Biographies of lesser people starting with F
The people listed on this page currently have less information so do not warrant a page of their own. As this website evolves and more information is added these people will be promoted to individual pages.
Please note: Portraits on this page are not intented to be accurate depictions of the individuals.
Fitz Osbern, William (Earl of Hereford)
Odo,the Bishop or Bayeux, became William the Conqueror's deputy in England and was assisted by William Fitz Osbern until Osbern's death in 1071. Odo also became the Earl of Kent and his wealth and land became considerable.
William Fitz Osbern built the hall at Chepstow Castle. ¹
Ranulf Flambard is made the Bishop of Durham by William Rufus.
Robert Duke of Normandy landed at Portsmouth with an army and marched up to Alton on the way to London. Here he and King Henry I signed the Treaty of Alton where Robert gave up his claim to the throne of England in return for 3 thousand marks a year. The treaty also ensured that Robert's supporters would not be punished.
Francis (I, King of France 1515-1547)
King Louis XII of France died at the age of 52 leaving Mary a widow. His nephew, Francis, became the next king of France.
The Treaty of London or Universal Peace was signed in London between the major European countries, England, France, Burgundy and many more. For Cardinal Wolsey this treaty was a plan to produce a peaceful Europe. The treaty stated that the countries must not attack one another and if they did the other countries would come to the aid of those being attacked. Within the treaty was the agreement that Mary, the 2 year-old daughter of King Henry VIII, would marry the French dauphin.
The Field of the Cloth of Gold was a meeting between King Henry VIII and King Francis I of France somewhere between Guines and Ardres near Calais. The meeting included a series of tournaments and jousts. The extravagant nature of the event giving the meeting its name.
The Treaty of Bruges was conducted in secrecy at Bruges between King Charles V, the Holy Roman Emporer, and Thomas Wolsey. In the terms of the treaty Wolsey promised Charles that King Henry VIII would join him in a joint campaign against France and Francis I. The meeting was held in secret because England was supposed to be a mediator in the dispute between Charles and Francis. The joint attacks of France would have to wait until March or May of 1523.
Francis of France was encamped several mile to the north of Pavia, in northern Italy when he was attacked by the Imperialists. Francis' troops were routed and Francis was captured.
Francis of France, while being held prisoner in Madrid, signed the Treaty agreeing to renounce claims to Milan and Naples and to give up suzerainty of Flanders and Artois. He also agreed to surrender the Duchy of Burgandy to Charles V of Spain. Possessions that had been seized from Charles de Bourbon were to be returned to him.
Francis is freed from captivity and returned to France. But he left two of his sons as hostages in the care of Charles V.
Thomas Wolsey was sent to France and the court of Francis I by King Henry to secure the release of Pope Clement VII, who was being held captive by Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor since Rome had been sacked. The real, and secret reason for freeing the Pope was to get the annulment of the marriage of King Henry and Catherine of Aragon.
Francis I, the King of France, died at Rambouillet Castle. He was succeeded by his son Henry. ¹
Fulk (I, the Red, Count of Anjou)
Born: circa 870 Died: 942
Fulk (II, the Good, Count of Anjou)
Fulk (Nerra, the Black, count of Anjou)
Fulk Nerra defeated the count of Brittany at the battle of Conquereuil. ¹
Fulk Rechin (count of Anjou)
Born: 1043 Died: 1109
Fulk Rechin was at war with his brother Geoffrey. They were fighting over the lands of Anjou and Touraine which had been left to them by their uncle Geoffrey Martel, the count of Anjou. Fulk captured Geoffrey the Bearded and captured Anjou later taking the title of count. ¹
Explore the White Tower
Explore all four floors of the White Tower at the Tower of London using the Unity 3d game engine.
A Medieval Mystery
There appear to be some strange connections between the fourteenth century Old Wardour Castle and ancient stone circle Stonehenge.
Old Wardour Castle appears to be aligned to ancient sites in the Stonehenge landscape.
Stonehenge is aligned to the Summer Solstice. Old Wardour has a very similar alignment.
Could the builders of Old Wardour used mesaurements from Stonehenge to layout the geometrical keep?