his medieval castle
is located on the border between England and Scotland and saw much military action. It is located on the southern shore of the River Tweed on a steep hill. It was constructed in 1121 by the Bishop of Durham, Ranulf Flambard. to protect the area from the Scots. In 1138 the castle was besieged, captured and destroyed by the Scots under the command of King David. The castle was retaken by King Henry II in 1157 and in the following year Bishop Hugh Pudsey (Hugh de Puiset?) of Durham took control of the castle and rebuilt its defences including the stone keep located at the north-east corner of the inner ward. The castle was besiged in 1215 by Alexander, King of Scotland and again by the Scots in 1318, but both times it was not captured. In August of 1513, shortly before his defeat at Flodden Field, King James IV invaded England and attacked Norham Castle. He employed large siege
engines and cannons to reduce the castle to rubble. and captured what remained. In the reign
of Elizabeth I, when relations bewteen England and Scotland became more friendly, requested for much needed money for repairs was refused and the castle started to fall into disrepair.
The castle was occupied once again during the period of the Wars of the Roses.