his castle, orginally built by the Norman William de Londres, sometime between 1106 and 1116, is in a remote location which was chosen to protect crossing points of the rivers Ewenny and Ogmore. Two other castles, Coity Castle and Newcastle at Bridgend, were constructed at the same time to provide protection for the western boundary of Glamorgan. William's son, Maurice, improved the defences at the castle which included the large keep.


Key Facts
CountyVale of Glamorgan (3 castles)
CategoriesStone
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of what was once a large medieval castle.


Key Facts
CountyDevon (10 castles)
DirectionsAbout a mile to the south-west of Okehampton centre
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
TimeRef Rating
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyEssex (7 castles)
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteNo Access - Private
YearMonthEvent
No Items
emains of a motte and bailey castle.


Key Facts
CountyLincolnshire (4 castles)
DirectionsOwston Ferry is located about ten miles to the south-west of Scunthorpe.
CategoriesMotte & Bailey
RemainsEarthworks only
Access to siteUnknown - Please check before visiting
YearMonthEvent
No Items
he construction of a castle at Oxford was ordered by William the Conqueror after the Norman Conquest. The town of Oxford was built at an important crossing point of the River Thames and William recognised it as a strategic location. William gave the task of building the castle to Robert D'Oilly and it was completed in 1071. Robert D'Oilly was married to Ealdgyth, the daughter of Wigod of Wallingford. Wigod (or Wigot) was a Saxon lord who was favoured by William the Conqueror due to his loyal service to the Normans. Wigod's son Toki had been killed in battle while helping the Normans and Ealdgyth, his sister, inherited large amounts of land in Oxfordshire. A couple of years after the castle was completed Robert built a church within the castle grounds and dedicated it to St. George. All that remains of this church are the crypt and some walls. Some time later, alongside the church, was built a large square tower keep. All of these remains are now part of or underneath Oxford prison.

The end for Oxford Castle came after the English Civil War during which time it was used as a prison. The castle was totally destroyed (slighted) and its stone taken away and used elsewhere.


Key Facts
CountyOxfordshire (8 castles)
DirectionsOn the west side of the city of Oxford
CategoriesMotte & Bailey / Stone
Originally a motte and bailey castle that was improved with a stone outer wall. Built as part of the Norman Conquest.
OwnershipBaronial castle
RemainsSmall amount survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
1071   Construction of Oxford Castle
 Robert D'Oilly was given the task of building a castle at Oxford by William the Conqueror at the important Thames river crossing. A motte and bailey castle would have been the type of castle built at this time.[1] 
1142 Oct  Oxford siege and Matilda's escape
 Oxford was besieged by King Stephen trapping Matilda inside the city. But just before Christmas Matilda managed to escape across the snow and ice of the frozen Thames dressed in white so that she would not be seen. Matilda escaped to Wallingford Castle and Oxford fell to the King.[2]

Episode: Civil War Stephen and Matilda  
ocated to the south of Swansea bay this castle is built on a hill a few hundred yards back from the shoreline. Attacked in 1215 the castle was abandoned but was rebuilt later in the thirteenth century by William de Braose. Edward I is said to have stayed at the castle in 1284. A substantial amount of the castle remains to be visited.


Key Facts
CountySwansea (3 castles)
DirectionsJust off the seafront at The Mumbles. Official website says there is limited parking so park at sea front car-parks
CategoriesStone
RemainsNot complete but much survives
Access to siteOnly open at certain times
YearMonthEvent
No Items
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Old Buckenham Castle
 
 

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