Old Buckenham Castle
|Remains||TBC||Access||TBC - Please check before visiting|
The end for Oxford Castle came after the English Civil War during which time it was used as a prison. The castle was totally destroyed (slighted) and its stone taken away and used elsewhere.
|County||Oxfordshire (8 castles)||Categories||Motte & Bailey / Stone / Baronial castle|
|Remains||Small amount survives||Access||Only open at certain times|
Originally a motte and bailey castle that was improved with a stone outer wall. Built as part of the Norman Conquest.
|Location||51.75218,-1.262598||Directions||Directions via Google Maps|
Robert D'Oilly was given the task of building a castle at Oxford by William the Conqueror at the important Thames river crossing. A motte and bailey castle would have been the type of castle built at this time.
Oxford was besieged by King Stephen trapping Matilda inside the city. But just before Christmas Matilda managed to escape across the snow and ice of the frozen Thames dressed in white so that she would not be seen. Matilda escaped to Wallingford Castle and Oxford fell to the King.
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A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?