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495  

.
 Two chieftains came to Britain, Cerdic and Cynric his son, with five ships, in the place which is called Cerdices ora, and that same day they fought against the 'Welsh'.
 

501  

.
 Port came to Britain, and his two sons, Bieda and Maegla, with two ships, in the place which is called Porsmouth, and they slew a young British man, a very noble man.
 

508  

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 Cerdic and Cynric slew a British king, named Natanleod, and five thousand men with him. And afterwards, the land was called Natan laga up to Cerdices ford.
 

514  

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 The West Saxons came to Britain with three ships, in the place which is called Cerdicies ora; Stuf and Wihtgar fought against the Britons, and put them to flight.
 

519  

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 Cerdic and Cynric took the kingdom, and the same year they fought against the Britons where it is now called Cerdices ford.
 

641  

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 The Northumbrian Christian king Oswald was defeated at the battle of Maserfield by the pagen king Penda of Mercia. After the battle Penda had Oswald's body dismembered and stuck on a tree. The theory is that from this event the town of Oswestry got its name.
 

664  

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 King Oswy of Northumbria was a follower of Celtic Christianity. When he married the daughter of King Edwin she brought with her the Roman Chistian tradition. The conflicts between the two traditions led to a meeting at Whitby where a new monastery had been recently founded. After several days of discussion the King chose to adopt the Roman traditions. The meeting is known as the Synod of Whitby.
 

669  

.
 Theodore of Tarsus arrived in England to become the new Archbishop of Canterbury. Under Theodore's leadship the structure of the English Church was changed. Lands were donated and new dioceses were created. Before this time bishops had a monastery but had no defined areas of their own and were missionaries. It was at around this time that the rule of St. Benedict was introduced into the country.
 

674  

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 A bishop called Benedict Biscop, originally coming from Northumbria, had accompanied Theodore of Canterbury from Rome. Under Biscop's guidance the twin monasteries at Wearmouth and Jarrow for monks and nuns was founded. The monasteries became an important centre for learning and Biscop made several journeys to Rome to bring back books for the libraries at his monasteries. One of Biscop's pupils was Bede who was one of the most important scholar of his time. Bede wrote the Ecclesiastical History of the English People. This work detailed the history of the Anglo-Saxon people and has given us an understanding of the times that he lived in.
 

768  

Oct 9 Charlemagne becomes King
 After the death of his father, Pipin, Charlemagne was given the title King of the Franks at Noyon. He jointly held the position with his brother Karloman who was crowned on the same day.
 

787  

Summer First recorded Viking raids
 The first recorded Viking raids in England occurred during this year.
 
 
 
 
 
 

TimeRef UK Castles Mobile App for Android Phone

This Android Phone app allows you to find castles thar are near you. Currently the app includes only English and Welsh castles.

View Details in Google Play Store

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Virtual Reconstructions

Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.

Explore a Motte and Bailey Castle

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