incoln Cathedral, situated on a hill in the city of Lincoln, can be seen from many miles in all directions. The building of the first cathedral, dedicated to St. Mary, began in around 1074 and was orchestrated by Remigius originally a Norman monk and almoner at Fecamp Abbey who has assisted William the Conqueror's invasion. In 1141, when the roof burned down, Bishop Alexander the Magnificent, started rebuilding work. Many disasters befell the work including earth tremors in 1185 and occupation by King Stephen who used it to hold a garrison. In 1192, work began under the direction of Bishop Hugh of Lincoln or Hugh of Avalon. Hugh, originally a Carthusian monk, began rebuilding the choir and eastern transepts. The work was completed in 1210. Following that, between 1215 and 1255 under the direction of bishop Robert Grosseteste, work continued on the great transept, the chapter house, the nave and extensions to the west front. The central tower was designed by Richard of Stow and although the tower now reaches a height of 271, it originally had a spire made of wood and encased in lead above it reaching to a height of 525 feet. The spire fell down in 1548. The matching spires on the two west face towers were removed in 1807.
Earth tremors damaged the Cathedral at Lincoln beyond repair. The earthquake must have been very powerful as it was said that it was felt throughout the country. Only the West front survived in good shape and rest of the building had to be demolished.
There was an eclipse of the Sun over the north of Europe. Interestingly, there was an earthquake that damaged Lincoln Cathedral in 1185. Did the earthquake happen before or after the eclipse? Are the two events related?
After the damaging earth tremors of 1185 Bishop Hugh of Lincoln started rebuilding work on the Cathedral at Lincoln. His new scheme was followed even after his death apart from minor alterations up to the completion of the Angel Choir in 1280.
Work began on the construction of the Angel Choir at Lincoln Cathedral in order to house the body of St. Hugh. Work was completed in 1280. The celebration of the movement of the body was attended by King Edward I, the Queen and many important figures of the time.
Catherine Swynford was the mistress of John of Gaunt. She may have been the governess of of John's daughters by his first wife. After the death of his first two wives, Blanche of Lancaster and Constance of Castile, John married Catherine. They were married at Lincoln Cathedral.
Henry Beaufort was consecrated biishop of Lincoln in this year.
3D Virtual Reconstructions
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past. Built using the popular game development tool Unity 3D, these reconstructions will run in the most of the popular web browsers on your desktop or laptop computer.
Uncover the lives of the hundreds of kings, queens, lords, ladies, barons, earls, archbishops and rebels who made the medieval people an exciting period of history to live through.
Selection of references used:
1. T. Wise, The Wars of the Crusades
2. John Harvey, English Cathedrals, 1961
3. John H Harvey, Henry Yevele, LIfe of an English Architect