|Born||circa 895||Born At|
|Died||27 October 939||Buried At||Malmesbury Abbey|
|Father||EDWARD (the Elder, King of West Saxons, 899-924)||Mother||Egwina|
|Preceded by||EDWARD (the Elder, King of West Saxons, 899-924)||Succeeded by||Edmund (I, King of the English 939-946)|
|Royal House||Wessex||Titles include||King of England from 924 to 939|
|Born||circa 895 /|
|Died||27 October 939 / Malmesbury Abbey|
Family Tree Details
ATHELSTAN (King of the English 924-939) (b.895? - d.939)
Edward the Elder died (at Farndon in Mercia). He was succeeded by his son Athelstan.
Aethelstan became King of Wessex and Mercia. His coronation took place at Kingston-upon-Thames. At this point Aethelstan was not king of all England. He had to wait until 927 to become overlord of the other regional rulers.
To help consolidate his links to the North Athelstan married his sister to Sihtric, the Norse King of York. A condition of the marriage was Sihtric should become a Christian. The marriage was short-lived as the Norse King died in 927.
With the death of Sihtric, the Danish leader in the North of England, Athelstan was able to then drive out the Dane's sons. This left Athelstan the master of Northumbria. His attacks on the Welsh and the submission of Constantine the King of Scotland and Owen the King of Cumberland led to him becoming overlord.
When Sihtric died he left an heir Olaf. The king of the Norse in Dublin arrived to assist Olaf but Athelstan was ready for any trouble that they could do and defeated them. York was seized and its fortifications destroyed.
Accused of conspiring against his own family Edwin, Aethelstan's own brother, is put on a ship without sail or rudder to drift. Edwin throws himself into the sea to avoid the horrors of starvation. Edwin's accuser it later found to invented the crime and is put to death. The whole story could be a fabrication and comes from the works by William of Malmesbury.
Athelstan put together a large army and invaded Scotland destroying it as he advanced north.
The Dane Olaf Guthfrithson or Anlaff (possibly Sihtric's son), Owen of Cumberland and Constantine, King of the Scots sailed into the Humber to invade Northumbria. Athelstan's speed at raising his army that marched north put paid to any plans of invasion and a fierce battle occurred (Brunanburgh near Beverley ?) in which many Danish kings and earls were killed. Olaf Guthfrithson fled to Ireland. Edmund, Athelstan's younger half-brother also took part in the battle.
Edmund, the half-brother of Athelstan, became King of England at the age of 18. His coronation was held on November 29th at Kingson-upon-Thames.
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