Nottingham Castle

ery little remains of this important castle. In 852 the Danes built a tower on the rock that lies to the south-west of Nottingham. The Saxons could not remove the Danes by force but had to blockade supplies reaching the invaders to force them out. In 1068 William the Conqueror started the construction of a wooden castle on the site. After the Conquest the Conqueror bestowed the castle to William Peverell, one of his close supporters. A year before he became King of England Henry (II) attacked Nottingham resulting in a devastating fire that destroyed the town. In 1194 Richard I besieged the castle to remove supporters of his brother, John. After a few days the castle fell to the King. In 1330 Henry III arrested Roger Mortimer at the castle by entering though a secret passage in the rocks.


Nottingham Castle Key Facts
CountyNottinghamshire (2 castles)
CategoriesStone
RemainsVery litte if any at all
Access to siteAt any reasonable time
TimeRef Comments
Nothing appears to remain of the earlier medieval castle. A much later mansion stands on the site which is open to the public for a entrance fee.


YearMonthEvent
867   Danes are attacked and move south
 Armies from Northumbria attacked the Danes at York but were defeated. The Danes moved south attacking Nottingham and taking the city. The king of Mercia asked Ethelred and Alfred for assistance and an army from Wessex went to help.[1]

Episode: Viking Invasions  
1068   Construction of Nottingham Castle
 William and the Normans started construction of the castle at Nottingham. This would have been a wooden building. It was built on the high ground above the town using the step slope down to the river Leen as a defence.[2]

Episode: Norman Conquest  
1153   Nottingham Castle attacked
 Henry attacked Nottingham where a fire resulted in damage to the town.[2] 
1194   Siege of Nottingham Castle
 The castle at Nottingham was being held by supporters of John but it fell to Richard I after a siege of several days.[2] 
1319 Sep 20  Battle of Myton
 While the best of the English army were at Berwick, a Scottish army led by Sir James Douglas invaded Yorkshire. With an untrained army the Archbishop of York, William Melton, tried to fight off the Scots but was defeated at Myton-in-Swalesdale. With the Scots threatening their lands in the north the earls, with Edward at Berwick, abandoned the siege and returned to their homes. Queen Isabella who was in York at the time managed to escape to safety at Nottingham.

Episode: Robert the Bruce  
1330 Oct 19  Arrest of Mortimer
 Edward III ordered the arrest of Roger Mortimer. The King and some loyal supporters entered Nottingham Castle via a secret passage in the rocks and Roger Mortimer was arrested. 
1469 Jul 26  Battle of Edgecote
 Edward's army was insufficient to deal with the rebels alone and he had moved them to Nottingham to wait for a larger army to join them led by Sir William Herbert, the Earl of Pembroke. Pembroke's army was attacked and defeated by a combined rebel army led by Robin of Redesdale and the Earl of Warwick who had returned from France. The battle took place at Edgecote near Banbury. Sir William Herbert and his brother Richard were captured and executed.

Episode: Wars of the Roses  
1484 Sep  Truce signed with the Scots
 A three year truce was signed at Nottingham Castle by Richard and the Scottish king James III.[3] 
Early Modern Period (1500-1800)
1642 Aug 22  Charles I raises standard at Nottingham Castle
 Charles I declared war by raising his standard at Nottingham Castle. 
 Sep 13  Charles leaves Nottingham
 Charles left Nottingham Castle and marched his army towards Shrewsbury. 

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