ocated in Neath in South Wales this abbey now lies in ruins. Founded in 1111 by Richard de Granville and his wife Constance the abbey was originally a Savigniac house but in 1147 became Cistercian with many other abbeys at that time. It was dissolved in 1539 at the Dissolution of the Monasteries.


YearMonthEvent
1111   Founding of Neath Abbey
 Neath Abbey in south Wales was founded by Richard de Granville. Originally part of the Savigniac Order.[1] 
1326 Nov  Edward captured
 The King was captured in Wales at the Abbey of Neath. He had hoped to get some support in Wales but that was not to be the case. The Despensers were also captured. Hugh Despenser was given a short trial and executed as a traitor. Edward was taken to Kenilworth castle and imprisoned.[2]

Episode: Isabella, She-Wolf of France and death of Edward II  
riginally a Iron Age settlement which was reused by the Saxons and Normans. The Norman works were possibly built by Robert Count or Mortain at the end of the eleventh century.


Key Facts
CountySomerset (8 castles)
DirectionsIn forest about eight miles south of Taunton
CategoriesPre Medieval / Motte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of Norman a stone keep built on a hill above a bend in the River Ogmore. The Norman doorway is the best preserved section of the castle.


Key Facts
CountyBridgend (1 castle)
DirectionsIn the Newcastle area of Bridgend, South Wales
CategoriesStone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
his medieval castle is located on the border between England and Scotland and saw much military action. It is located on the southern shore of the River Tweed on a steep hill. It was constructed in 1121 by the Bishop of Durham, Ranulf Flambard. to protect the area from the Scots. In 1138 the castle was besieged, captured and destroyed by the Scots under the command of King David. The castle was retaken by King Henry II in 1157 and in the following year Bishop Hugh Pudsey (Hugh de Puiset?) of Durham took control of the castle and rebuilt its defences including the stone keep located at the north-east corner of the inner ward. The castle was besiged in 1215 by Alexander, King of Scotland and again by the Scots in 1318, but both times it was not captured. In August of 1513, shortly before his defeat at Flodden Field, King James IV invaded England and attacked Norham Castle. He employed large siege engines and cannons to reduce the castle to rubble. and captured what remained. In the reign of Elizabeth I, when relations bewteen England and Scotland became more friendly, requested for much needed money for repairs was refused and the castle started to fall into disrepair.

The castle was occupied once again during the period of the Wars of the Roses.


Key Facts
CountyNorthumberland (15 castles)
DirectionsSlightly to the north-east of the village of Norham on the banks of the River Tweed. Norham is a few miles to the south-west of Berwick-upon-Tweed off the A698
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
YearMonthEvent
1138 Qtr 2  The Scots invade Northumberland
 Led by their king, David I, the Scots invade and destroy Northumberland. The Scots moved south into Lancashire and North Yorkshire. This prompted Steven to mobilize an army to counter the invasion. The Scots captured and destroyed the important castle at Norham. 
1291 May 10  Edward I meets Scottish Claimants
 Edward I met the claimants for the Scottish crown at Norham. There were three main claimants to the throne all of whom were descended from David Earl of Huntingdon, the brother of William the Lion who died in 1214. The three men were John Balliol, Robert Bruce and John Hastings. The decision was delayed until the following year to allow all the facts to be taken into account.[3]

Episode: Edward I and Scotland  
1463 Jul  Queen Margaret returns to France
 Warwick took an army north to deal with the new threat from Queen Margaret. The Lancastrians had laid seige to Norham Castle on the Scottish border. Under the control of the Earl of Warwick, the Yorkists again proved too powerful for the Lancastrians and with her invasion plans in ruin Margaret decided to return to France. She took Prince Edward with her.[4]

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
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Norton Priory
  53.3423 -2.6799
 
 

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