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800  

Dec 25 Charlemagne becomes Emperor
 

801  

Barcelona captured for Charlemagne
 
 

802  

Vikings raid Iona
Egbert becomes King of Wessex
 

804  

May Death of Alcuin of York
 

807  

Vikings raid island of Inishmurray
 

814  

Vikings attacks
Jan 28 Charlemagne dies
 

826  

Christianity introduced into Scandinavia
 

832  

The rise of Wessex
 

835  

Vikings invade Sheppey
 

836  

Viking invade Devon
Ireland raided by the Vikings
 

837  

Battle of Hingston Down
 

839  

Ethulwulf becomes king of Wessex
 

840  

Death of Louis the Pious
 

841  

Battle of Fontenay
Rouen attacked by the Vikings
 

843  

Treaty of Verdun
Nantes plundered by the Vikings
Winter Vikings remain over Winter
 

844  

King of Northumbria killed
 

845  

Vikings in Ireland
 

846  

Mael Sechnaill high king of Ireland
 

849  

Alfred 'the Great' is born
 

851  

Danish invasion defeated
 

852  

Winter Vikings spend winter in England
 

853  

Alfred goes to Rome
 

854  

Danes attack Paris
 

855  

Ethelwulf and Alfred visit Rome
 

858  

Ethelbald becomes King of Wessex
 

860  

Ethelbert becomes King of Wessex
 

865  

The 'Great Army' invade
Ethelred becomes King of Wessex
 

866  

Witenagemot held at Woodstock
The 'Great Army' arrive in East Anglia
Vikings driven out of Ireland
Winter Northumbria is invaded by the Danes
 

867  

Danes are attacked and move south
Danes impose a king on Northumbria
The Danes invade Northumbria and York
 

868  

Alfred marries Ealhswith
Autumn A peaceful settlement is reached
 

869  

Danes attack East Anglia
 

870  

Crowland Abbey destroyed
Siege of Dumbarton Rock
Dec The Danes attack Wessex
 
 

The reign of ALFRED (The Great, King of Wessex 871-899)

The youngest son ...

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871  

Alfred rebuilds his defences
Qtr 1 Battle of Ashdown
Apr Alfred 'The Great' becomes king of Wessex
Qtr 2 More Danes arrive in Britain
 

872  

Ivar the Boneless dies
Revolt in Northumbria
Summer Revolt in Northumbria
 

874  

Vikings colonise Iceland
 

875  

Danes move against the north.
Alfred builds a small navy
 

876  

Danes defeated in the south
Jorvik founded by the Vikings
 

877  

Taxes in France
Death of Constantine I
Oct 6 Death of Charles the Bald
Dec 8 Coronation of Louis II
 

878  

Giric becomes the Scottish monarch
Jan The Danes take the advantage
Spring Alfred burns the cakes
Apr Battle of Edington
 

879  

Start of reorganisation
New Viking Invasion
 

882  

Alfred attacks Viking ships
 

885  

Vikings besiege Rochester
The Siege of Paris
 

886  

Alfred captures London
 

890  

Guthrum dies
 

891  

A bright comet is seen
Several Irish pilgrims land in England
 

893  

Danish Invasion
 

894  

Battle at Farnham
 

895  

Danes march west
 
 

The reign of EDWARD (the Elder, King of West Saxons, 899-924)

Edward was the ruler of Wessex from 899 after the death of his father Alfred the Great until July 924. His coronation was on June 8th, 900 as Kingston-upon-Thames. When Alfred died the matter of succession was disputed by Edward and his cousin Athelwold. Edward found support in the south of the country while Athelwold found support in the Danes of Northumbria who accepted him as their over-lord. Athelwold was killed in battle in 905. Edward's sister Athelflaed married Aethelred the ruler of Mercia and together Edward and Aethelred defeated the Danes at Tattenhall in 910. In 911 Aethelred died but Athelflaed became the ruler of Mercia and was known as the 'Lady of the Mercians. Alongside her brother Athelflaed fought against the invading Vikings. She died in 918 after which Edward the Elder was able to add Mercia to his domains. ...

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899  

Oct 26 Alfred dies, Edward 'The Elder' becomes King
 

900  

Constantine becomes ruler of Scotland
Jun 8 Coronation of Edward the Elder
 

901  

Aethelwold ruler of Northumbria
 

902  

Norwegians expelled from Dublin
Aethelwold killed
 

905  

A comet is seen in the skies
 

906  

Peace with Northumbria
 

907  

Romsey Abbey founded
 

910  

Abbey of Cluny founded
Aug Battle of Tettenhall
 

911  

Rollo founds the Norman Dynasty
Death of Louis the Child
 

912  

Towns fortified at Shrewsbury and Bridgnorth
 

913  

Tamworth fortified against the Danes
 

914  

Vikings return to Ireland
Warwick founded by Athelflaed
 

917  

Battle of Tempsford
 

920  

Katla Volcano Eruption
 
 

The reign of ATHELSTAN (King of the English 924-939)

Athelstan, son of Edward the Elder, was the first true King of the English. His mother was thought to have been the daughter of a shepherd who in a dream saw a light coming from her that illuminated all of England. Hearing of the dream Edward's nurse adopted the girl. Athelstan was chosen to be king after the death of his father Edward the Elder in July 924. Athelstan was raised by Edward's sister Athelflaed, Lady of Mercia. It was this connection with Mercia that led to the Mercians choosing him King of Mercia when Edward died. It took a little longer before the West Saxons agreed as there was a dispute over the succession. During his reign Athelstan received embassies from foreign princes, was given many rich presents and gave many back in return. It was alleged that he murdered his brother Edwin. The story went that the King suspected his brother Edwin of plotting against him and to deprive him of the crown. So Edwin was put on a leaky ship with his armour bearer and page. Edwin drowned himself rather than starve. Some time later a cup barer who had been Edwin's accuser, tripped with one foot but saved himself with the other, saying 'how brothers afford each other's help'. On hearing this Athelstan had the matter reinvestigated. It then seems that Edwin was falsely accused and the cup barer was put to death. Athelsta built the monasteries of Middleton and Michelness to atone for his mistake. The truth behind this story is in question. Before his death Edwin undertook the construction of many buildings. Many churches were repaired that had suffered during the ravages of the Danes, including York and Beverley. ...

