adliegh Castle stands on a ridge of unstable land overlooking the Thames estuary and may have been closer to the water than it is today. The castle has become a ruin over time but small sections of it can still be visited. Contruction work at the castle was begun by Hubert de Burgh, the Earl of Kent, a supporter of King John, in the first quarter of the 13th Century. Hubert de Burgh was the owner of several castles in the Welsh Marches including White Castle which is similar in design. In 1232 the Earl fell from power and the incomplete castle became the property of the King Henry III. the castle remained neglected for over a hundred years, until the reign of King Edward III who refortified the walls and built new towers in response to the threat of invasion from France. The last couple of centuries have seen land slips destroy sections of the towers and walls.


Key Facts
CountyEssex (7 castles)
CategoriesStone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
No Items
he remains of Halton Castle overlook the village of Halton near Runcorn and Liverpool. The castle's curtain wall can still be seen. The gatehouse was once a courthouse but has now been converted into a hotel. This must have been a castle of some importance in medieval times.


Key Facts
CountyCheshire (4 castles)
CategoriesStone / Cliff-top
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
TimeRef Comments
Access to castle unknown
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of a major stone castle.


Key Facts
CountyNorthumberland (15 castles)
DirectionsAbout fifteen miles to the west of Rothbury on minor roads
CategoriesPre Medieval / Stone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
ery little of the original castle now remains but there is enough for a visit and the views make the effort worthwhile. Some of the cliffedge land the castle stood on has disappeared though natural erosion so the castle now appears smaller than it would have been. William the Conqueror first built a wooden motte and bailey castle on the site when he invaded Britain in 1066. The Normans brought pre-fabricated castles across from Normandy so that they could build fortifications quickly. The wooden fort was replaced by stone soon after William granted the area of Hastings and its castle to (his cousin?) Robert, Count of Eu. The Count founded a collegiate church within the confines of the castle dedicated to St. Mary. The majority of the stonework that can be seen today are the remains of the church including a section of the nave and an arch.


Key Facts
CountyEast Sussex (7 castles)
DirectionsOn the cliffs at Hastings.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Cliff-top
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Rating
YearMonthEvent
No Items

Hatfield Palace

his royal palace, less than 20 miles north of London, was the home of Queen Elizabeth I as a child and a favourite residence of hers later in life. Now part of Hatfield House, sections of the old palace can still be visited.


YearMonthEvent
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1553 Dec  Elizabeth returns leaves court
 Issues over religion and succession to the throne became too much for Elizabeth and she requested that she could leave court and return to Hertfordshire and to Hatfield (or Ashridge). Mary granted her request against the advice of her ministers who suspected Elizabeth was preparing to remove Mary from the throne. 
emains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountySuffolk (5 castles)
DirectionsAbout three miles to the north-west of Stowmarket
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items

Haughmond Abbey

his Augustinian priory dedicated to St. John the Evangelist was founded in around 1110 by William, a Norman lord of Clun and was later elevated to the status of Abbey. The substantial remains are located a few miles to the north east of Shrewsbury and are maintained by English-Heritage.


YearMonthEvent
1110   Haughmond Abbey Founded
 This Augustinian priory was founded by William, a Lord of Clun.[1] 
welsh castle supposed to have been built by Gilbert de Clare sometime in the twelfth century.


Key Facts
CountyPembrokeshire (12 castles)
DirectionsAt the centre of the town of Haverfordwest
CategoriesStone / Cliff-top
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
TimeRef Rating
YearMonthEvent
1210   Haverfordwest Castle hosts King John
 King John used Haverfordwest Castle as a staging post before and after travelling to Ireland. 
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1644 Feb  Haverfordwest Castle falls
 Parliamentary forces led by Colonel Laugharne captured Pill Fort and the Royalists garrisoned at Haverfordwest Castle panicked and fled leaving the castle open for Laugharne's men to take.[2] 
1648   Destruction of Haverfordwest Castle
 Cromwell ordered that the castle at Haverfordwest should be demolished.[2] 
castle was built at Hertford in around 910 by Edward the Elder. The castle was captured by Prince Louis and the rebel barons in the rebellion against King John. The first Norman structure on the site consisted of a motte and bailey castle. The mound can still be seen in in the north-east corner of the grounds. The castle had a moat and stone curtain walls. The main protective part of the castle was the gatehouse built by Edward IV.


Key Facts
CountyHertfordshire (5 castles)
DirectionsAt the centre of Hertford near the river
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
OwnershipRoyal castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of a moated motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyOxfordshire (8 castles)
DirectionsHinton Waldrist is about eight miles to the east of Faringdon just of the A420
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
TimeRef Comments
Possibly on the site of Hinton Manor.
YearMonthEvent
No Items
he remains of a twelfth century keep in the middle of a field on private land. The castle can be seen from the side of the road.


Key Facts
CountyShropshire (13 castles)
CategoriesStone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteNo Access - Private
YearMonthEvent
No Items
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Holme Cultram Abbey
  54.84522 -3.283165
 
 

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