Chipping Norton on the A361 and B4031. Nearest motorway junction M40 J10
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Comments
Check English-Heritage website for opening times.
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No Items
his original Dark Ages fort built on top of two outcrops of rock and used by the important Welsh ruler Maelgwyn, King of Gwynedd was later reused by the Normans. Not much of the stone castle remains. The castle was captured by the Welsh and recaptured by the English several times, each time the castle was destroyed and rebuilt. The last siege at the castle ended in 1263 when the English garrison were starved out by an attacking Welsh army. After that the castle was totally demolished and never rebuilt.


Key Facts
CountyConwy (6 castles)
DirectionsOverlooking the town of Deganwy.
CategoriesPre Medieval / Stone / Cliff-top
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
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evizes is located in Wiltshire and was constructed originally from wood. When this burnt down a new castle was built from stone by Roger, Bishop of Salisbury in around 1120. The castle was destroyed during the English civil war. The remains of the castle are not open to the public.


Key Facts
CountyWiltshire (6 castles)
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteNo Access - Private
YearMonthEvent
1139 Jun  Roger, Bishop of Salisbury is arrested
 King Stephen arrested Roger, the Bishop of Salisbury. Bishop Roger was a powerful landowner and had several castles. Stephen also arrested Alexander, the bishop of Lincoln and had him imprisoned. Stephen wanted to take control to bishop Roger's castles and the bishop was taken to his castle at Devizes where he was held captive outside the walls and starved until the castle surrendered. Roger's son was also captured and tortured until the castle finally fell to the King. Roger's castle at Sherborne was also captured by Stephen. The castles at Newark and Sleaford in Lincolnshire belonging to bishop Alexander were forced to surrender to the King using the same underhand tactics.

Episode: Civil War Stephen and Matilda  
1157   Devizes Castle passed to the Crown
 The castle at Devizes passed into King Henry II's control.[1] 
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1643 Jul 10  Royalists cornered at Devizes
 The Royalists were badly affected by the injuries suffered at Lansdowne Hill especially when Hopton was injured by the ammunitions explosion. Waller took advantage of the Royalist army's weakened state and chased them to Devizes where they took refuge.[2] 
 Jul 13  Battle of Roundway Down
 Once Charles learnt that Hopton was being held at Devizes, he sent Wilmot to meet up with Prince Maurice and put together a Royalist army to free the town. The Royalists and Parliamentarians met at Roundway Down just north of Devizes. Wilmot was able to drive the Parliamentarians back towards the top of a steep slope where, as the Parliament army fell, many were killed. The slope is now known as Bloody Ditch.[2] 
ery little remains of what once a wood and stone castle built on hill with steep sides by the Normans. The castle may have been built on the site of an earlier hill fort.The main ward is rectangular in shape. The end for the castle came after it was attacked in 1403 by Owain Glyndwr.


Key Facts
CountyVale of Glamorgan (3 castles)
CategoriesStone
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteNo Access - Private
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No Items
his castle, also known as Dynevor Castle, is located within the grounds of Dinefwr Park. It was an important castle in the Deheubarth region of south Wales and was the principal seat of the rulers of the area. Set high above the Twyi valley it gives commanding views of the land below. Although a fortification must have existed on the site in pre-medieval times it is first mentioned in 1163 when Rhys ap Gruffydd, also known as Lord Rhys took possession of it. After the death of Lord Rhys in 1197 his many sons fought amongst themselves for power and the castle swapped hands many times. In around 1220 Llywelyn the Great,, the prince of Gwynedd ordered Rhys Gryg, one of Lord Rhys' sones to dismantle the castle. The castle may have been destroyed but soon a new castle was being constructed. The ruins that can be explored today consist of a five-sided inner bailey and a huge round tower keep. In 1277 the Welsh owner at the time surrendered the castle to the English and it remained in English hands from then on. It was able to withstand a siege in 1403 by supporters of Owain Glyndwr. By the end of the fifteenth century the castle had been abandoned by its owner, Sir Rhys ap Thomas, who had moved into more suitable accomodation.


Key Facts
CountyCarmathenshire (7 castles)
DirectionsJust to the west of the town of Llandeilo, in South Wales. Llandeilo is about halfway between Llandovery and Carmarthen on the A40.
CategoriesStone
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Rating
TimeRef Comments
The castle is part of Dinefwr Park and Newtown House. Park at the house and take a mile walk though the woods to find the castle at the top of the hill.
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arthwork remains of a timber castle.


Key Facts
CountyCeredigion (3 castles)
DirectionsAbout a mile to the south-east of Aberarth in the valley that leads away from the town.
CategoriesPre Medieval
Timber medieval castle
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of a large stone keep.


Key Facts
DirectionsTwenty miles to the east of Edinburgh on the A198 in the village of Dirleton.
CategoriesStone
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ossible remains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyWiltshire (6 castles)
DirectionsAbout eight miles to the south of Salisbury on the A338.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ublin Castle was built on the orders of King John to provide an administrative centre and a secure location for the storage of taxes.


YearMonthEvent
1204   Dublin Castle construction started
 King John ordered the construction of a castle at Dublin.

Episode: Conquest of Ireland  
emains of a motte and bailey castle. The original wooden fortifications later replaced by stone.


Key Facts
DirectionsThree or four miles to the north of Elgin on minor roads
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
No Items
undrum Castle was first constructed by John de Courcy, a Norman knight, in around 1177 when we invaded and took control of the Ulidia (Ulster) region of Ireland. The castle is situated on a hill to the north-west of the town of Dundrum, County Down.


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riginally a Saxon fort. Replaced by stone in the medieval period but mostly destroyed at the end of the English Civil War. A Victorial mansion now stands on the site.


Key Facts
CountySomerset (8 castles)
DirectionsThree miles south-east of Minehead just off the A39
CategoriesStone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Rating
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of a motte and bailey castle. Also known as Castletump.


Key Facts
CountyGloucestershire (4 castles)
DirectionsSituated half-way between J2 and J3 of the M50 just to the south of the village of Dymock on the B4215
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsJust the motte remains
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
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Dunluce Castle
Dunstable Priory
  51.886 -0.517572
 
 

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