|20 February 1437
|Robert (III, King of Scotland 1390-1406)
|20 February 1437 /
Family Tree Details
James (I, King of Scotland 1406-1437) (b.1394 - d.1437)
+Beaufort, Joan (b.1404? - d.1445)
= Margaret (Stewart) ( - d.1445)
| +Louis (XI, King of France 1461-1483)
= Isabella (Stewart) ( - d.1494)
= Eleanor (Stewart) ( - d.1480)
= James (II, King of Scotland 1437-1460) (b.1430 - d.1460)
| +Mary (of Guelders) (b.1433 - d.1463)
| = James (III, King of Scotland 1460-1488) (b.1452? - d.1488)
| | +Margaret (of Denmark) (b.1456 - d.1486)
| | = James (IV King of Scotland 1488-1513) (b.1473 - d.1513)
| = Stewart, Alexander (Duke of Albany) (b.1454? - d.1485)
= Joan (Stewart) ( - d.1480)
Robert III of Scotland had fled from the Duke of Albany to Rothesay Castle and had attempted to send his son James to France. English pirates intercepted James and he was sent to London and imprisoned.
With the death of Robert III, King of the Scots, James I became the new King of Scotland but as he was imprisoned by the English, his uncle Robert, Duke of Albany, acted as Regent until the release of James in 1424. ¹
Robert III, King of Scotland died at Rothesay Castle. His son James, although the rightful heir to the Scottish throne, was not crowned until 1424.
Treaty allowing James I, of Scotland to be freed from his prison where he had been for eighteen years and return to Scotland and become King.
At the Treaty of Durham, James I of Scotland was released from his captivity allowing him to return to Scotland and claim the throne. Note: This appears to be the second treaty allowing his release, so need to understand why there were two, ¹
James I, King of Scotland was crowned at Scone Abbey.
When James I returned to Scotland and take the thone he found that the country was in a poor state of affairs. There were many barons who had used the time of his imprisonment to further their own ambitions rather than to protect Scotland and it's people. These included Murdoch Stewart and his sons, Walter and Alexander. Murdoch had been acting as regent since the death of his father, Robert Duke of Albany in 1420. King James had Walter, Alexander and finally Murdoch arrested and executed at Stirling Castle.
King James continued his oppression of the barons by granting the title of Earl of Strathearn to Walter earl of Atholl. Walter was James' uncle by his grandfather's second marriage. By granting the title for life this meant Walter's sons would inherit the title after his death.
The Highlands of Scotland did not regard King James as their soveriegn. So the king called a Parliament at Inverness and invited the clans to attend. Once there the King had many of the chiefs of the clans arrested, tried and executed. Many more were imprisoned.
Joan Beaufort, the wife of King James I of Scotland gave birth to twins, James and Alexander at Holyrood Palace in Edinburgh. Alexander did not survive long.
James I of Scotland spent Christmas at Pearth. Late in the evening of February 20th, assassins found their way to the King's private appartment. James' wife managed to hold off the attackers while the King attempted to escape through vaults underneath the room, but his escape route was blocked and he was brutally murdered. The attackers would by found guilty of his murder and executed.
After the death of his father, James II became the King of the Scots. ¹
3D Virtual Reconstructions
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Explore the White Tower
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A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?