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924  

Jul 17 Edward the Elder dies
 

925  

Sep 4 Aethelstan becomes King of Wessex and Mercia
 

926  

Sihtric marries Aethelstan's sister
 

927  

Athelstan becomes overlord King
Athelstan defeats the Vikings
 

930  

St. Albans attacked by the Danes
 

933  

Edwin is drowned
 

934  

Athelstan invades Scotland
Katla Volcano Eruption
 

937  

Danish invasion
 
 

The reign of EDMUND (I, King of the English 939-946)

Edmund I, son of Edward the Elder, became King of England from October 939 after the death of his half brother Aethelstan. Edmund fought the Vikings in the north, and entrusted land in the north to Malcolm I. Edmund married Aelfgifu and Ethelflaed. ...

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939  

Oct Edmund succeeds his brother Athelstan
 

942  

Death of Fulk the Red
 

943  

Malcolm I becomes ruler of Scotland
Dunstan and Glastonbury
 

944  

Edmund captures York
 
 

The reign of Eadred (King of the English 946-955)

Eadred was the King of Wessex from May 946 until his death in 955. He died in early age possibly due to a digestive illness that he suffered from. He devoted his life to God and ensured his palace was a school of virtue. He was threatened by the invasion of Eric Bloodaxe who had been deposed from Norway. Bloodaxe was a ferocious Norse Viking who set himself up as the King of Northumbria in York. In response to the invasion Eadred travelled north and ravaged the area, a common practice used to deny supplies to the enemy. The Northumbrians abandoned Eric Bloodaxe as they saw in Eadred someone more formidable than the Viking. Eadred had no children so at his death Eadwig was chosen as king being the oldest child in the natural line of the House of Wessex. Eadwig became king at the age of sixteen. ...

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946  

May Eadred becomes King of Wessex
 

948  

Eadred destroys the monastery at Ripon.
 

954  

York falls to Eadred
 

955  

Eadred dies
Eadwig becomes King of England.
 

956  

Dunstan sent into exile
Jan 26 Coronation of Eadwig
 

957  

Disputed rule
 

959  

Aefsige becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
Beorhthelm becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
 

The reign of EDGAR (I, King of the English 959-975)

Edgar became King of Mercia and Northumbria from 957 and King of Wessex from October 959 making him ruler of the three most important areas of Britain. Edgar was formally crowned in 973 and recalled Bishop Dunstan from exile making him Archbishop of Canterbury and his chief advisor. Edgar married Ethelflead, Wulfthryth, and Elfthryth. Edgar kept his reign free from invasion which may have been due to links with the royal houses abroad. Five of his father's sisters were married to the heads of foreign countries including the Germans and Vikings. ...

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Oct 1 Edgar becomes King of England
 

960  

Dunstan becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
Katla Volcano Eruption
 

962  

St. Paul's burns down
 

964  

Benedictines at Winchester
 

972  

Consecration of Peterborough Abbey
Pershore Abbey charter confirmed
 

973  

Edgar's water-pageant
May 11 Coronation of King Edgar
 
 

The reign of EDWARD (The Martyr, King of the English 975-978)

Edward 'The Martyr' became King of England in July 975 after the death of his father Edgar. A crisis followed the death of the old king as both Edward and his half brother Ethelred had a claim to the throne and were supported by opposing parties. Edward was supported by the monastic party led by Aethelwine and Aethelred was supported by the anti-monastic party led by Ealdorman Aelfhere of Mercia. The Ealdorman wanted to curtail the powers of the monasteries. Edward was murdered near the site of Corfe Castle on the 18th of March 978 while visiting his step-mother Elfrida (or Elfthyrth ?). He was stabbed in the back by an assassin. His step-mother wanted Edward removed so that her own son Aethelred could become king. After being dumped in a well, Edward's body was removed and buried in a church in Shaftsbury where it was said that miracles occurred at the site of the tomb. The blind regaining their sight was one example. Elfrida atoned for her crime and founded two convents. She retired to the convent at Andover and remained there until she died. ...

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975  

Jul Edward becomes king
 

979  

Dunstan survives
Mar Aethelred becomes king
Mar 18 Murder of Edward the Martyr
 

980  

First Viking attacks
 

982  

Vikings colonise Greenland
 

983  

Monastery at Worcester
 

987  

Jul 3 Hugh Capet becomes King of France
 

988  

Athelgar becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
Battle at Wachet
Swein becomes King of Denmark
 

990  

Sigeric Serio becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
 

991  

Vikings attack the wealthy south-east
Battle of Malden
Vikings paid to leave England
 

992  

Battle of Conquereuil
Ships gather in London
 

994  

Swein Fork-Beard invades Britain
Winter Trygvasson converted to Christianity
 

995  

Aelfric becomes Archbishop of Canterbury
Olaf Tryggvason becomes King of Norway
Constantine III becomes King of Scotland
 

996  

Aug Capet Dies and Robert II becomes King of France
 

997  

Peasant's Revolt in Normandy
 

999  

Durham Cathedral consecrated
Sylvester II was elected Pope
 
 
 
 
 
 

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