600 .. 999
he years 600 A.D. to 999 A.D. cover the period in Britain known as the 'Dark Ages' or the 'Early Medieval Ages'. It was a time that saw a steady stream of invaders reach Britain's shores. Towards the end of this period Danish and Viking invasions were a common occurence and this is the time of Alfred the Great who defeated the Vikings at Edington in 878 A.D. In Europe Charlemagne became the powerful ruler of the Franks.
1000 .. 1099
uring years 1000 A.D. to 1099 A.D. Britain was ruled by Saxons, Danes and finally Normans. The first half of the century was dominated by native Saxons and invading Vikings. But in 1066 after the death of the saintly King Edward the Confessor, William the Conqueror from Normandy put the Normans firmly on the English throne and in control of the country. The final few years of this century saw the start of the Crusades in the Holy Land.
1100 .. 1199
he start of the period saw the Normans on the throne of England, but this ended when the White Ship struck rocks in the English Channel and the son of King Edward I was drowned. The resulting civil war lasted almost twenty years before Henry II took the English throne and the Plantagenets ruled England. Two more major Crusades took place in this century and saw the rise of the warrior knights whose duties were to protect pilgrims in the Holy Land. One Crusade was led by Richard the Lionheart who got too close to the castle he was besieging and was killed by an arrow wound.
1200 .. 1299
isrule in England led to revolts by the barons against two of its rulers, King John and his son King Henry III. Edward I, the son of Henry III led armies into both Wales and Scotland. In Wales he built a series of mighty castles that could be resupplied by sea to try and keep the Welsh under control. In Scotland, Edward placed Edward Balliol on the Scottish throne after the tragic death of the true Scottish heir, the Maid of Norway.
1300 .. 1399
he misrule of England reoccurred in the first half of this century. Edward II had a favourite called Piers Gaveston and the barons rose up against their King. Isabella, the wide of Edward II tried to take the English throne and had her husband killed. Their son, Edward III, started the Hundred Years War with France over the control of the French throne. His son Richard II continued the War during his reign. In Scotland, At the start of the century Robert the Bruce became Scotland's ruler. The Black Death brought misery to most of Europe.
1300 .. 1324
Edward I campaigns in Scotland. Capture and execution of William Wallace. Robert Bruce becomes King of the Scots. Edward II becomes King of England and faces the anger of the barons.
1325 .. 1349
Capture and murder of Edward II. Start of the reign of King Edward III. King Edward helps put Edward Balliol on the Scottish throne. Edward III claims the French throne and starts the Hundred Years War. The battle of Crecy. The Black Death reaches England.
1350 .. 1374
The country suffers from the affects of the Black Death. The Black Prince attacks France. The French king captured at Poitiers and held hostage. Peace treaties signed with France and Scotland.
1375 .. 1399
Death of Edward III and Richard II becomes king. The Peasants' Revolt. Conflict between King Richard and the barons. The French prepare to invade England. King Richard is captured. Henry IV becomes King of England.
1400 .. 1499
he Hundred Years War with France dominated the first half of this century with King Henry V and Joan of Arc. The second half of the century was dominated by the War of the Roses between the Lancastrians and Yorkists fighting for the English throne. The Yorkists won the war but their reigns ended with Richard III as the Battle of Bosworth. The Tudors then took the English throne starting with Henry Tudor, Henry VII. At the end of this century Columbus discovers America.
1400 .. 1424
The reigns of King Henry IV of England (1399 - 1413) and King Henry V (1413 - 1422). The revolt of Owain Glyndwr in Wales and the Percies in Northumberland.
1425 .. 1449
The reign of King Henry VI of England (1422 - 1471). The Hundred Years War continues. Joan of Arc rescues Orleans. The rise of Richard Neville, the Kingmaker.
1450 .. 1474
The Hundred Years War comes to an end. King Henry VI suffers bouts of ill health and the rise of the House of York. The Lancastrians and Yorkists and the War of the Roses.
1475 .. 1499
The princes in the Tower. Richard III killed at the Battle of Bosworth ends the House of York. The rise of the Tudors. Columbus discovers America.
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.