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Dais Raised area where the lord's chair is positioned
Dalmatic Deacon's (also bishop's) vestment (See TUNICLE)
Danegeld A tax paid to the Vikings to prevent them from attacking
Danelaw Area under Danish Law in the tenth century due to the numbers of Danes living there. Mainly in the east and north east of England
Daub Mud and clay covering as in wattle and daub
Daughter House Foundation of an abbey by monks from another abbey. Initial community consisted of 13 monks, one of which was the group leader.
Dauphin Eldest son of the King of France and heir to the French throne
Day Stairs Stairs usually leading from the cloister to the dorter (sleeping hall).
Dean The head of the group of people running the cathedral (Chapter)
Deanery Where the Dean lived
Decani The south side of the choir on which the Dean sits. Usually in a Cathedral
Decorated The name used to denote the architecture style between 1275 and 1350 (+/- 25 years) (More...)
Demense Lord of Manor's own land.
Dexter The right side of a shield. Shown to the left when looking at a shield design.
Diaper Pattern of diamonds or squares
Diocese Area under the jurisdiction of a Bishop
Dog-Tooth Moulding An ornimental moulding used in the 13th Century in English Cathedrals, conisting of a series of pyramidal projections, each having for leaves
Donjon Inner stronghold or keep of the castle
Dormitory The room where the choir monks slept
Dorter Shared sleeping hall (dormitory) for monks
Dovecote Building where pigeons and doves were raised.
Drawbridge The wooden bridge of a gateway that can be raised or lowered for defence
Dressings The stones used for corners or angles and are worked to a smooth finish
Dripstone A projecting moulding over doors, windows etc. used to throw off the rain
Dungeon The prison
Early English The term used to denote the style of architecture between 1190 and 1275 (More...)
Eaves The underneath part of a sloping roof that overhangs a wall
Effigy A stone, wood, marble etc. carved likeness of a person.
Ealdorman An Anglo-Saxon nobleman who had control over a local area and exercised the king's authority
Embattled Battlements with crenelations (indentations).
Embrasure A small opening in battlements used as lookout posts
Encaustic Tiles Tiles used in medieval cathedrals having the patterns burnt into them
Enceinte An enclosure; the fortified area of a castle
Engaged Shaft or Column A shaft or column partly set into another shaft or column or wall
Exchequer The king's financial department responsible for managing the king's finances
Extrados The curved upper or outer surface of an arch
Eyre The right of a king to visit and inspect property held by his vassals
Facade The face or principal front of a building
Fan-Vault A conchoidal type of vault in which length and curvature of all the ribs are the same
Faquin A dummy made of wood or straw used as a target when training to use a lance
Fealty An oath of faithfulness to one's lord or at it's highest to the crown
Feretory The shrines containing the sacred relics of saints
Fess One of the main ordinaries. A horizontal band in the centre of the shield (More...)
Feudalism System in which the king shares power and land with nobles in return for services.
Fief Land and property held on condition of homage and service to the lord who owns it.
Field The whole surface of the shield.
Finial Leaf decoration on top of a gable or bench-end
Fleur-de-lis Stylised flower like a lily used in shield design
Floriated Decorated with flowers shaped ornaments. Tracery term
Florin An Italian gold coin first issed in Florence in 1252.
Flying Buttress A free-standing buttress linked to the building by part of a arch to provide strength against the lateral forces
Foliated Carving with leaves
Forebuilding A small defendable building on the entrance of a larger building
Foundations Underground stone base supporting the building above
Franc French gold coin first minted in 1360 by John II.
Frater Large common dining room in an abbey. Strict rules of procedure and silence were observed while readings were given.
Fyrd An army consisting of free men who were summonsed by the king in times of trouble
Transport yourself back up to a thousand years and explore historical buildings as they may have appeared in the past.
Explore the bailey and wooden tower keep of a Norman motte and bailey castle
Motte & Bailey
Explore all four floors of a Norman square keep similar to Dover Castle that was built in the twelfth century.
Explore a siege landscape and learn about the siege engines used to destroy a castle.
Explore a reconstruction of Stokesay Castle, a fortified manor house from the fifteenth century.
Explore the White Tower
Explore all four floors of the White Tower at the Tower of London using the Unity 3d game engine.